Final Lowering Effect in Questions and Statements of Chinese Mandarin Based on a Largescale Natural Dialogue Corpus Analysis

Wei Lai, Ya Li, Hao Che, Shanfeng Liu, Jianhua Tao, Xiaoying Xu


To support text-to-speech with detailed prosody rules and generate natural prosody, the paper studied the pitch variation near the end of sentences based on a Chinese natural dialogue corpus. An additional lowering effect on the last prosodic word was found in both questions and statements, and proved to be independent of tone influence. Nevertheless, this effect, which is referred to as final lowering in other languages, was claimed to be absent in Chinese by some previous experimental studies. The cause of such a contradiction is very likely to be the difference between experimental speech vs. natural speech. Based on this observation, this paper proposed a combination of the two methods in intonation studies, in which experimental speech serves as an entry point to develop new topics, and natural speech serves as a necessary extension to revise and apply prosody rules.


 DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2014-118

Cite as: Lai, W., Li, Y., Che, H., Liu, S., Tao, J., Xu, X. (2014) Final Lowering Effect in Questions and Statements of Chinese Mandarin Based on a Largescale Natural Dialogue Corpus Analysis. Proc. 7th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2014, 653-657, DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2014-118.


@inproceedings{Lai2014,
  author={Wei Lai and Ya Li and Hao Che and Shanfeng Liu and Jianhua Tao and Xiaoying Xu},
  title={{Final Lowering Effect in Questions and Statements of Chinese Mandarin Based on a Largescale Natural Dialogue Corpus Analysis}},
  year=2014,
  booktitle={Proc. 7th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2014},
  pages={653--657},
  doi={10.21437/SpeechProsody.2014-118},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/SpeechProsody.2014-118}
}