Second International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP'92)

Banff, Alberta, Canada
October 13-16, 1992

Bibliographic Reference   Author Index   Table of Contents


Bibliographic Reference

[ICSLP-1992] Second International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP'92), Banff, Alberta, Canada, October 13-16, 1992; ISCA Archive, http://www.isca-speech.org/archive/icslp_1992



Author Index and Quick Access to Abstracts

Names written in boldface refer to first authors, in CAPITAL letters to keynote and invited papers. Full papers can be accessed from the abstracts (ISCA members only). Please note that each abstract opens in a separate window.

A   B   C   DE   F   G   H   IJ   K   L   M   N   O   P   QR   S   T   UV   W   XY   Z  

-- A --

Abe   Abrash (911)   Abrash (915)   Acero   Agrawal   Aguilera   Aibar   Albina   Alfonso   Alku   Allen (137)   Allen (425)   Altosaar   Alwan   Amano   Ambikairajah   Andersen, Bjarne   Andersen, Ove (547)   Andersen, Ove (983)   Anderson   Ando   Andrews   Andry   Anglade   Ann   Appleyard   Asano   Aubergé  

-- B --

Baekgaard (719)   Baekgaard (1653)   Bagshaw   Baker   Balestri   Barbier   Bard   Bardaud   Barras   Barschdorff   Basson   Bates   Baudoin   Bauer   Baum   Baungaard   Beattie   Beaugendre   Beckman   Beinert   Bell   Belrhali   Bendrien   Benedetto (417)   Benedetto (579)   Bennani   Benoît (951)   Benoît (999)   Berger   Bergeron   Bergmann   Bernstein   Berrojo   Bezooijen (987)   Bezooijen (1135)   Bhatt   Bickley (571)   Bickley (927)   Birch   Bishop   Blaauw (751)   Blaauw (1299)   Blankenship   Blomberg   Bobrow   Boe   Boeffard   Bonafonte (5)   Bonafonte (45)   Bondale   Bonneau   Boogaart   Boothroyd   Boucher   Boulianne (225)   Boulianne (229)   Boves (121)   Boves (125)   Boves (173)   Boves (1467)   Boyanov   Boysson-Bardies   Bradford   Bradshaw   Breen   Broendsted   Bronstein   Brousseau   Brown   Bruce   Brugnara (627)   Brugnara (803)   Buhrke   Busa (61)   Busa (1303)   Bush   Byrd, D.   Byrd, Dani  

-- C --

Cairns   Caldognetto   Call   Campbell (663)   Campbell (1167)   Canavesio   Cao   Capman   Caraty   Cardin   Carlson (575)   Carlson (671)   Carlson (943)   Carraro   Carré   Casacuberta   Caspars   Castagneri   Ceder   Chan   Chang   Changli   Cheesman   Chen, Dao Wen   Chen, Fangxin   Chen, Shaoyan   Cheng, Jun   Cheng, Yan Ming (515)   Cheng, Yan Ming (1577)   Cheng, Yan-Ming   Cheng, Ying   Chennoukh   Chigier (97)   Chigier (165)   Chiu   Chollet (707)   Chollet (1039)   Chollet (1051)   Chollet (1431)   Chung   Ciaramella   Cifuentes   Clary   Clayards   Clementino   Cohen, Michael (297)   Cohen, Michael (911)   Cohen, Michael (915)   Cohen, Philip   Coile   Colas, J.   Colás, Jose   Cole, Ron   Cole, Ronald   Cole, Ronald A. (895)   Cole, Ronald A. (1007)   Cole, Ronald A. (1087)   Connell   Conte   Cooke   Copperi   Cordoba   Cornelisse   Corrales   Cosi   Coste   Cozannet   Cranen   Cucchiarini   Cummins   Curtis (1203)   Curtis (1621)   Cutler (189)   Cutler (221)   Cutler (1055)   Cutugno  

-- DE --

d'Alessandro   Dalsgaard (547)   Dalsgaard (983)   Dalsgaard (1653)   Daly   Damper (113)   Damper (855)   Davis   Deguchi   Delogu   DeLong   Derwing, B. L.   Derwing, Bruce L.   Descout   Deville   Dickson (1107)   Dickson (1601)   Djezzar   Do   Dobelke   Draxler   Drexler   Duncan
Eady   Eatock   Ederveen   Egecioglu   Eisen   Elenius   Elgendy   Elmlund   Endo   Ennaji   Erickson (679)   Erickson (835)   Erickson (923)   Eskenazi   Esling   Euler  

-- F --

Fabbrizio   Falavigna   Fallside   Fant (667)   Fant (807)   Fanty (325)   Fanty (891)   Fanty (1543)   Farnetani   Feng   Ferrigno   Fink   Fissore   Flammia   Flemming   Floch   Fohr (595)   Fohr (1419)   Foldvik   Fong   Fonollosa   Fortier   Foster   Foti   Fox   Franco (911)   Franco (915)   Francois   Frank   Frasconi   Frehr   Friedman   Fu   Fujimura   Fujisaki (153)   Fujisaki (433)   Fujisaki (1367)   Fujiwara   Fukuzawa   Fung   Furui   Fuyuan  

-- G --

Gable   Gabrieli   Gao, Y. Q.   Gao, Yuqing   Gartner   Garudadri   Gasser   Gauffin   Gavarry   Geluykens   Gersho   Gibbon   Gill   Gish   Giuliani   Glass (575)   Glass (907)   Goblirsch   Goddeau   Goldinger   Goldstein (1131)   Goldstein (1339)   Gong (377)   Gong (863)   Goodine   Goodman   Gorelov (405)   Gorelov (1415)   Gori   Goupil   Gracco   Granström (109)   Granström (185)   Granström (671)   Griggio   Grosz   Gulikers (101)   Gulikers (105)   Gupta   Gussenhoven   Gustafson  

-- H --

Ha   Haan   Halle   Hamer   Hanazawa   Hangai   Hansen (13)   Hansen (527)   Hansen (703)   Hara   Harada (959)   Harada (1027)   Haran   Hardcastle   Harper   Harris   Harrison   Hasegawa   Hashimoto, Hideki   Hashimoto, Shin'ichiro   Hata   Hatazaki (393)   Hatazaki (1483)   Haton (73)   Haton (377)   Haton (863)   Hattori   Hawkins   Hayahara   Hayamizu (269)   Hayamizu (1637)   Hayashi (345)   Hayashi (959)   Hayashi (1027)   Heisterkamp   Helgason   Helzerman   Hermansky   Hernando   Hertz   Hess   Hessen   Heuvel   Heuven (65)   Heuven (349)   Heuven (731)   Heuven (1275)   Hill (117)   Hill (1219)   Hiller (413)   Hiller (417)   Hinkelman   Hiraoka (169)   Hiraoka (1527)   Hirayama (883)   Hirayama (887)   Hirokawa (567)   Hirokawa (1143)   HIROSE, Hajime (457)   Hirose, Hajime (783)   Hirose, Hajime (1661)   Hirose, Keikichi (153)   Hirose, Keikichi (433)   Hirose, Keikichi (1367)   Hirschberg (429)   Hirschberg (563)   Hirschberg (867)   Hirschman (197)   Hirschman (201)   Hirschman (903)   Hollan   Holton   Hombergh   Honda (883)   Honda (887)   Hong   Horna   Hosaka   Hosoi (959)   Hosoi (1027)   House, David   House, Jill (129)   House, Jill (1175)   Howells   Hozumi   Hu, Xinghui   Hu, Zheng   Huang (73)   Huang (1563)   Huber   Huffman (943)   Huffman (1171)   Hunnicutt (197)   Hunnicutt (927)   Hunnicutt (943)   Hurlburt  

-- IJ --

Imagawa   Imaizumi (133)   Imaizumi (959)   Imaizumi (1027)   Inagaki   Ingria   Intrator   Isard   Ishida   Isotani   Itahashi   Ito   Itoh (567)   Itoh (1143)   Itou   Iwahashi (479)   Iwahashi (483)   Iwasaki   Iwata   Jack (409)   Jack (413)   Jack (715)   Jack (1071)   Jackson, Eric   Jackson, M. S.   Jacobs   Jacobsen   Jamieson, Donald G. (1035)   Jamieson, Donald G. (1127)   Jamieson, Leah H.   Jansen   Jekosch   Jiang   Jones   Jongenburger   Juang   Jun   Junqua (595)   Junqua (811)   Junqua (939)  

-- K --

Kabal   Kabrisky   Kai   Kaiki (357)   Kaiki (483)   Kamata   Karjalainen   Karlsson   Kashino   Kaski   Kasuya, Hideki   Kasuya, Seiki   Kato, Hiroaki   Kato, Yoshinaga   Katoh, Fumi   Katoh, Masayo   Katunobu   Kawabata   Kawai   Kawato (883)   Kawato (887)   Keating   Kenny (93)   Kenny (225)   Kenny (229)   Kerlou   Kheirallah   Kimura   Kiritani (345)   Kiritani (783)   Kiritani (1661)   Kita (237)   Kita (301)   Kita (305)   Kitamura   Kobayashi, Tetsunori (385)   Kobayashi, Tetsunori (1479)   Kobayashi, Yutaka (1407)   Kobayashi, Yutaka (1559)   Koga   Kohonen   Koizumi   Kojima   Kokkinakis   Komori (9)   Komori (791)   Kompe   Konig   Koo   Koopmans-van_Beinum   Koreman   Kraft   Kristiansen   Kruckenberg   Kubala   KUHL (449)   Kuhl (495)   KUHN   Kummert (919)   Kummert (1573)   Kuo   Kurematsu (237)   Kurematsu (397)   Kurimo   Kuroiwa   Kuwano   Kvale  

-- L --

Lacheret-Dujour   Lacouture   LADEFOGED   Laface   Laine   Landahl   Laprie (511)   Laprie (815)   Laver (413)   Laver (1071)   Lawrence   Lee, Chan-Do   Lee, Chin-Hui (599)   Lee, Chin-Hui (1391)   Lee, K. Y.   Leeper   Lefebvre, Claude   Lefebvre, R.   Lefevre   Lehiste   Lei   Leich   Lele   Lemieux   Lennig (93)   Lennig (225)   Lennig (229)   Lennon   Lerner   Leung (97)   Leung (165)   Levin   Lewis   Leys   Li   Liberman   Lickley (935)   Lickley (991)   Lienard   Lin, Yi-Chung   Lin, Z. W.   Lindberg, Boerge (1447)   Lindberg, Boerge (1653)   Lindberg, Borge   Lindström   Liu, Feng   Liu, Fu-Hua   Liu, J. P.   Liu, Sharlene   Ljolje (285)   Ljolje (313)   Lleida (5)   LLeida (535)   Lleida (1593)   Love   Lu   Lubensky   Luk   Lyberg  

