Sequence-to-Sequence Learning via Attention Transfer for Incremental Speech Recognition

Sashi Novitasari, Andros Tjandra, Sakriani Sakti, Satoshi Nakamura


Attention-based sequence-to-sequence automatic speech recognition (ASR) requires a significant delay to recognize long utterances because the output is generated after receiving entire input sequences. Although several studies recently proposed sequence mechanisms for incremental speech recognition (ISR), using different frameworks and learning algorithms is more complicated than the standard ASR model. One main reason is because the model needs to decide the incremental steps and learn the transcription that aligns with the current short speech segment. In this work, we investigate whether it is possible to employ the original architecture of attention-based ASR for ISR tasks by treating a full-utterance ASR as the teacher model and the ISR as the student model. We design an alternative student network that, instead of using a thinner or a shallower model, keeps the original architecture of the teacher model but with shorter sequences (few encoder and decoder states). Using attention transfer, the student network learns to mimic the same alignment between the current input short speech segments and the transcription. Our experiments show that by delaying the starting time of recognition process with about 1.7 sec, we can achieve comparable performance to one that needs to wait until the end.


 DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2019-2985

Cite as: Novitasari, S., Tjandra, A., Sakti, S., Nakamura, S. (2019) Sequence-to-Sequence Learning via Attention Transfer for Incremental Speech Recognition. Proc. Interspeech 2019, 3835-3839, DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2019-2985.


@inproceedings{Novitasari2019,
  author={Sashi Novitasari and Andros Tjandra and Sakriani Sakti and Satoshi Nakamura},
  title={{Sequence-to-Sequence Learning via Attention Transfer for Incremental Speech Recognition}},
  year=2019,
  booktitle={Proc. Interspeech 2019},
  pages={3835--3839},
  doi={10.21437/Interspeech.2019-2985},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2019-2985}
}