Rescoring by Combination of Posteriorgram Score and Subword-Matching Score for Use in Query-by-Example

Masato Obara, Kazunori Kojima, Kazuyo Tanaka, Shi-wook Lee, Yoshiaki Itoh


There has been much discussion recently regarding spoken term detection (STD) in speech processing communities. Query-by-Example (QbE) has also been an important topic in spoken-term detection (STD), where a query is issued using a speech signal. This paper proposes a rescoring method using a posteriorgram, which is a sequence of posterior probabilities obtained by a deep neural network (DNN) to be matched against both a speech signal of a query and spoken documents. Because direct matching between two posteriorgrams requires significant computation time, we first apply a conventional STD method that performs matching at a subword or state level, where the subword denotes an acoustic model, and the state composes a hidden Markov model of the acoustic model. Both the spoken query and the spoken documents are converted to subword sequences, using an automatic speech recognizer. After obtaining scores of candidates by subword/state matching, matching at the frame level using the posteriorgram is performed with continuous dynamic programming (CDP) verification for the top N candidates acquired by the subword/state matching. The score of the subword/state matching and the score of the posteriorgram matching are integrated and rescored, using a weighting coefficient. To reduce computation time, the proposed method is restricted to only top candidates for rescoring. Experiments for evaluation have been carried out using open test collections (Spoken-Doc tasks of NTCIR-10 workshops), and the results have demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed method.


DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2016-309

Cite as

Obara, M., Kojima, K., Tanaka, K., Lee, S., Itoh, Y. (2016) Rescoring by Combination of Posteriorgram Score and Subword-Matching Score for Use in Query-by-Example. Proc. Interspeech 2016, 1918-1922.

Bibtex
@inproceedings{Obara+2016,
author={Masato Obara and Kazunori Kojima and Kazuyo Tanaka and Shi-wook Lee and Yoshiaki Itoh},
title={Rescoring by Combination of Posteriorgram Score and Subword-Matching Score for Use in Query-by-Example},
year=2016,
booktitle={Interspeech 2016},
doi={10.21437/Interspeech.2016-309},
url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2016-309},
pages={1918--1922}
}