-- M --

Macias   MacKay   MacKenzie   Maekawa   Maggio   Makhoul   Makino   Mantysalo   Manuel (499)   Manuel (943)   Manzara (117)   Manzara (1219)   Marchal (787)   Marchal (1657)   Marino (5)   Marino (45)   Marino (535)   Marzal   Masai   Mason   Mast   Matsubka   Matsui   Matsumoto   Matsumura   Matsunaga   Matsuoka   Mazor (21)   Mazor (723)   McGlashan   McInnes   McQueen   McRobbie-Utasi   Meltzer   Meng   Meriald   Mermelstein (229)   Mermelstein (1577)   Meunier   Meyer   Micca   Miclet   Migneault   Miki, Kei   Miki, Nobuhiro   Millar   Millien   Milner   Mimura   Minami   Minematsu   Mitome   Miyauchi   Mizoguchi (1435)   Mizoguchi (1641)   Mizuta   Möbius   Mohamadi   Mokbel (707)   Mokbel (1431)   Moldovan   Monaghan   Montacié (475)   Montacié (611)   Monte   Moreno   Morgan (85)   Morgan (911)   Morgan (915)   Morgan (1551)   De MORI (441)   De Mori (627)   Morimoto (237)   Morimoto (305)   Morimoto (397)   Morimoto (401)   Morin   Moro   Morohashi   Mortier   Morton   Motoki   Moulinier   Mousel   Mrayati   Muthusamy (895)   Muthusamy (1007)   Muthusamy (1087)  

-- N --

Nabelek, Anna K.   Nabelek, Igor V.   Nadeu   Nagai (237)   Nagai (1511)   Nagata (397)   Nagata (647)   Naja   Nakagawa (257)   Nakagawa (1011)   Nakai, Mitsuru   Nakai, Takayoshi   Nakajima, K.   Nakajima, Kunio (237)   Nakajima, Kunio (1519)   Nakajima, Shin'ya   Nandkumar   Nathan   Nearey (289)   Nearey (583)   Nearey (1127)   Nebbia   Neijt   Nemeth   Ng   Nguyen, Long   Nguyen, N.   Nicolaidis   Niedermair   Nielsen   Niemann (919)   Niemann (1573)   Niimi (1407)   Niimi (1559)   Nishioka   Nitta   Niyada (169)   Niyada (1527)   Noguohi   Noll   Nomura   Nord (667)   Nord (671)   Normandin (623)   Normandin (1609)   Norris   Noth   Nygaard (209)   Nygaard (217)  

-- O --

O'Shaughnessy (225)   O'Shaughnessy (229)   O'Shaughnessy (515)   O'Shaughnessy (931)   O'Shaughnessy (1577)   Öster   Ogata   Ohala, John J. (831)   Ohala, John J. (1303)   Ohala, Manjari   Ohkura (305)   Ohkura (369)   Ohkura (397)   Ohno   Ohshima   Ohta   Okawa   Okeke   Okumura   Ollek   Omologo (627)   Omologo (803)   Ookumo   Ooyen   Oreglia   Oshika   Oshimat   Ostendorf, Mari (365)   Ostendorf, Mari (1605)   Ostendorf, Mori   Ottesen   Oviatt   Owa  

-- P --

Pacifici   Paeseler   Pätzold   Paksoy   Palmer   Palmeri   Paoloni   Pardas   Pardo (161)   Pardo (1499)   Paul (899)   Paul (1423)   Pelillo (389)   Pelillo (1343)   Pereira   Petersen   Phillips (795)   Phillips (907)   Phillips (1515)   Pieraccini (405)   Pieraccini (1415)   Pierrehumbert   Pierrel   Pisoni (209)   Pisoni (217)   Pisoni (587)   Pisoni (591)   Pitrelli, John   Pitrelli, John F. (165)   Pitrelli, John F. (1299)   Plannerer   Pochmara   Poirier, F.   Poirier, Franck   Polifroni (197)   Polifroni (201)   Polifroni (907)   Pols (181)   Pols (1079)   Port   Portele   Precoda   Preuß   Price (867)   Price (995)  

-- QR --

Quene   Rainion   Ramji   Rao   Refice (389)   Refice (409)   Refice (1343)   Rentzepopoulos   Rheem   Rietveld (1235)   Rietveld (1581)   Riley (285)   Riley (313)   Robb   Robertson   Robinson   Rochet, A. P.   Rochet, Bernard L.   Roddeman   Roe   Rogers   Roginski   Rohlicek   Rooney (413)   Rooney (417)   Rosenbeck   Rosenberg (599)   Rosenberg (1391)   Ross   Rouat (1387)   Rouat (1629)   Rozsypal   Rühl   Rumelhart   Rump   Ruske  

-- S --

Sadamoto   Sagayama (233)   Sagayama (237)   Sagayama (301)   Sagayama (305)   Sagayama (369)   Sagayama (381)   Sagayama (397)   Sagayama (1511)   Sagerer   Sagisaka (357)   Sagisaka (479)   Sagisaka (483)   Sagisaka (507)   Sakai   Salavedra   Salza   SAM_Partners   Sandri   Santangelo   Santen   Saoudi   Sato, Hirokazu (567)   Sato, Hirokazu (1143)   Sato, Hirokazu (1319)   Sato, Tsutomu   Satoru   Saving   Savoji   Sawallis   Schiel   Schock   Schoentgen   Schukat-Talamazzini   Schultz, J. Michael   Schultz, Tanja   Schwartz   Scully   Seino   Seki (959)   Seki (1027)   Sementina   Sendlmeier   Seneff (197)   Seneff (201)   Seneff (317)   Senia   Seza   Shadle   Sharp   Shattuck-Hufnagel (365)   Shattuck-Hufnagel (499)   Shattuck-Hufnagel (747)   Shattuck-Hufnagel (943)   Shigeno   Shikano (237)   Shikano (373)   Shikano (727)   Shikano (1535)   Shimamura   Shimodaira   Shinchi   Shirai (385)   Shirai (1479)   Shirotsuka   Shockey   Shoham   Shozakai   Shriberg, Elizabeth   Shriberg, Elizabeth E.   Silverman (867)   Silverman (1207)   Silverman (1299)   Siohan   Sittig   Slama-Cazacu   Slater   Slawinski   Sluijter (349)   Sluijter (353)   Smeele   Smits   Smyth   Snell (1107)   Snell (1601)   Snow   Sommers (209)   Sommers (217)   Song   Sonoda   Soong (301)   Soong (599)   Sorensen   Soutar   Sperto   Spitz (1299)   Spitz (1395)   Spring   Springer   Sproat   Stallard   Starks   Steffan   Stentiford   Stern   Stets   Stevens (177)   Stevens (499)   Stevens (571)   Stevens (943)   Stone   Strangert   Strik   Su   Sugiyama, Masahide (369)   Sugiyama, Masahide (791)   Sugiyama, Masahide (1383)   Sugiyama, Shigetoshi   Sullivan, K. P. H.   Sullivan, Thomas M.   Suter   Suzuki, Hisayoshi   Suzuki, Jouji   Suzuki, Tadashi   Swerts   Switzer  

-- T --

Tadj   Tajchman (77)   Tajchman (839)   Takahashi   Takami   Takebayashi   Takeda   Takezawa (397)   Takezawa (1251)   Takizawa   Tamoto   Tanaka, Kazuyo (269)   Tanaka, Kazuyo (1637)   Tanaka, Shin'ichi   Tanaka, Yoshinori   Taniguchi, Shuji   Taniguchi, Tomohiko   Tao   Tasaki   Tatham   Taylor   Teixeira   Terken (353)   Terken (421)   Terken (735)   Terken (739)   Thrainsson   Till (1131)   Till (1339)   Tillmann   Todaka   Tomaschewski   Ton   Torkkola (539)   Torkkola (543)   Torkkola (551)   Trancoso   Traum   Treurniet   Tridgell   Tsubaki   Tsubo   Tsuboi   Tsuboka   Tsukada   Tsukuma   Tsuzaki (507)   Tsuzaki (1083)   Tunnock   Tzoukermann (405)   Tzoukermann (1415)  

-- UV --

Ueda   Ulagaraj   Umeda (759)   Umeda (947)   Un   Urata   Uratani   Usami   Utela
Vagges   Vaseghi   Vatikiotis-Bateson (879)   Vatikiotis-Bateson (883)   Vatikiotis-Bateson (887)   Veilleux   Vidal   Vogten  

-- W --

Wade   Waegner   Wakita   Waldstein   Wallace   Wang, H. Samuel   Wang, Ren Hua   Wang, Shih-ping   Watanabe, Taisuke   Watanabe, Takao (393)   Watanabe, Takao (1483)   Weiss   Weitzman   White   Wiebe   Wieringen   Wightman (867)   Wightman (1167)   Wightman (1605)   Wilde   Willemse (101)   Willemse (105)   Williams, Briony J.   Williams, David R.   Woolsey   Wooters   Wrench   Wright   Wrigley   Wynrib  

-- XY --

Xia   Xu, Bo   Xu, D. X.
Yamada, Eiji   Yamada, Tomokazu   Yamaguchi   Yamamoto   Yamashita, Tsutomu   Yamashita, Yoichi (1435)   Yamashita, Yoichi (1641)   Yang   Yarowsky   Yashima   Yato (397)   Yato (1523)   Yeung   Yi, Jie   Yi, Kechu (1455)   Yi, Kechu (1459)   Yogo   Yoshida (393)   Yoshida (1483)   Youd (643)   Youd (1175)   Young (245)   Young (519)  

-- Z --

Zhang   Ziegenhain   Zinke   Ziolkowski   Zoltowski   Zue (201)   Zue (317)   Zue (763)   Zue (795)   Zue (907)   Zwierzyriski  



Table of Contents and Access to Abstracts - Ordered by Sessions

Plenary
Analysis of Disfluencies in Speech 1, 2
Analysis/Systems     ASR in Noise     Auditory Models
Continuous Speech Recognition 1, 2
Dialogue     Dialogues and Applications
Hearing/Speech Impaired 1, 2     Hidden Markov Models     Human Factors
Labelling of Speech 1, 2     Language and Dialect Characterization
Language Learning and Acquisition 1, 2
Linguistic Phonetics     Linguistic Phonetics: Reduction
Natural Language Processing and Speech Understanding 1-3
Perception and Production     Phonetics     Pronunciation Training
Prosody: The Phrase and Beyond 1, 2     Prosody and Phonology 1, 2
Recognition of Telephone Speech
Sampling of Speech Production 1, 2     Self-Organizing Systems in ASR 1, 2     Speaker Adaptation
Speaker-Independent Word Recognition     Speaking Styles 1, 2
Speech Coding     Speech Data Bases     Speech Enhancement
Speech Perception: Higher-Order Processes 1, 2     Speech Perception: Phonetic Processes 1, 2
Speech Perception: Units of Processing     Speech Production: Coarticulation
Speech Production: Models and Theories 1, 2
Speech Production, Parception, and Analysis
Speech Recognition 1, 2     Speech Synthesis 1-3     Stochastic ASR
Text-to-Speech Synthesis 1, 2     Unit-Based ASR
Voice Source Characteristics     Word Spotting in ASR



Table of Contents and Access to Abstracts

Plenary

Ladefoged, Peter: "Knowing enough to analyze spoken languages", 1-4.

