Direct Modelling of Magnitude and Phase Spectra for Statistical Parametric Speech Synthesis

Felipe Espic, Cassia Valentini Botinhao, Simon King


We propose a simple new representation for the FFT spectrum tailored to statistical parametric speech synthesis. It consists of four feature streams that describe magnitude, phase and fundamental frequency using real numbers. The proposed feature extraction method does not attempt to decompose the speech structure (e.g., into source+filter or harmonics+noise). By avoiding the simplifications inherent in decomposition, we can dramatically reduce the “phasiness” and “buzziness” typical of most vocoders. The method uses simple and computationally cheap operations and can operate at a lower frame rate than the 200 frames-per-second typical in many systems. It avoids heuristics and methods requiring approximate or iterative solutions, including phase unwrapping.

Two DNN-based acoustic models were built — from male and female speech data — using the Merlin toolkit. Subjective comparisons were made with a state-of-the-art baseline, using the STRAIGHT vocoder. In all variants tested, and for both male and female voices, the proposed method substantially outperformed the baseline. We provide source code to enable our complete system to be replicated.


 DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2017-1647

Cite as: Espic, F., Botinhao, C.V., King, S. (2017) Direct Modelling of Magnitude and Phase Spectra for Statistical Parametric Speech Synthesis. Proc. Interspeech 2017, 1383-1387, DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2017-1647.


@inproceedings{Espic2017,
  author={Felipe Espic and Cassia Valentini Botinhao and Simon King},
  title={Direct Modelling of Magnitude and Phase Spectra for Statistical Parametric Speech Synthesis},
  year=2017,
  booktitle={Proc. Interspeech 2017},
  pages={1383--1387},
  doi={10.21437/Interspeech.2017-1647},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2017-1647}
}