INTERSPEECH 2010
11th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association

Makuhari, Chiba, Japan
September 26-30. 2010

Audiovisual Congruence and Pragmatic Focus Marking

Charlotte Wollermann (1), Bernhard Schröder (2), Ulrich Schade (1)

(1) Universität Bonn, Germany
(2) Universität Duisburg-Essen, Germany

This paper presents an empirical study on the interplay between audio and visual information for pragmatic focus marking. Nine German speakers were instructed to read dialogues with embedded question-answer pairs and varied context regarding certainty and exhaustivity. Results show that H* accompanied by a raising of eyebrows or head occurs significantly more often for the context intended to advantage uncertainty and nonexhaustivity. Furthermore, when two noun phrases are coordinated, a higher number of audiovisually equivalent realizations occur for the context intended to advantage certainty and exhaustivity, whereas audiovisually incongruent cues occur more often for the context intended to advantage uncertainty and nonexhaustivity.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Wollermann, Charlotte / Schröder, Bernhard / Schade, Ulrich (2010): "Audiovisual congruence and pragmatic focus marking", In INTERSPEECH-2010, 1137-1140.