Mori, Renato De / Kuhn, R.: "Speech understanding strategies based on string classification trees", 441-448.

Kuhl, Patricia K.: "Infants' perception and representation of speech: development of a new theory", 449-456.

Hirose, Hajime: "The behavior of the larynx in spoken language production", 457-458.

Word Spotting in ASR

Lleida, Eduardo / Marino, José B. / Salavedra, J. / Bonafonte, Antonio: "Syllabic fillers for Spanish HMM keyword spotting", 5-8.

Komori, Yasuhiro / Ton, David Rain: "Minimum error classification training for HMM-based keyword spotting", 9-12.

Clary, Gregory J. / Hansen, John H. L.: "A novel speech recognizer for keyword spotting", 13-16.

Gish, Herbert / Ng, Kenney / Rohlicek, J. Robin: "Secondary processing using speech segments for an HMM word spotting system", 17-20.

Feng, Ming-Whei / Mazor, Baruch: "Continuous word spotting for applications in telecommunications", 21-24.

Copperi, Maurizio: "A low bit-rate CELP coder based on multi-path search methods", 25-28.

Speech Coding

Seza, Katsushi / Tasaki, Hirohisa / Takahashi, Shinya: "Fully vector quantized arm a analysis combined with glottal model for low bit rate coding", 29-32.

Paksoy, Erdal / Chan, Wai-Yip / Gersho, Allen: "Vector quantization of speech LSF parameters with generalized product codes", 33-36.

Shoham, Yair: "Low-rate speech coding based on time-frequency interpolation", 37-40.

Taniguchi, Tomohiko / Tanaka, Yoshinori / Ohta, Yasuji / Amano, Fumio: "Improved CELP speech coding at 4 kbit/s and below", 41-44.

Speech Production: Coarticulation

Bonafonte, Antonio / Marino, Jose B. / Pardas, Montse: "Efficient integration of coarticulation and lexical information in a finite state grammar", 45-48.

Leeper, H. A. / Rochet, A. P. / MacKay, I. R. A.: "Characteristics of nasalance in canadian speakers of English and French", 49-52.

Shadle, Christine H. / Moulinier, Andre / Dobelke, Christian U. / Scully, Celia: "Ensemble averaging applied to the analysis of fricative consonants", 53-56.

Slater, Andrew / Hawkins, Sarah: "Effects of stress and vowel context on velar stops in british English", 57-60.

Caldognetto, E. Magno / Vagges, K. / Ferrigno, G. / Busa, Maria Grazia: "Lip rounding coarticulation in Italian", 61-64.

Auditory Models

Smeele, P. M. T. / Sittig, A. C. / Heuven, Vincent J. van: "Intelligibility of audio-visually desynchronised speech: asymmetrical effect of phoneme position", 65-68.

Laine, Unto K.: "Speech analysis using complex orthogonal auditory transform (coat)", 69-72.

Gao, Yuqing / Huang, Taiyi / Chen, Shaoyan / Haton, Jean-Paul: "Auditory model based speech processing", 73-76.

Tajchman, Gary N. / Intrator, Nathan: "Phonetic classification of timit segments preprocessed with lyon's cochlear model using a supervised/unsupervised hybrid neural network", 77-80.

Holton, Thomas / Love, Steven D. / Gill, Stephen P.: "Formant and pitch-pulse detection using models of auditory signal processing", 81-84.

Recognition of Telephone Speech

Hermansky, Hynek / Morgan, Nelson: "Towards handling the acoustic environment in spoken language processing", 85-88.

Ciaramella, Alberto / Clementino, Davide / Pacifici, Roberto: "Real-time speaker-independent large-vocabulary CDHMM-based continuous telephonic speech recognizer", 89-92.

Lennig, Matthew / Sharp, Douglas / Kenny, Patrick / Gupta, Vishwa / Precoda, Kristin: "Flexible vocabulary recognition of speech", 93-96.

Chigier, Benjamin / Leung, Hong C.: "The effects of signal representations, phonetic classification techniques, and the telephone network", 97-100.

Text-to-Speech Synthesis 1, 1

Gulikers, Leon / Willemse, Rijk: "A lexicon for a text-to-speech system", 101-104.

Willemse, Rijk / Gulikers, Leon: "Word class assignment in a text-to-speech system", 105-108.

Bruce, Gösta / Granström, Björn / Gustafson, Kjell / House, David: "Aspects of prosodic phrasing in Swedish", 109-112.

Sullivan, K. P. H. / Damper, Robert I.: "Synthesis-by-analogy: a bilingual investigation using German and English", 113-116.

Manzara, Leonard C. / Hill, David R.: "Degas: a system for rule-based diphone speech synthesis", 117-120.

Agrawal, Shyam S. / Stevens, Kenneth N.: "Towards synthesis of Hindi consonants using KLSYN88", 177-180.

Pols, Louis C. W. / SAM Partners, SAM Partners: "Multi-lingual synthesis evaluation methods", 181-184.

Granström, Björn / Helgason, Petur / Thrainsson, Hoskuldur: "The interaction of phonetics, phonology and morphology in an icelandic text-to-speech system", 185-188.

Voice Source Characteristics

Strik, Helmer / Jansen, Joop / Boves, Louis: "Comparing methods for automatic extraction of voice source parameters from continuous speech", 121-124.

Koreman, Jacques / Boves, Louis / Cranen, Bert: "The influence of linguistic variations on the voice source characteristics", 125-128.

Palmer, Sarah K. / House, Jill: "Dynamic voice source changes in natural and synthetic speech", 129-132.

Imaizumi, Satoshi / Gauffin, Jan: "Acoustic and perceptual modelling of the voice quality caused by fundamental frequency perturbation", 133-136.

Kiritani, Shigeru / Imagawa, H. / Hirose, Hajime: "Vocal cord vibration during consonants - high-speed digital imaging using a fiberscope", 1661-1664.

Speech Perception: Higher-Order Processes 1, 1

Traum, David R. / Allen, James F.: "A "speech acts" approach to grounding in conversation", 137-140.

Meltzer, Sheila: "Antecedent activation by empty pronominals in Spanish", 141-144.

Smyth, Ron: "Multiple feature matching in pronoun resolution: a new look at parallel function", 145-148.

Su, Keh-Yih / Chang, Jing-Shin / Lin, Yi-Chung: "A discriminative approach for ambiguity resolution based on a semantic score function", 149-152.

Minematsu, Nobuaki / Ohno, Sumio / Hirose, Keikichi / Fujisaki, Hiroya: "The influence of semantic and syntactic information on spoken sentence recognition", 153-156.

Nygaard, Lynne C. / Sommers, Mitchell S. / Pisoni, David B.: "Effects of speaking rate and talker variability on the representation of spoken words in memory", 209-212.

Quene, Hugo / Smits, Yvette: "On the absence of word segmentation at "weak" syllables", 213-216.

Sommers, Mitchell S. / Nygaard, Lynne C. / Pisoni, David B.: "Stimulus variability and the perception of spoken words: effects of variations in speaking rate and overall amplitude", 217-220.

McQueen, James M. / Cutler, Anne: "Words within words: lexical statistics and lexical access", 221-224.

Speaker-Independent Word Recognition

Euler, Stephan / Zinke, Joachim: "Experiments on the use of the generalized probabilistic descent method in speech recognition", 157-160.

Cordoba, Ricardo de / Pardo, José M. / Colás, Jose: "Improving and optimizing speaker independent, 1000 words speech recognition in Spanish", 161-164.

Pitrelli, John F. / Lubensky, David / Chigier, Benjamin / Leung, Hong C.: "Multiple-level evaluation of speech recognition systems", 165-168.

Kimura, Tatsuya / Endo, Mitsuru / Hiraoka, Shoji / Niyada, Katsuyuki: "Speaker independent word recognition using continuous matching of parameters in time-spectral form based on statistical measure", 169-172.

Roddeman, R. / Drexler, H. / Boves, Louis: "Automatic derivation of lexical models for a very large vocabulary speech recognition system", 173-176.

Human Factors

Cutler, Anne / Robinson, Tony: "Response time as a metric for comparison of speech recognition by humans and machines", 189-192.

Ulagaraj, S. M. (Raj): "Characterization of directory assistance operator-customer dialogues in AGT limited", 193-196.

Hunnicutt, Sheri / Hirschman, Lynette / Polifroni, Joseph / Seneff, Stephanie: "Analysis of the effectiveness of system error messages in a human-machine travel planning task", 197-200.

Goodine, David / Hirschman, Lynette / Polifroni, Joseph / Seneff, Stephanie / Zue, Victor: "Evaluating interactive spoken language systems", 201-204.

Jekosch, Ute: "The cluster-identification test", 205-208.

Continuous Speech Recognition 1, 2

Kenny, Patrick / Hollan, R. / Boulianne, G. / Garudadri, H. / Cheng, Yan-Ming / Lennig, Matthew / O'Shaughnessy, Douglas: "Experiments in continuous speech recognition with a 60,000 word vocabulary", 225-228.

Boulianne, G. / Kenny, Patrick / Lennig, Matthew / O'Shaughnessy, Douglas / Mermelstein, Paul: "HMM training on unconstrained speech for large vocabulary, continuous speech recognition", 229-232.

Rainion, David / Sagayama, Shigeki: "Appropriate error criterion selection for continuous speech HMM minimum error training", 233-236.

