INTERSPEECH 2009
10th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association

Brighton, United Kingdom
September 6-10, 2009

Phrase and Word Level Strategies for Detecting Appositions in Speech

Benoit Favre, Dilek Hakkani-Tür

ICSI, USA

Appositions are grammatical constructs in which two noun phrases are placed side-by-side, one modifying the other. Detecting them in speech can help extract semantic information useful, for instance, for co-reference resolution and question answering. We compare and combine three approaches: word-level and phrase-level classifiers, and a syntactic parser trained to generate appositions. On reference parses, the phrase-level classifier outperforms the other approaches while on automatic parses and ASR output, the combination of the apposition-generating parser and the word-level classifier works best. An analysis of the system errors reveals that parsing accuracy and world knowledge are very important for this task.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Favre, Benoit / Hakkani-Tür, Dilek (2009): "Phrase and word level strategies for detecting appositions in speech", In INTERSPEECH-2009, 2711-2714.