Japanese Listeners’ Perception of American English Intervocalic /l/, /r/ and Flapped /t/

Tomohiko Ooigawa


In order to apply the principles of perception to EFL phonetic education, the present study examined perception of American English intervocalic /l/ ([l]), /r/ ([ɹ]) and flapped/tapped /t/ ([ɾ]) by Japanese listeners. The results indicated that the listeners discriminated the [ɹ]-[ɾ] contrast better than the [l]-[ɹ] and [l]-[ɾ] contrasts. Most of both English [l] and [ɹ] stimuli were perceptually assimilated to Japanese /r/ or sounds that include /r/, while [ɾ] was mostly assimilated to Japanese /d/ and /r/. English [ɾ] was rated as the most Japanese-like sound of the three consonants.


 DOI: 10.21437/ISAPh.2016-13

Cite as: Ooigawa, T. (2016) Japanese Listeners’ Perception of American English Intervocalic /l/, /r/ and Flapped /t/. Proc. ISAPh 2016 International Symposium on Applied Phonetics, 62-67, DOI: 10.21437/ISAPh.2016-13.


@inproceedings{Ooigawa2016,
  author={Tomohiko Ooigawa},
  title={Japanese Listeners’ Perception of American English Intervocalic /l/, /r/ and Flapped /t/},
  year=2016,
  booktitle={Proc. ISAPh 2016 International Symposium on Applied Phonetics},
  pages={62--67},
  doi={10.21437/ISAPh.2016-13},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/ISAPh.2016-13}
}