Nagai, Akito / Kita, Kenji / Hanazawa, Toshiyuki / Suzuki, Tadashi / Iwasaki, Tomohiro / Kawabata, Tsuyoshi / Nakajima, Kunio / Shikano, Kiyohiro / Morimoto, Tsuyoshi / Sagayama, Shigeki / Kurematsu, Akira: "Hardware implementation of realtime 1000-word HMM-LR continuous speech recognition", 237-240.

Bates, Madeleine / Bobrow, Robert / Fung, Pascale / Ingria, Robert / Kubala, Francis / Makhoul, John / Nguyen, Long / Schwartz, Richard / Stallard, David: "Design and performance of HARC, the BBN spoken language understanding system", 241-244.

Shirotsuka, O. / Kawai, G. / Cohen, Michael / Bernstein, J.: "Performance of speaker-independent Japanese recognizer as a function of training set size and diversity", 297-300.

Yamaguchi, Kouichi / Sagayama, Shigeki / Kita, Kenji / Soong, Frank K.: "Continuous mixture HMM-LR using the a* algorithm for continuous speech recognition", 301-304.

Kita, Kenji / Morimoto, Tsuyoshi / Ohkura, Kazumi / Sagayama, Shigeki: "Continuously spoken sentence recognition by HMM-LR", 305-308.

Ito, Akinori / Makino, Shozo: "Word pre-selection using a redundant hash addressing method for continuous speech recognition", 309-312.

Ljolje, Andrej / Riley, Michael D.: "Optimal speech recognition using phone recognition and lexical access", 313-316.

Natural Language Processing and Speech Understanding 1-3

Waegner, Nick / Young, Steve J.: "A trellis-based language model for speech recognition", 245-248.

Zoltowski, Carla B. / Harper, Mary P. / Jamieson, Leah H. / Helzerman, Randall A.: "PARSEC: a constraint-based framework for spoken language understanding", 249-252.

Jones, G. J. F. / Wright, J. H. / Wrigley, E. N.: "The HMM interface with hybrid grammar-bigram language models for speech recognition", 253-256.

Kai, Atsuhiko / Nakagawa, Seiichi: "A frame-synchronous continuous speech recognition algorithm using a top-down parsing of context-free grammar", 257-260.

Pereira, Fernando / Roe, David: "Empirical properties of finite state approximations for phrase structure grammars", 261-264.

Seneff, Stephanie / Meng, Helen / Zue, Victor: "Language modelling for recognition and understanding using layered bigrams", 317-320.

Goddeau, David: "Using probabilistic shift-reduce parsing in speech recognition systems", 321-324.

Howells, Tim / Friedman, David / Fanty, Mark: "Broca, an integrated parser for spoken language", 325-328.

Rao, P. V. S. / Bondale, Nandini: "Blank slate language processor for speech recognition", 329-332.

Jackson, Eric: "Integrating two complementary approaches to spoken language understanding", 333-336.

Pelillo, Marcello / Refice, Mario: "Learning compatibility coefficients for word-class disambiguation relaxation processes", 389-392.

Hatazaki, Kaichiro / Noguohi, Jun / Okumura, Akitoshi / Yoshida, Kazunaga / Watanabe, Takao: "INTERTALKER: an experimental automatic interpretation system using conceptual representation", 393-396.

Morimoto, Tsuyoshi / Takezawa, Toshiyuki / Ohkura, Kazumi / Nagata, Masaaki / Yato, Fumihiro / Sagayama, Shigeki / Kurematsu, Akira: "Enhancement of ATR's spoken language translation system: SL-TRANS2", 397-400.

Morimoto, Tsuyoshi: "Continuous speech recognition using a combination of syntactic constraints and dependency relationship", 401-404.

Pieraccini, Roberto / Gorelov, Zakhar / Levin, Esther / Tzoukermann, Evelyne: "Automatic learning in spoken language understanding", 405-408.

Language Learning and Acquisition 1, 2

Robb, Michael P. / Bauer, Harold R.: "Prespeech and early speech coarticulation: american English and Japanese characteristics", 265-268.

Kojima, Hiroaki / Tanaka, Kazuyo / Hayamizu, Satoru: "Formation of phonological concept structures from spoken word samples", 269-272.

Rochet, Bernard L. / Chen, Fangxin: "Acquisition of the French VOT contrasts by adult speakers of Mandarin Chinese", 273-276.

Gasser, Michael: "Phonology as a byproduct of learning to recognize and produce words: a connectionist model", 277-280.

Hurlburt, Michael S. / Goodman, Judith C.: "The development of lexical effects on children's phoneme identifications", 337-340.

Halle, P. A. / Boysson-Bardies, B. de: "Word recognition before production of first words?", 341-344.

Deguchi, Toshisada / Kiritani, Shigeru / Hayashi, Akiko / Katoh, Fumi: "The effect of fundamental frequency for vowel perception in infants", 345-348.

Speech Perception: Units of Processing

Treurniet, William C.: "Objective measurement of phoneme similarity", 281-284.

Riley, Michael D. / Ljolje, Andrej: "Recognizing phonemes vs. recognizing phones: a comparison", 285-288.

Derwing, B. L. / Nearey, Terrance M. / Beinert, R. A. / Bendrien, T. A.: "On the role of the segment in speech processing by human listeners: evidence from speech perception and from global sound similarity judgments", 289-292.

Wiebe, Grace E. / Derwing, Bruce L.: "The syllabic status of postvocalic resonants in an unwritten low German dialect", 293-296.

Prosody: The Phrase and Beyond 1, 2

Sluijter, Agaath / Heuven, Vincent J. van / Neijt, A. H.: "The influence of focus distribution and lexical stress on the temporal organisation of the syllable", 349-352.

Sluijter, Agaath / Terken, Jacques: "The development and perceptive evaluation of a model for paragraph intonation in dutch", 353-356.

Kaiki, Nobuyoshi / Sagisaka, Yoshinori: "Pause characteristics and local phrase-dependency structure in Japanese", 357-360.

Möbius, Bernd / Pätzold, Matthias: "F0 synthesis based on a quantitative model of German intonation", 361-364.

Ross, K. / Ostendorf, Mari / Shattuck-Hufnagel, Stefanie: "Factors affecting pitch accent placement", 365-368.

Swerts, Marc / Geluykens, Ronald / Terken, Jacques: "Prosodic correlates of discourse units in spontaneous speech", 421-424.

Nakajima, Shin'ya / Allen, James F.: "Prosody as a cue for discourse structure", 425-428.

Grosz, Barbara / Hirschberg, Julia: "Some intonational characteristics of discourse structure", 429-432.

Fujisaki, Hiroya / Hirose, Keikichi / Lei, Haitao: "Prosody and syntax in spoken sentences of standard Chinese", 433-436.

Bishop, Kathleen: "Modeling sentential stress in the context of a large vocabulary continuous speech recognizer", 437-440.

Speaker Adaptation

Ohkura, Kazumi / Sugiyama, Masahide / Sagayama, Shigeki: "Speaker adaptation based on transfer vector field smoothing with continuous mixture density HMMs", 369-372.

Matsubka, Tatsuo / Shikano, Kiyohiro: "Speaker adaptation by modifying mixture coefficients of speaker-independent mixture Gaussian HMMs", 373-376.

Gong, Yifan / Siohan, Olivier / Haton, Jean-Paul: "Minimization of speech alignment error by iterative transformation for speaker adaptation", 377-380.

Hattori, Hiroaki / Sagayama, Shigeki: "Vector field smoothing principle for speaker adaptation", 381-384.

Kobayashi, Tetsunori / Shirai, Katsuhiko: "Spectral mapping onto probabilistic domain using neural networks and its application to speaker adaptive phoneme recognition", 385-388.

Pronunciation Training

Lefevre, Jean-Paul / Jack, Mervyn A. / Maggio, Claudio / Refice, Mario / Gabrieli, Fabio / Saving, Michelina / Santangelo, Luigi: "An interactive system for automated pronunciation improvement", 409-412.

Rooney, Edmund / Hiller, Steven M. / Laver, John / Jack, Mervyn A.: "Prosodic features for automated pronunciation improvement in the spell system", 413-416.

Benedetto, Maria-Gabriella Di / Carraro, Fabrizio / Hiller, Steven M. / Rooney, Edmund: "Vowels pronunciation assessment in the spell system", 417-420.

Self-Organizing Systems in ASR 1, 2

Poirier, Franck: "Self-organizing map with supervision for speech recognition", 459-462.

Haan, Gregory R. De / Egecioglu, Ömer: "Topology preservation for speech recognition", 463-466.

Bradshaw, Gary / Bell, Alan: "Towards the performance limits of connectionist feature detectors", 467-470.

Sorensen, Helge B. D.: "Context-dependent and -independent self-structuring hidden control models for speech recognition", 471-474.

Caraty, Marie-José / Montacié, Claude / Barras, Claude: "Integration of frequential and temporal structurations in a symbolic learning system", 475-478.

Monte, E. / Marino, José B. / LLeida, Eduardo: "Smoothing hidden Markov models ay means of a self organizing feature map", 535-538.

Mantysalo, Jyri / Torkkola, Kari / Kohonen, Teuvo: "LVQ-based speech recognition with high-dimensional context vectors", 539-542.

Kurimo, Mikko / Torkkola, Kari: "Application of self-organizing maps and LVQ in training continuous density hidden Markov models for phonemes", 543-546.

Dalsgaard, Paul / Andersen, Ove: "Identification of mono- and poly-phonemes using acoustic-phonetic features derived by a self-organising neural network", 547-550.

Utela, Pekka / Kaski, Samuel / Torkkola, Kari: "Using phoneme group specific LVQ-codebooks with HMMs", 551-554.

Speech Synthesis 1-3

Iwahashi, Naoto / Sagisaka, Yoshinori: "Speech segment network approach for an optimal synthesis unit set", 479-482.

Sagisaka, Yoshinori / Kaiki, Nobuyoshi / Iwahashi, Naoto / Mimura, Katsuhiko: "ATR μ-talk speech synthesis system", 483-486.

Coile, Bert Van / Leys, Steven / Mortier, Luc: "On the development of a name pronunciation system", 487-490.

Karlsson, Inger: "Consonants for female speech synthesis", 491-494.

Santen, Jan P. H. van: "Diagnostic perceptual experiments for text-to-speech system evaluation", 555-558.

Balestri, Marcello / Foti, Enzo / Nebbia, Luciano / Oreglia, Mario / Salza, Pier Luigi / Sandri, Stefano: "Comparison of natural and synthetic speech intelligibility for a reverse telephone directory service", 559-562.

