Does the Importance of Word-Initial and Word-Final Information Differ in Native versus Non-Native Spoken-Word Recognition?

Odette Scharenborg, Juul Coumans, Sofoklis Kakouros, Roeland van Hout


This paper investigates whether the importance and use of word-initial and word-final information in spoken-word recognition is dependent on whether one is listening in a native or a non-native language and on the presence of background noise. Native English and non-native Dutch and Finnish listeners participated in an English word recognition experiment, where either a word’s onset or offset was masked by speech-shaped noise with different signal-to-noise ratios. The results showed that for all listener groups the masking of word onset information was more detrimental to spoken-word recognition than the masking of word offset information. The reliance on word-initial information was larger in harder listening conditions for the English but not so for the Dutch and Finnish listeners. Moreover, no significant differences in the use of word-initial and word-final information were found between the two non-native listener groups. Taken together, these results show that the reliance on word-initial information in deteriorating listening conditions seems to be dependent on whether one is listening in one’s native or a non-native language rather than on the listener’s native language.


DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2016-1095

Cite as

Scharenborg, O., Coumans, J., Kakouros, S., Hout, R.v. (2016) Does the Importance of Word-Initial and Word-Final Information Differ in Native versus Non-Native Spoken-Word Recognition?. Proc. Interspeech 2016, 858-862.

Bibtex
@inproceedings{Scharenborg+2016,
author={Odette Scharenborg and Juul Coumans and Sofoklis Kakouros and Roeland van Hout},
title={Does the Importance of Word-Initial and Word-Final Information Differ in Native versus Non-Native Spoken-Word Recognition?},
year=2016,
booktitle={Interspeech 2016},
doi={10.21437/Interspeech.2016-1095},
url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2016-1095},
pages={858--862}
}