Dominant Distortion Classification for Pre-Processing of Vowels in Remote Biomedical Voice Analysis

Amir Hossein Poorjam, Jesper Rindom Jensen, Max A. Little, Mads Græsbøll Christensen


Advances in speech signal analysis facilitate the development of techniques for remote biomedical voice assessment. However, the performance of these techniques is affected by noise and distortion in signals. In this paper, we focus on the vowel /a/ as the most widely-used voice signal for pathological voice assessments and investigate the impact of four major types of distortion that are commonly present during recording or transmission in voice analysis, namely: background noise, reverberation, clipping and compression, on Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs) — the most widely-used features in biomedical voice analysis. Then, we propose a new distortion classification approach to detect the most dominant distortion in such voice signals. The proposed method involves MFCCs as frame-level features and a support vector machine as classifier to detect the presence and type of distortion in frames of a given voice signal. Experimental results obtained from the healthy and Parkinson’s voices show the effectiveness of the proposed approach in distortion detection and classification.


 DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2017-378

Cite as: Poorjam, A.H., Jensen, J.R., Little, M.A., Christensen, M.G. (2017) Dominant Distortion Classification for Pre-Processing of Vowels in Remote Biomedical Voice Analysis. Proc. Interspeech 2017, 289-293, DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2017-378.


@inproceedings{Poorjam2017,
  author={Amir Hossein Poorjam and Jesper Rindom Jensen and Max A. Little and Mads Græsbøll Christensen},
  title={Dominant Distortion Classification for Pre-Processing of Vowels in Remote Biomedical Voice Analysis},
  year=2017,
  booktitle={Proc. Interspeech 2017},
  pages={289--293},
  doi={10.21437/Interspeech.2017-378},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2017-378}
}