Sproat, Richard / Hirschberg, Julia / Yarowsky, David: "A corpus-based synthesizer", 563-566.

Hirokawa, Tomohisa / Itoh, Kenzo / Sato, Hirokazu: "High quality speech synthesis based on wavelet compilation of phoneme segments", 567-570.

Williams, David R. / Bickley, Corine A. / Stevens, Kenneth N.: "Inventory of phonetic contrasts generated by high-level control of a formant synthesizer", 571-574.

Goldstein, Mikael / Till, Ove: "Is % overall error rate a valid measure of speech synthesiser and natural speech performance at the segmental level?", 1131-1134.

Jongenburger, Willy / Bezooijen, Renee van: "Text-to-speech conversion for dutch: comprehensibility and acceptability", 1135-1138.

Katoh, Masayo / Hashimoto, Shin'ichiro: "The rhythm rules in Japanese based on the centers of energy gravity of vowels", 1139-1142.

Itoh, Kenzo / Hirokawa, Tomohisa / Sato, Hirokazu: "Segmental power control for Japanese speech synthesis", 1143-1146.

Schoentgen, Jean: "Glottal waveform synthesis with volterra shapers", 1147-1150.

Ceder, Ken / Lyberg, Bertil: "Yet another rule compiler for text-to-speech conversion?", 1151-1154.

Iwata, Kazuhiko / Mitome, Yukio: "Prosody generation models constructed by considering speech tempo influence on prosody", 1155-1158.

Monaghan, Alex I. C.: "Extracting microprosodic information from diphones - a simple way to model segmental effects on prosody for synthetic speech", 1159-1162.

Hessen, Arjan van: "Generation of natural sounding speech stimuli by means of linear cepstral interpolation", 1163-1166.

Campbell, W. Nick / Wightman, Colin: "Prosodic encoding of syntactic structure for speech synthesis", 1167-1170.

Hertz, Susan R. / Huffman, Marie K.: "A nucleus-based timing model applied to multi-dialect speech synthesis by rule", 1171-1174.

House, Jill / Youd, Nick: "Evaluating the prosody of synthesized utterances within a dialogue system", 1175-1178.

Tatham, Marcel / Lewis, Eric: "Prosodics in a syllable-based text-to-speech synthesis system", 1179-1182.

Belrhali, R. / Aubergé, Véronique / Boe, Louis-Jean: "From lexicon to rules: toward a descriptive method of French text-to-phonetics transcription", 1183-1186.

Elmlund, Marianne / Frehr, Ida / Petersen, Niels Reinholt: "Formant transformation from male to female synthetic voices", 1187-1190.

Rentzepopoulos, P. A. / Kokkinakis, George K.: "Multilingual phoneme to grapheme conversion system based on HMM", 1191-1194.

Hara, Noriyo / Tsubaki, Hisayoshi / Wakita, Hisashi: "Fundamental frequency control using linguistic information", 1195-1198.

Breen, Andrew P.: "A comparison of statistical and rule based methods of determining segmental durations", 1199-1202.

Andrews, J. R. / Curtis, K. M. / Kraft, Volker: "Generation and extraction of high quality synthesis units", 1203-1206.

Boogaart, T. / Silverman, Kim: "Evaluating the overall comprehensibility of speech synthesizers", 1207-1210.

Boeffard, Olivier / Miclet, Laurent / White, S.: "Automatic generation of optimized unit dictionaries for text to speech synthesis", 1211-1214.

Kasuya, Hideki / Kasuya, Seiki: "Relationships between syllable, word and sentence intelligibilities of synthetic speech", 1215-1218.

Hill, David R. / Schock, Craig-Richard / Manzara, Leonard C.: "Unrestricted text-to-speech revisited: rhythm and intonation", 1219-1222.

Rozsypal, Anton J.: "Wavelet speech synthesizer in the classroom and speech laboratory", 1223-1226.

Portele, Thomas / Steffan, Birgit / Preuß, Rainer / Sendlmeier, Walter F. / Hess, Wolfgang: "HADIFIX - a speech synthesis system for German", 1227-1230.

Delogu, Cristina / Conte, S. / Paoloni, A. / Sementina, C.: "Two different methodologies for evaluating the comprehension of synthetic passages", 1231-1234.

Gussenhoven, Carlos / Rietveld, Toni: "A target-interpolation model for the intonation of dutch", 1235-1238.

Speech Perception: Phonetic Processes 1, 2

Davis, Katharine / Kuhl, Patricia K.: "Best exemplars of English velar stops: a first report", 495-498.

Stevens, Kenneth N. / Manuel, Sharon Y. / Shattuck-Hufnagel, Stefanie / Liu, Sharlene: "Implementation of a model for lexical access based on features", 499-502.

Huber, Dieter: "Perception of aperiodic speech signals", 503-506.

Kato, Hiroaki / Tsuzaki, Minoru / Sagisaka, Yoshinori: "Acceptability and discrimination threshold for distortion of segmental duration in Japanese words", 507-510.

Bonneau, Anne / Coste, Sylvie / Djezzar, Linda / Laprie, Yves: "Two level acoustic cues for consistent stop identification", 511-514.

Carlson, Rolf / Glass, James: "Vowel classification based on analysis-by-synthesis", 575-578.

Benedetto, Maria-Gabriella Di / Lienard, Jean-Sylvain: "Extrinsic normalization of vowel formant values based on cardinal vowels mapping", 579-582.

Nearey, Terrance M.: "Applications of generalized linear modeling to vowel data", 583-586.

Pisoni, David B.: "Some comments on invariance, variability and perceptual normalization in speech perception", 587-590.

Goldinger, Stephen D. / Palmeri, Thomas J. / Pisoni, David B.: "Words and voices: perceptual details are preserved in lexical representations", 591-594.

Speech Enhancement

Cheng, Yan Ming / O'Shaughnessy, Douglas / Kabal, Peter: "Speech enhancement using a statistically derived filter mapping", 515-518.

Beattie, V. L. / Young, Steve J.: "Hidden Markov model state-based cepstral noise compensation", 519-522.

Brown, Guy J. / Cooke, Martin P.: "A computational model of auditory scene analysis", 523-526.

Nandkumar, S. / Hansen, John H. L. / Stets, Robert J.: "A new dual-channel speech enhancement technique with application to CELP coding in noise", 527-530.

Moreno, Asunción / Fonollosa, José A. R.: "CUMULANT - based voicing decision in noise corrupted speech", 531-534.

Speech Recognition 1, 2

Anglade, Yolande / Fohr, Dominique / Junqua, Jean-Claude: "Selectively trained neural networks for the discrimination of normal and lombard speech", 595-598.

Rosenberg, Aaron E. / DeLong, Joel / Lee, Chin-Hui / Juang, Biing-Hwang / Soong, Frank K.: "The use of cohort normalized scores for speaker verification", 599-602.

Matsui, Tomoko / Furui, Sadaoki: "Speaker recognition using concatenated phoneme models", 603-606.

Bennani, Younes: "Speaker identification through a modular connectionist architecture: evaluation on the timit database", 607-610.

Montacié, Claude / Floch, Jean-Luc Le: "AR-vector models for free-text speaker recognition", 611-614.

Schiel, Florian: "Rapid non-supervised speaker adaptation of semicontinuous hidden Markov models", 1463-1466.

Ederveen, D. / Boves, Louis: "Rule-based recognition of phoneme classes", 1467-1470.

Yi, Jie / Miki, Kei: "A new method of speaker-independent speech recognition using multiphone HMM", 1471-1474.

Koo, Myoung-Wan / Un, Chong-Kwan: "A speaker adaptation based on corrective training and learning vector quantization", 1475-1478.

Shirai, Katsuhiko / Okawa, Shigeki / Kobayashi, Tetsunori: "Phoneme recognition in continuous speech based on mutual information considering phonemic duration and connectivity", 1479-1482.

Koga, Shinji / Isotani, Ryosuke / Tsukada, Satoshi / Yoshida, Kazunaga / Hatazaki, Kaichiro / Watanabe, Takao: "A real-time speaker-independent continuous speech recognition system based on demi-syllable units", 1483-1486.

Vaseghi, Saeed V. / Milner, Ben P.: "Speech recognition in noisy environments", 1487-1490.

McInnes, Fergus R.: "An enhanced interpolation technique for context-specific probability estimation in speech and language modelling", 1491-1494.

Fissore, Lorenzo / Laface, Pietro / Micca, G. / Sperto, G.: "Channel adaptation for a continuous speech recognizer", 1495-1498.

Cifuentes, S. / Colas, J. / Savoji, M. / Pardo, José M.: "A new algorithm for connected digit recognition", 1499-1502.

Ruske, Günther / Plannerer, Bernd / Schultz, Tanja: "Stochastic modeling of syllable-based units for continuous speech recognition", 1503-1506.

Goblirsch, David M. / Albina, Toffee A.: "HARK: an experimental speech recognition system", 1507-1510.

Nagai, Akito / Takami, Jun-Ichi / Sagayama, Shigeki: "The SSS-LR continuous speech recognition system: integrating SSS-derived allophone models and a phoneme-context-dependent LR parser", 1511-1514.

Sakai, Shinsuke / Phillips, Michael: "J-SUMMIT: a Japanese segment-based speech recognition system", 1515-1518.

Mizuta, Shinobu / Nakajima, Kunio: "Optimal discriminative training for HMMs to recognize noisy speech", 1519-1522.

Kuroiwa, Shingo / Takeda, Kazuya / Yato, Fumihiro / Yamamoto, Seiichi / Owa, Kunihiko / Shozakai, Makoto / Matsumoto, Ryuji: "Architecture and algorithms of a real-time word recognizer for telephone input", 1523-1526.

Kuwano, Hiroyasu / Nomura, Kazuya / Ookumo, Atsushi / Hiraoka, Shoji / Watanabe, Taisuke / Niyada, Katsuyuki: "Speaker independent speech recognition method using word spotting technique and its application to VCR programming", 1527-1530.

Lennon, S. / Ambikairajah, E.: "Transputer implementation of front-end processors for speech recognition systems", 1531-1534.

Minami, Yasuhiro / Matsuoka, Tatsuo / Shikano, Kiyohiro: "Phoneme HMM evaluation algorithm without phoneme labeling", 1535-1538.

Noll, A. / Bergmann, H. / Hamer, H. H. / Paeseler, Annedore / Tomaschewski, H.: "Architecture of a configurable application interface for speech recognition systems", 1539-1542.

