Reducing Mismatch in Training of DNN-Based Glottal Excitation Models in a Statistical Parametric Text-to-Speech System

Lauri Juvela, Bajibabu Bollepalli, Junichi Yamagishi, Paavo Alku


Neural network-based models that generate glottal excitation waveforms from acoustic features have been found to give improved quality in statistical parametric speech synthesis. Until now, however, these models have been trained separately from the acoustic model. This creates mismatch between training and synthesis, as the synthesized acoustic features used for the excitation model input differ from the original inputs, with which the model was trained on. Furthermore, due to the errors in predicting the vocal tract filter, the original excitation waveforms do not provide perfect reconstruction of the speech waveform even if predicted without error. To address these issues and to make the excitation model more robust against errors in acoustic modeling, this paper proposes two modifications to the excitation model training scheme. First, the excitation model is trained in a connected manner, with inputs generated by the acoustic model. Second, the target glottal waveforms are re-estimated by performing glottal inverse filtering with the predicted vocal tract filters. The results show that both of these modifications improve performance measured in MSE and MFCC distortion, and slightly improve the subjective quality of the synthetic speech.


 DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2017-848

Cite as: Juvela, L., Bollepalli, B., Yamagishi, J., Alku, P. (2017) Reducing Mismatch in Training of DNN-Based Glottal Excitation Models in a Statistical Parametric Text-to-Speech System. Proc. Interspeech 2017, 1368-1372, DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2017-848.


@inproceedings{Juvela2017,
  author={Lauri Juvela and Bajibabu Bollepalli and Junichi Yamagishi and Paavo Alku},
  title={Reducing Mismatch in Training of DNN-Based Glottal Excitation Models in a Statistical Parametric Text-to-Speech System},
  year=2017,
  booktitle={Proc. Interspeech 2017},
  pages={1368--1372},
  doi={10.21437/Interspeech.2017-848},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2017-848}
}