The manipulation of prosody, including pitch, duration and intensity, is one of the leading approaches in synthesizing emotion. This paper reports work on the development of a Malay Emotional synthesizer capable of expressing four basic emotions, namely happiness, anger, sadness and fear for any form of text input with various intonation patterns using the prosody manipulation principle. The synthesizer makes use of prosody templates and prosody parametric manipulation for different types of sentence structure.
Bibliographic reference. Begum, Mumtaz / Ainon, Raja N. / Zainuddin, Roziati / Don, Zuraidah M. / Knowles, Gerry (2008): "Integrating rule and template-based approaches for emotional Malay speech synthesis", In INTERSPEECH-2008, 253-256.