Fanty, Mark / Pochmara, John / Cole, Ron: "An interactive environment for speech recognition research", 1543-1546.

Abe, Y. / Nakajima, K.: "An approach to unlimited vocabulary continuous speech recognition based on context-dependent phoneme modeling", 1547-1550.

Wooters, Chuck / Morgan, Nelson: "Acoustic subword models in the berkeley restaurant project", 1551-1554.

Jacobsen, Claus Nedergaard: "SIRtrain, an open standard environment for CHMM recognizer development", 1555-1558.

Kobayashi, Yutaka / Niimi, Yasuhisa: "Segmented trellis algorithms for the continuous speech recognition", 1559-1562.

Xu, Bo / Lin, Z. W. / Huang, Taiyi / Xu, D. X. / Gao, Y. Q.: "A. 46,500 word Chinese speech recognition system", 1563-1566.

Chen, Dao Wen: "Study of the time extension flat net for speech recognition", 1567-1568.

Hidden Markov Models

Fallside, Frank: "A hidden Markov model structure for the acquisition of speech by machine, ASM", 615-618.

Masai, Yasuyuki / Tanaka, Shin'ichi / Nitta, Tsuneo: "Speaker-independent keyword recognition based on SMQ/HMM", 619-622.

Cardin, Regis / Goupil, Diane / Lacouture, Roxane / Millien, Evelyne / Snow, Charles / Normandin, Yves: "CRIM's spontaneous speech recognition system for the ATIS task", 623-626.

Brugnara, F. / Mori, Renato De / Giuliani, D. / Omologo, Maurizio: "Improved connected digit recognition using spectral variation functions", 627-630.

Tridgell, Andrew / Millar, Bruce / Do, Kim-Anh: "Alternative preprocessing techniques for discrete hidden Markov model phoneme recognition", 631-634.

Dialogue

Niedermair, Gerhard Th.: "Linguistic modelling in the context of oral dialogue", 635-638.

Andry, Frangois: "Static and dynamic predictions : a method to improve speech understanding in cooperative dialogues", 639-642.

Heisterkamp, Paul / McGlashan, Scott / Youd, Nick: "DIALOGUE SEMANTICS FOR AN ORAL DIALOGUE SYSTEM", 643-646.

Nagata, Masaaki: "Using pragmatics to rule out recognition errors in cooperative task-oriented dialogues", 647-650.

Takebayashi, Yoichi / Tsubo, Hiroyuki / Sadamoto, Yoichi / Hashimoto, Hideki / Shinchi, Hideaki: "A real-time speech dialogue system using spontaneous speech understanding", 651-654.

Prosody and Phonology 1, 2

Yang, Li-chiung: "A semantic and pragmatic analysis of tone and intonation in Mandarin Chinese", 655-658.

Tsukuma, Yoshimasa: "On prosodic features in speech - comparative studies between Japanese and standard Chinese", 659-662.

Campbell, W. Nick: "Prosodic encoding of English speech", 663-666.

Fant, Gunnar / Kruckenberg, Anita / Nord, Lennart: "Prediction of syllable duration, speech rate and tempo", 667-670.

Carlson, Rolf / Granström, Björn / Nord, Lennart: "Experiments with emotive speech - acted utterances and synthesized replicas", 671-674.

Caspars, J. / Heuven, Vincent J. van: "Phonetic properties of dutch accent lending pitch movements under time pressure", 731-734.

Terken, Jacques / Hombergh, Karin van den: "Judgments of relative prominence for adjacent and non-adjacent accents", 735-738.

Beaugendre, F. / d'Alessandro, Christophe / Lacheret-Dujour, Anne / Terken, Jacques: "A perceptual study of French intonation", 739-742.

Liberman, Mark / Schultz, J. Michael / Hong, Soonhyun / Okeke, Vincent: "The phonetics of IGBO tone", 743-746.

Shattuck-Hufnagel, Stefanie: "Stress shift as pitch accent placement: within-word early accent placement in american English", 747-750.

Speaking Styles 1, 2

Morton, Katherine: "Adding emotion to synthetic speech dialogue systems", 675-678.

Spring, Cari / Erickson, Donna / Call, Thomas: "Emotional modalities and intonation in spoken language", 679-682.

Slama-Cazacu, Tatiana: "Are any "press-conferences", "interviews" or "dialogues" true dialogues?", 683-686.

Bronstein, Arthur J.: "The categorization of the dialects and speech styles of north american English", 687-690.

Blaauw, Eleonora: "Phonetic differences between read and spontaneous speech", 751-754.

Eskenazi, Maxine: "Changing speech styles: strategies in read speech and casual and careful spontaneous speech", 755-758.

Umeda, Noriko / Wallace, Karen / Horna, Josephine: "Usage of words and sentence structures in spontaneous versus text material", 759-762.

Daly, Nancy A. / Zue, Victor: "Statistical and linguistic analyses of F0 in read and spontaneous speech", 763-766.

Shockey, Linda / Farnetani, Edda: "Spontaneous speech in English and Italian", 767-770.

ASR in Noise

Lefebvre, Claude / Zwierzyriski, Dariusz A. / Starks, David R. / Birch, Gary: "Further optimisation of a robust IMELDA speech recogniser for applications with severely degraded speech", 691-694.

Stern, Richard M. / Liu, Fu-Hua / Ohshima, Yoshiaki / Sullivan, Thomas M. / Acero, Alejandro: "Multiple approaches to robust speech recognition", 695-698.

Kitamura, Tadashi / Ando, Satoshi / Hayahara, Etsuro: "Speaker-independent spoken digit recognition in noisy environments using dynamic spectral features and neural networks", 699-702.

Cairns, Douglas A. / Hansen, John H. L.: "ICARUS: an mwave-based real-time speech recognition system in noise and lombard effect", 703-706.

Mokbel, C. / Barbier, L. / Kerlou, Y. / Chollet, Gérard: "Word recognition in the car: adapting recognizers to new environments", 707-710.

Dialogues and Applications

Meyer, P. / Rühl, Hans-Wilhelm / Vogten, L. L. M.: "German announcements using synthetic speech the Gauss system", 711-714.

Jack, Mervyn A. / Foster, J. C. / Stentiford, F. W.: "Intelligent dialogues in automated telephone services", 715-718.

Nielsen, Palle Bach / Baekgaard, Anders: "Experience with a dialogue description formalism for realistic applications", 719-722.

Lerner, Solomon / Mazor, Baruch: "Compensating for additive-noise in automatic speech recognition", 723-726.

Matsunaga, Sho-ichi / Tsuboi, Toshiaki / Yamada, Tomokazu / Shikano, Kiyohiro: "Continuous speech recognition for medical diagnoses using a character trigram model", 727-730.

Sampling of Speech Production 1, 2

Lu, Chengxiang / Nakai, Takayoshi / Suzuki, Hisayoshi: "A three-dimensional FEM simulation of the effects of the vocal tract shape on the transfer function", 771-774.

Oshimat, Kiyoshi / Gracco, Vincent L.: "Mandibular contributions to speech production", 775-778.

Matsumura, Masafumi: "Measurement of three-dimensional shapes of vocal tract and nasal cavity using magnetic resonance imaging technique", 779-782.

Kiritani, Shigeru / Hirose, Hajime / Maekawa, Kikuo / Sato, Tsutomu: "Electromyographie studies on the production of pitch contour in accentless dialects in Japanese", 783-786.

Sonoda, Yorinobu / Ogata, Kohichi: "Improvements of magnetometer sensing system for monitoring tongue point movements during speech", 843-846.

Alku, Paavo: "Inverse filtering of the glottal waveform using the Itakura-saito distortion measure", 847-850.

Motoki, Kunitoshi / Miki, Nobuhiro: "Measurement of intraoral sound pressure distributions of Japanese vowels", 851-854.

Labelling of Speech 1, 2

Marchal, Alain / Hardcastle, William J. / Nicolaidis, K. / Nguyen, N. / Gibbon, F.: "Non-linear annotation of multi-channel speech data", 787-790.

Fujiwara, Shingo / Komori, Yasuhiro / Sugiyama, Masahide: "A phoneme labelling workbench using HMM and spectrogram reading knowledge", 791-794.

Phillips, Michael / Zue, Victor: "Automatic discovery of acoustic measurements for phonetic classification", 795-798.

Katunobu, Itou / Satoru, Hayamizu / Hozumi, Tanaka: "Detection of unknown words and automatic estimation of their transcriptions in continuous speech recognition", 799-802.

Brugnara, F. / Falavigna, D. / Omologo, Maurizio: "A HMM-based system for automatic segmentation and labeling of speech", 803-806.

Luk, Robert W. P. / Damper, Robert I.: "A modification of the viterbi algorithm for stochastic phonographic transduction", 855-858.

Bagshaw, Paul C. / Williams, Briony J.: "Criteria for labelling prosodic aspects of English speech", 859-862.

Gong, Yifan / Haton, Jean-Paul: "DTW-based phonetic labeling using explicit phoneme duration constraints", 863-866.

Silverman, Kim / Beckman, Mary / Pitrelli, John / Ostendorf, Mori / Wightman, Colin / Price, Patti / Pierrehumbert, Janet / Hirschberg, Julia: "TOBI: a standard for labeling English prosody", 867-870.

Eisen, Barbara / Tillmann, Hans-Günther / Draxler, Christoph: "Consistency of judgements in manual labelling of phonetic segments: the distinction between clear and unclear cases", 871-874.

Speech Production: Models and Theories 1, 2

Fant, Gunnar: "Vocal tract area functions of Swedish vowels and a new three-parameter model", 807-810.

Junqua, Jean-Claude: "Acoustic and production pilot studies of speech vowels produced in noise", 811-814.

Laprie, Yves / Berger, Marie-Odile: "Active models for regularizing formant trajectories", 815-818.

Carré, Rene / Chennoukh, Samir / Mrayati, Mohamad: "Vowel-consonant-vowel transitions: analysis, modeling, and synthesis", 819-822.

Stone, Maureen / Lele, Subhash : "Representing the tongue surface with curve fits", 875-878.

Harris, Katherine S. / Vatikiotis-Bateson, Eric / Alfonso, Peter J.: "Muscle forces in vowel vocal tract formation", 879-882.

Hirayama, Makoto / Vatikiotis-Bateson, Eric / Kawato, Mitsuo / Honda, Kiyoshi: "Neural network modeling of speech motor control", 883-886.

