Neurophysiological Vocal Source Modeling for Biomarkers of Disease

Gregory Ciccarelli, Thomas F. Quatieri, Satrajit S. Ghosh

Speech is potentially a rich source of biomarkers for detecting and monitoring neuropsychological disorders. Current biomarkers typically comprise acoustic descriptors extracted from behavioral measures of source, filter, prosodic and linguistic cues. In contrast, in this paper, we extract vocal features based on a neurocomputational model of speech production, reflecting latent or internal motor control parameters that may be more sensitive to individual variation under neuropsychological disease. These features, which are constrained by neurophysiology, may be resilient to artifacts and provide an articulatory complement to acoustic features. Our features represent a mapping from a low-dimensional acoustics-based feature space to a high-dimensional space that captures the underlying neural process including articulatory commands and auditory and somatosensory feedback errors. In particular, we demonstrate a neurophysiological vocal source model that generates biomarkers of disease by modeling vocal source control. By using the fundamental frequency contour and a biophysical representation of the vocal source, we infer two neuromuscular time series whose coordination provides vocal features that are applied to depression and Parkinson’s disease as examples. These vocal source coordination features alone, on a single held vowel, outperform or are comparable to other features sets and reflect a significant compression of the feature space.

DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2016-292

Cite as

Ciccarelli, G., Quatieri, T.F., Ghosh, S.S. (2016) Neurophysiological Vocal Source Modeling for Biomarkers of Disease. Proc. Interspeech 2016, 1200-1204.

author={Gregory Ciccarelli and Thomas F. Quatieri and Satrajit S. Ghosh},
title={Neurophysiological Vocal Source Modeling for Biomarkers of Disease},
booktitle={Interspeech 2016},