INTERSPEECH 2012
13th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association

Portland, OR, USA
September 9-13, 2012

Confidence Measures in Speech Emotion Recognition Based on Semi-supervised Learning

Jun Deng, Björn Schuller

Institute for Human-Machine Communication, Technische Universität München, Germany

Even though the accuracy of predictions made by speech emotion recognition (SER) systems is increasing in precision, little is known about the confidence of the predictions. To shed some light on this, we propose a confidence measure for SER systems based on semi-supervised learning. During the semi-supervised learning procedure, five frequently used databases with manually created confidence labels are implemented to train classifiers. When the SER system predicts the label for an unknown test utterance, these classifiers serve as a reliability estimator for the utterance and output a series of confidence ratios that are combined into a single confidence measure. Our experimental results impressively show that the proposed confidence measure is effective in indicating how much we can trust the predicted emotion.

Index Terms: speech emotion recognition, confidence measure, semi-supervised learning, cross-corpus

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Deng, Jun / Schuller, Björn (2012): "Confidence measures in speech emotion recognition based on semi-supervised learning", In INTERSPEECH-2012, 2226-2229.