Fast and Accurate OOV Decoder on High-Level Features

Yuri Khokhlov, Natalia Tomashenko, Ivan Medennikov, Aleksei Romanenko


This work proposes a novel approach to out-of-vocabulary (OOV) keyword search (KWS) task. The proposed approach is based on using high-level features from an automatic speech recognition (ASR) system, so called phoneme posterior based ( PPB) features, for decoding. These features are obtained by calculating time-dependent phoneme posterior probabilities from word lattices, followed by their smoothing. For the PPB features we developed a special novel very fast, simple and efficient OOV decoder. Experimental results are presented on the Georgian language from the IARPA Babel Program, which was the test language in the OpenKWS 2016 evaluation campaign. The results show that in terms of maximum term weighted value (MTWV) metric and computational speed, for single ASR systems, the proposed approach significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art approach based on using in-vocabulary proxies for OOV keywords in the indexed database. The comparison of the two OOV KWS approaches on the fusion results of the nine different ASR systems demonstrates that the proposed OOV decoder outperforms the proxy-based approach in terms of MTWV metric given the comparable processing speed. Other important advantages of the OOV decoder include extremely low memory consumption and simplicity of its implementation and parameter optimization.


 DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2017-1367

Cite as: Khokhlov, Y., Tomashenko, N., Medennikov, I., Romanenko, A. (2017) Fast and Accurate OOV Decoder on High-Level Features. Proc. Interspeech 2017, 2884-2888, DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2017-1367.


@inproceedings{Khokhlov2017,
  author={Yuri Khokhlov and Natalia Tomashenko and Ivan Medennikov and Aleksei Romanenko},
  title={Fast and Accurate OOV Decoder on High-Level Features},
  year=2017,
  booktitle={Proc. Interspeech 2017},
  pages={2884--2888},
  doi={10.21437/Interspeech.2017-1367},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2017-1367}
}