ISCA Archive DiSS 2005
ISCA Archive DiSS 2005

Phrase-final rise-fall intonation and disfluency in Japanese - a preliminary study

Jumpei Kaneda

In Japanese conversations, rise-fall intonation with vowel lengthening often occurs on the final syllable of a phrase. This phrase-final rise-fall (PFRF) is a new type of intonation first reported in the 1960Â’s. Researchers consider PFRF intonation a discourse marker which functions to sharpen the phrase boundary and retain the utterance turn, but other phrase-final intonation such as phrase-final lengthening (PFL) can have a similar pattern. PFLs are recognized as a type of disfluent speech with similar characteristics to PFRFs in terms of final-lengthening and having discourse functions. Also from reports about the spontaneity of speech, we assume that PFRFs would have a relation with disfluency, as well as with PFLs. To examine this assumption, this paper attempts to show the co-occurrence relation between PFRF and disfluency in the same utterance. The results show that PFRFs and PFLs have a relation to posterior disfluent units and suggest that both indicate speech planning strategies. Further, this paper speculates that a difference between PFRF and PFL is a difference in the purposes of speech planning: the latter represents ongoing linguistic editing while the former indicates adjusting the utterance according to the interlocutorÂ’s reaction. Disfluencies accordingly occur as effects from processes of speech planning.


Cite as: Kaneda, J. (2005) Phrase-final rise-fall intonation and disfluency in Japanese - a preliminary study. Proc. Disfluency in Spontaneous Speech (DiSS 2005), 109-112

@inproceedings{kaneda05_diss,
  author={Jumpei Kaneda},
  title={{Phrase-final rise-fall intonation and disfluency in Japanese - a preliminary study}},
  year=2005,
  booktitle={Proc. Disfluency in Spontaneous Speech (DiSS 2005)},
  pages={109--112}
}