Vatikiotis-Bateson, Eric / Hirayama, Makoto / Honda, Kiyoshi / Kawato, Mitsuo: "The articulatory dynamics of running speech: gestures from phonemes?", 887-890.

Phonetics

Keating, Patricia / Blankenship, B. / Byrd, D. / Flemming, E. / Todaka, Y.: "Phonetic analyses of the TIMIT corpus of american English", 823-826.

Byrd, Dani: "Sex, dialects, and reduction", 827-830.

Ohala, Manjari / Ohala, John J.: "Phonetic universals and hindi segment duration", 831-834.

Erickson, Donna / Fujimura, Osamu: "Acoustic and articulatory correlates of contrastive emphasis in repeated corrections", 835-838.

Tajchman, Gary N. / Bush, Marcia A.: "Effects of context and redundancy in the perception of naturally produced English vowels", 839-842.

Speech Data Bases

Cole, Ronald / Roginski, Krist / Fanty, Mark: "A telephone speech database of spelled and spoken names", 891-894.

Muthusamy, Yeshwant K. / Cole, Ronald A. / Oshika, Beatrice T.: "The OGI multi-language telephone speech corpus", 895-898.

Paul, Douglas B. / Baker, Janet M.: "The design for the wall street journal-based CSR corpus", 899-902.

Hirschman, Lynette: "Multi-site data collection for a spoken language corpus - MAD COW", 903-906.

Phillips, Michael / Glass, James / Polifroni, Joseph / Zue, Victor: "Collection and analyses of WSJ-CSR corpus at MIT", 907-910.

Stochastic ASR

Abrash, Victor / Franco, Horacio / Cohen, Michael / Morgan, Nelson / Konig, Yochai: "Connectionist gender adaptation in a hybrid neural network / hidden Markov model speech recognition system", 911-914.

Cohen, Michael / Franco, Horacio / Morgan, Nelson / Rumelhart, David / Abrash, Victor: "Hybrid neural network/hidden Markov model continuous-speech recognition", 915-918.

Fink, Gernot A. / Kummert, Franz / Sagerer, Gerhard / Schukat-Talamazzini, Ernst-Günter / Niemann, Heinrich: "Semantic hidden Markov networks", 919-922.

Analysis of Disfluencies in Speech 1, 2

Lehiste, Use / Erickson, Donna: "Hesitation sounds: is there coarticulation across pause?", 923-926.

Bickley, Corine A. / Hunnicutt, Sheri: "Acoustic analysis of laughter", 927-930.

O'Shaughnessy, Douglas: "Analysis of false starts in spontaneous speech", 931-934.

Lickley, Robin J. / Bard, Ellen G.: "Processing disfluent speech: recognising disfluency before lexical access", 935-938.

Morin, Philippe / Junqua, Jean-Claude / Pierrel, Jean-Marie: "A flexible multimodal dialogue architecture independent of the application", 939-942.

Cucchiarini, Catia / Bezooijen, Renee van: "Familiarity with the language transcribed and context as determinants of intratranscriber agreement", 987-990.

Shriberg, Elizabeth E. / Lickley, Robin J.: "Intonation of clause-internal filled pauses", 991-994.

Wade, Elizabeth / Shriberg, Elizabeth / Price, Patti: "User behaviors affecting speech recognition", 995-998.

Linguistic Phonetics: Reduction

Manuel, Sharon Y. / Shattuck-Hufnagel, Stefanie / Huffman, Marie K. / Stevens, Kenneth N. / Carlson, Rolf / Hunnicutt, Sheri: "Studies of vowel and consonant reduction", 943-946.

Umeda, Noriko: "Formant frequencies of vowels in English function words", 947-950.

Hearing/Speech Impaired 1, 2

Benoît, Christian / Mohamadi, Tayeb: "The lip benefit: auditory and visual intelligibility of French speech in noise", 951-954.

Öster, Anne-Marie: "Phonological assessment of deaf children's productive knowledge as a basis for speech-training", 955-958.

Seki, Hideaki / Hayashi, Akiko / Imaizumi, Satoshi / Harada, Takehiko / Hosoi, Hiroshi: "Factors affecting voicing distinction of stops for the hearing impaired", 959-962.

Boothroyd, Arthur / Waldstein, Robin S. / Yeung, Eddy: "Investigations into the auditory F0 speechreading enhancement effect using a sinusoidal replica of the F0 contour", 963-966.

Cutugno, Francesco: "Some considerations on pitch and timing control in deaf children", 967-970.

Baum, Shari R.: "Rate of speech effects in aphasia: an acoustic analysis of voice onset time", 1019-1022.

Bhatt, Parth M.: "Fundamental frequency attributes following unilateral left or right temporal lobe lesion", 1023-1026.

Hosoi, Hiroshi / Imaizumi, Satoshi / Hayashi, Akiko / Harada, Takehiko / Seki, Hideaki: "Cue extraction and integration in speech perception for the hearing impaired", 1027-1030.

Nabelek, Anna K.: "The relationship between spectral details in naturally produced vowels and identification errors in noise and reverberation", 1031-1034.

Jamieson, Donald G. / Cornelisse, Leonard: "Speech processing effects on intelligibility for hearing-impaired listeners", 1035-1038.

Unit-Based ASR

Fuyuan, Mo / Changli, Li / Tao, Chen: "Chinese recognition and synthesis system based on Chinese syllables", 971-974.

Yogo, Hirofumi / Inagaki, Naoki: "Accelerated stochastic approximation method based parameter estimation of monosyllables and their recognition using a neural network", 975-978.

Altosaar, Toomas / Karjalainen, Matti: "Diphone-based speech recognition using time-event neural networks", 979-982.

Flammia, Giovanni / Dalsgaard, Paul / Andersen, Ove / Lindberg, Borge: "Segment based variable frame rate speech analysis and recognition using a spectral variation function", 983-986.

Language and Dialect Characterization

Benoît, Christian: "Intelligibility of the French spoken in France compared across listeners from France and from the Ivory Coast", 999-1002.

Brousseau, Julie / Fox, Sally Anne: "Dialect-dependent speech recognizers for canadian and european French", 1003-1006.

Muthusamy, Yeshwant K. / Cole, Ronald A.: "Automatic segmentation and identification of ten languages using telephone speech", 1007-1010.

Nakagawa, Seiichi / Ueda, Yoshio / Seino, Takashi: "Speaker-independent, text-independent language identification by HMM", 1011-1014.

Itahashi, Shuichi / Yamashita, Tsutomu: "A discrimination method between Japanese dialects", 1015-1018.

Speech Production, Parception, and Analysis

Boyanov, B. / Chollet, Gérard: "Pathological voice analysis using cepstra, bispectra and group delay functions", 1039-1042.

Fu, Qianje / Xia, Peyu / Wang, Ren Hua: "Lateralization of speech sounds by binaural distributing processing", 1043-1046.

Rump, H. H.: "Timing of pitch movements and perceived vowel duration", 1047-1050.

Liu, J. P. / Baudoin, G. / Chollet, Gérard: "Studies of glottal excitation and vocal tract parameters using inverse filtering and a parameterized input model", 1051-1054.

Norris, Dennis / Ooyen, Brit van / Cutler, Anne: "Speeded detection of vowels and steady-state consonants", 1055-1058.

Slawinski, Elzbieta B.: "Temporal factors in the perception of consonants for different age and hearing impairment groups", 1059-1062.

Alwan, Abeer: "The role of F3 and F4 in identifying place of articulation for stop consonants", 1063-1066.

Sawallis, Thomas R.: "A new measure for perceptual weight of acoustic cues: an experiment on voicing in French intervocalic [t,d]", 1067-1070.

Wrench, Alan A. / Jack, Mervyn A. / Laver, John / Jackson, M. S. / Soutar, D. S. / Robertson, A. G. / MacKenzie, J.: "Objective speech quality assessment in patients with intra-oral cancers: voiceless fricatives", 1071-1074.

Connell, Bruce: "Tongue contact, active articulators, and coarticulation", 1075-1078.

Kashino, Makio / Wieringen, Astrid van / Pols, Louis C. W.: "Cross-languages differences in the identification of intervocalic stop consonants by Japanese and dutch listeners", 1079-1082.

Tsuzaki, Minoru: "Effects of typicality and interstimulus interval on the discrimination of speech stimuli: within-subject comparison", 1083-1086.

Cole, Ronald A. / Muthusamy, Yeshwant K.: "Perceptual studies on vowels excised from continuous speech", 1087-1090.

Weitzman, Raymond S.: "The relative perceptual salience of spectral and durational differences", 1095-1098.

Koopmans-van Beinum, Florien J.: "Can 'level words' from one speaking style become teaks' when spliced into another speaking style?", 1099-1102.

Gable, Beverley / Nemeth, Helen / Haran, Martin: "Speech errors and task demand", 1103-1106.

Esling, John H. / Dickson, B. Craig / Snell, Roy C.: "Analysis of phonation type using laryngographic techniques", 1107-1110.

Shigeno, Sumi: "Effect of prototypes of vowels on speech perception in Japanese and English", 1111-1114.

Morohashi, Tomo-o / Shimamura, Tetsuya / Yashima, Hiroyuki / Suzuki, Jouji: "Characteristics of voice picked up from outer skin of larynx", 1115-1118.

Nabelek, Igor V.: "Coding of voicing in whispered plosives", 1119-1122.

Cheesman, Margaret F. / Lawrence, Shelly / Appleyard, Allison: "Performance on a nonsense syllable test using the articulation index", 1123-1126.

Jamieson, Donald G. / Ramji, Ketan / Kheirallah, Issam / Nearey, Terrance M.: "CSRE: a speech research environment", 1127-1130.

Linguistic Phonetics

Hata, Kazue / Hasegawa, Yoko: "A study of F0 reset in naturally-read utterances in Japanese", 1239-1242.

Wang, H. Samuel / Chiu, Fu-Dong: "On the nature of tone sandhi rules in taiwanese", 1243-1246.

Nathan, Geoffrey S.: "How shallow is phonology: declarative phonologies meet fast speech", 1247-1250.

Hosaka, Junko / Takezawa, Toshiyuki / Uratani, Noriyoshi: "Analyzing postposition drops in spoken Japanese", 1251-1254.

Zhang, Jialu / Hu, Xinghui: "Fundamental frequency patterns of Chinese in different speech modes", 1255-1258.

Kvale, Knut / Foldvik, Ante Kjell: "The multifarious r-sound", 1259-1262.

McRobbie-Utasi, Zita: "The role of preaspiration duration in the voicing contrast in skolt sami", 1263-1266.

