10th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association

Brighton, United Kingdom
September 6-10, 2009

Voice Activity Detection Using Singular Value Decomposition-Based Filter

Hwa Jeon Song, Sung Min Ban, Hyung Soon Kim

Pusan National University, Korea

This paper proposes a novel voice activity detector (VAD) based on singular value decomposition (SVD). The spectro-temporal characteristics of background noise region can be easily analyzed by SVD. The proposed method naturally drops hangover algorithm from VAD. Moreover, it adaptively changes the decision threshold by employing the most dominant singular value of the observation matrix in the noise region. According to simulation results, the proposed VAD shows significantly better performance than the conventional statistical model-based method and is less sensitive to the environmental changes. In addition, the proposed algorithm requires very low computational cost compared with other algorithms.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Song, Hwa Jeon / Ban, Sung Min / Kim, Hyung Soon (2009): "Voice activity detection using singular value decomposition-based filter", In INTERSPEECH-2009, 2223-2226.