Prosody as a means to express tense in the Kaingang language

Márcia Nascimento, Marcus Maia, Leticia Rebollo-Couto


This study describes a prosodic process which is used in the Brazilian Indigenous language Kaingang (Je family, Macro-Je stock) to distinguish tense in a specific verb class which ends by consonant segments. Prosody distinguishes past and future in that verb class, both in declarative and in interrogative sentences. A psycholinguistic experiment and acoustic analysis demonstrate that the Kaingang language, considered as an accented language in the current literature, displays grammatical tone as a morphological feature, in addition to a set of particles and morphemes. A rising contour of the fundamental frequency indicates future tense whereas a falling contour indicates past tense.


DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016-67

Cite as

Nascimento, M., Maia, M., Rebollo-Couto, L. (2016) Prosody as a means to express tense in the Kaingang language. Proc. Speech Prosody 2016, 326-329.

Bibtex
@inproceedings{Nascimento+2016,
author={Márcia Nascimento and Marcus Maia and Leticia Rebollo-Couto},
title={Prosody as a means to express tense in the Kaingang language},
year=2016,
booktitle={Speech Prosody 2016},
doi={10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016-67},
url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016-67},
pages={326--329}
}