Yamada, Eiji: "Parameter setting for abstract stress in tokyo Japanese", 1267-1270.

Ottesen, Georg E.: "A method for studying prosody in texts read aloud", 1271-1274.

Heuven, Vincent J. van: "Linguistic versus phonetic explanation of consonant lengthening after short vowels: a contrastive study of dutch and English", 1275-1278.

Elenius, Kjell / Blomberg, Mats: "Comparing phoneme and feature based speech recognition using artificial neural networks", 1279-1282.

Strangert, Eva: "Prosodic cues to the perception of syntactic boundaries", 1283-1286.

Taylor, Paul / Isard, Stephen: "A new model of intonation for use with speech synthesis and recognition", 1287-1290.

Weiss, Rudolf: "Computerized error detection/correction in teaching German sounds: some problems and solutions", 1291-1294.

Elgendy, Ahmed M.: "Velum and epiglottis behavior during the production of Arabic pharyngeals and laryngeals: a fiberscopic study", 1295-1298.

Silverman, Kim / Blaauw, Eleonora / Spitz, Judith / Pitrelli, John F.: "A prosodic comparison of spontaneous speech and read speech", 1299-1302.

Ohala, John J. / Busa, Maria Grazia / Harrison, Karen: "Phonological and psychological evidence that listeners normalize the speech signal", 1303-1306.

Hinkelman, Elizabeth A.: "Intonation and the request/question distinction", 1307-1310.

Port, Robert F. / Cummins, Fred: "The English voicing contrast as velocity perturbation", 1311-1314.

Ziolkowski, Michael S. / Usami, Mayumi / Landahl, Karen L. / Tunnock, Brenda K.: "How many phonologies are there in one speaker? some experimental evidence", 1315-1318.

Sato, Hirokazu: "Decomposition into syllable complexes and the accenting of Japanese loanwords", 1319-1322.

Cao, Jianfen: "Temporal structure in bisyllabic word frame: an evidence for relational invariance and variability from standard Chinese", 1323-1326.

Wang, Shih-ping: "The integration of phonetics and phonology: a case study of taiwanese "gemination" and syllable structure", 1327-1330.

Perception and Production

Bradford, James H.: "Towards a robust speech interface for teleoperation systems", 1331-1334.

Cosi, Piero / Frasconi, P. / Gori, M. / Griggio, N.: "Phonetic recognition experiments with recurrent neural networks", 1335-1338.

Goldstein, Mikael / Lindström, Björn / Till, Ove: "Some aspects on context and response range effects when assessing naturalness of Swedish sentences generated by 4 synthesiser systems", 1339-1342.

Pelillo, Marcello / Moro, Franca / Refice, Mario: "Probabilistic prediction of parts-of-speech from word spelling using decision trees", 1343-1346.

Barschdorff, D. / Gartner, U.: "Single word detection system with a neural classifier for recognizing speech at variable levels of background noise", 1347-1350.

Oviatt, Sharon / Cohen, Philip / Fong, Martin / Frank, Michael: "A rapid semi-automatic simulation technique for investigating interactive speech and handwriting", 1351-1354.

Chung, Sang-Hwa / Moldovan, Dan: "Speech understanding on a massively parallel computer", 1355-1358.

Lee, Chan-Do: "Rationale for "performance phonology"", 1359-1362.

Koizumi, Takuya / Urata, Jyoji / Taniguchi, Shuji: "The effect of information feedback on the performance of a phoneme recognizer using kohonen map", 1363-1366.

Asano, Yasuharu / Hirose, Keikichi / Fujisaki, Hiroya: "A method of dialogue management for the speech response system", 1367-1370.

Takizawa, Yumi / Tsuboka, Eiichi : "Syllable duration prediction for speech recognition", 1371-1374.

Canavesio, F. / Castagneri, G. / Fabbrizio, G. Di / Senia, F.: "Comparison between two methodologies of testing isolated word speech recognizers", 1375-1378.

Jun, He / Leich, Henri: "Extracting fuzzy features from MLP for recognition of speech", 1379-1382.

Fukuzawa, Keiji / Kato, Yoshinaga / Sugiyama, Masahide: "A fuzzy partition model (FPM) neural network architecture for speaker-independent continuous speech recognition", 1383-1386.

Ennaji, A. / Rouat, Jean: "Conception of speech filters based on a neural network", 1387-1390.

Kuo, Jeff / Lee, Chin-Hui / Rosenberg, Aaron E.: "Speaker set identification through speaker group modeling", 1391-1394.

Springer, Stephen / Basson, Sara / Spitz, Judith: "Identification of principal ergonomic requirements for interactive spoken language systems", 1395-1398.

Jacobs, Thomas E. / Buhrke, Eric R.: "Performance of the united kingdom intelligent network automatic speech recognition system", 1399-1402.

Deville, Guy / Mousel, Pierre: "Evaluation of parsing strategies in natural language spoken man-machine dialogue", 1403-1406.

Niimi, Yasuhisa / Kobayashi, Yutaka: "An information retrieval system with a speech interface", 1407-1410.

Eatock, J. P. / Mason, J. S. D.: "Phoneme performance in speaker recognition", 1411-1414.

Tzoukermann, Evelyne / Pieraccini, Roberto / Gorelov, Zakhar: "Natural language processing in the chronus system", 1415-1418.

Francois, Dominique / Fohr, Dominique: "Contribution of neural networks for phoneme identification in the APHODEX expert system", 1419-1422.

Paul, Douglas B.: "A CSR-NL interface architecture", 1423-1426.

Lefebvre, R. / Poirier, F. / Duncan, G.: "Speech interface for a man-machine dialog with the unix operating system", 1427-1430.

Bardaud, P. / Capman, F. / Mokbel, C. / Tadj, C. / Chollet, Gérard: "Transformation of databases for the evaluation of speech recognizers", 1431-1434.

Yamashita, Yoichi / Mizoguchi, Riichiro: "Dialog management for speech output from concept representation", 1435-1438.

Hangai, Seiichiro / Sugiyama, Shigetoshi / Miyauchi, Kazuhiro: "Speaker verification using locations and sizes of multipulses on neural networks", 1439-1442.

Teixeira, Carlos J. / Trancoso, Isabel M.: "Word rejection using multiple sink models", 1443-1446.

Lindberg, Boerge: "Verification of language specific performance factors from recogniser testing on EUROM.1 CVC material", 1447-1450.

Cozannet, Alain: "Modeling task driven oral dialogue", 1451-1454.

Li, Wei-ying / Yi, Kechu / Hu, Zheng: "Introducing neural predictor to hidden Markov model for speech recognition", 1455-1458.

Liu, Feng / Jiang, Jianxin / Cheng, Jun / Yi, Kechu: "A neural network based on subnets - SNN", 1459-1462.

Analysis/Systems

Ziegenhain, Ute: "Syntactic anaphora resolution in a speech understanding system", 1569-1572.

Mast, Marion / Kompe, Ralf / Kummert, Franz / Niemann, Heinrich / Noth, Elmar: "The dialog module of the speech recognition and dialog system EVAR", 1573-1576.

Cheng, Yan Ming / O'Shaughnessy, Douglas / Mermelstein, Paul: "Statistical recovery of wideband speech from narrowband speech", 1577-1580.

Heuvel, Henk van den / Rietveld, Toni: "Speaker related variability in cepstral representations of dutch speech segments", 1581-1584.

Rosenbeck, Per / Baungaard, Bo: "Experiences from a real-world telephone application: teledialogue", 1585-1588.

Lee, K. Y. / Ha, P. / Rheem, J. / Ann, S. / Song, I.: "Robust estimation of time-varying LP parameters on speech", 1589-1592.

Hernando, Javier / Nadeu, Climent / Lleida, Eduardo: "On the AR modelling of the one-sided autocorrelation sequence for noisy speech recognition", 1593-1596.

Shimodaira, Hiroshi / Nakai, Mitsuru: "Robust pitch detection by narrow band spectrum analysis", 1597-1600.

Eady, S. / Dickson, B. Craig / Snell, Roy C. / Woolsey, J. / Ollek, P. / Wynrib, A. / Clayards, J.: "A microcomputer-based system for real-time analysis and display of laryngograph signals", 1601-1604.

Veilleux, N. M. / Ostendorf, Mari / Wightman, Colin: "Parse scoring with prosodic information", 1605-1608.

Cheng, Ying / Fortier, Paul / Normandin, Yves: "Topic identification using a neural network with a keyword-spotting preprocessor", 1609-1612.

Switzer, Shane / Anderson, Tim / Kabrisky, Matthew / Rogers, Steven K. / Suter, Bruce: "Frequency domain speech coding", 1613-1616.

Descout, Raymond / Bergeron, Robert / Meriald, Bernard: "MEDIATEX-TASF: a closed captioning real-time service in French", 1617-1620.

Wilde, S. A. / Curtis, K. M.: "The wavelet transform for speech analysis", 1621-1624.

Aibar, Pablo / Marzal, Andres / Vidal, Enrique / Casacuberta, Francisco: "Problems and algorithms in optimal linguistic decoding: a unified formulation", 1625-1628.

Rouat, Jean / Lemieux, Sylvain / Migneault, Alain: "A spectro-temporal analysis of speech based on nonlinear operators", 1629-1632.

Berrojo, Miguel A. / Corrales, Javier / Macias, Jesus / Aguilera, Santiago: "A PC graphic tool for speech research based on a DSP board", 1633-1636.

Hayamizu, Satoru / Itou, Katunobu / Tamoto, Masafumi / Tanaka, Kazuyo: "A spoken language dialogue system for automatic collection of spontaneous speech", 1637-1640.

Nishioka, Shingo / Yamashita, Yoichi / Mizoguchi, Riichiro: "A powerful disambiguating mechanism for speech understanding systems based on ATMs", 1641-1644.

Naja, Najib / Boucher, Jean Marc / Saoudi, Samir: "A mixed Gaussian-stochastic code book for CELP coder in LSP speech coding", 1645-1648.

Kamata, Hiroyuki / Ishida, Yoshihisa: "A method to estimate the transfer function of ARMA model of speech wave using prony method and homomorphic analysis", 1649-1652.

Lindberg, Boerge / Andersen, Bjarne / Baekgaard, Anders / Broendsted, Tom / Dalsgaard, Paul / Kristiansen, Jan: "An integrated dialogue design and continuous speech recognition system environment", 1653-1656.

Marchal, Alain / Meunier, C. / Gavarry, P.: "The PSH/DISPE helium speech cdrom", 1657-1660.