ODYSSEY 2004 - The Speaker and Language Recognition Workshop
May 31 - June 3, 2004
Speaker verification and identification systems most often employ HMMs and GMMs as recognition engines. This paper describes an algorithm for the optimal selection of the feature space, suitable for these engines. In verification systems, each speaker (target) is assigned an "individual" optimal feature space in which he/she is best discriminated against impostors. Several feature selection procedures were tested for the selection process. A Recognition Related Criterion (RRC), correlated with the recognition rate, was developed and evaluated.
The algorithm was evaluated on a text-dependent database. A significant improvement (over the "standard" MFCC space) in verification results was demonstrated with the selected individual feature space. An EER of 0.7% was achieved when the feature set was the "almost standard" Mel Frequency Cepstrum Coefficients (MFCC) space (12 MFCC + 12 delta MFCC). Under the same conditions, a system based on the selected feature space yielded an EER of only 0.48%.
Bibliographic reference. Zigel, Yaniv / Cohen, Arnon (2004): "Text-dependent speaker verification using feature selection with recognition related criterion", In ODYS-2004, 329-336.