11th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association

Makuhari, Chiba, Japan
September 26-30. 2010

Phonetic Realization of Second Occurrence Focus in Japanese

Satoshi Nambu, Yong-cheol Lee

University of Pennsylvania, USA

Previous studies have recently agreed that second occurrence focus is phonetically realized as prosodic prominence. What has been missing in the previous studies, however, is a comparison with neutral-focus, in addition to main focus and pre/post-focus, which is necessary to elucidate a precise phonetic status of second occurrence focus. Using evidence from Japanese, this study shows that second occurrence focus in the pre/post-focus position is realized with high pitch less salient than main focus but more than pre/post-focus. Compared with neutral-focus, the pitch of second occurrence focus is higher in the pre-focus position but lower in the post-focus position due to post-focus compression. Furthermore, this study provides a cross-linguistic insight of focus realization. The result suggests that Japanese focus experiences pre-focus compression, in addition to post-focus compression, which is different from Korean, English, and Mandarin.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Nambu, Satoshi / Lee, Yong-cheol (2010): "Phonetic realization of second occurrence focus in Japanese", In INTERSPEECH-2010, 1744-1747.