Improved Neural Bag-of-Words Model to Retrieve Out-of-Vocabulary Words in Speech Recognition

Imran Sheikh, Irina Illina, Dominique Fohr, Georges Linarès


Many Proper Names (PNs) are Out-Of-Vocabulary (OOV) words for speech recognition systems used to process diachronic audio data. To enable recovery of the PNs missed by the system, relevant OOV PNs can be retrieved by exploiting the semantic context of the spoken content. In this paper, we explore the Neural Bag-of-Words (NBOW) model, proposed previously for text classification, to retrieve relevant OOV PNs. We propose a Neural Bag-of-Weighted-Words (NBOW2) model in which the input embedding layer is augmented with a context anchor layer. This layer learns to assign importance to input words and has the ability to capture (task specific) key-words in a NBOW model. With experiments on French broadcast news videos we show that the NBOW and NBOW2 models outperform earlier methods based on raw embeddings from LDA and Skip-gram. Combining NBOW with NBOW2 gives faster convergence during training.


DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2016-1219

Cite as

Sheikh, I., Illina, I., Fohr, D., Linarès, G. (2016) Improved Neural Bag-of-Words Model to Retrieve Out-of-Vocabulary Words in Speech Recognition. Proc. Interspeech 2016, 675-679.

Bibtex
@inproceedings{Sheikh+2016,
author={Imran Sheikh and Irina Illina and Dominique Fohr and Georges Linarès},
title={Improved Neural Bag-of-Words Model to Retrieve Out-of-Vocabulary Words in Speech Recognition},
year=2016,
booktitle={Interspeech 2016},
doi={10.21437/Interspeech.2016-1219},
url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2016-1219},
pages={675--679}
}