This paper introduces a class of discriminative features for use in maximum entropy speech recognition models. The features we propose are acoustic detectors for discriminatively determined multi-phone units. The multi-phone units are found by computing the mutual information between the phonetic sub-sequences that occur in the training lexicon, and the word labels. This quantity is a function of an error model governing our ability to detect phone sequences accurately (an otherwise informative sequence which cannot be reliably detected is not so useful). We show how to compute this mutual information quantity under a class of error models efficiently, in one pass over the data, for all phonetic subsequences in the training data. After this computation, detectors are created for a subset of highly informative units. We then define two novel classes of features based on these units: associative and transductive. Incorporating these features in a maximum entropy based direct model for Voice-Search outperforms the baseline by 24% in sentence error rate.
Bibliographic reference. Zweig, Geoffrey / Nguyen, Patrick (2009): "Maximum mutual information multi-phone units in direct modeling", In INTERSPEECH-2009, 1919-1922.