Table of Contents
[EUROSPEECH'93] Third European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (EUROSPEECH '93), Berlin, Germany, September 22-25, 1993; ISCA Archive, http://www.isca-speech.org/archive/eurospeech_1993
A B C D E F G H IJ K L M N O PQ R S T UV W XYZ
Names written in boldface refer to first authors, in CAPITAL letters to keynote and invited papers. Full papers can be accessed from the abstracts (ISCA members only). Please note that each abstract opens in a separate window.
Applications Articulatory Modelling
Complex Forms of Speech & Speaker Recognition Continuous Speech Recognition Systems
Data Bases Data Bases, Speech Assessment, Noisy Speech
Dialogue Evalution Dialogue Structure Duration Modelling in HMMs
HMM-Based Recognition System Human Factors Hybrid HMMs/ANNs for Speech Recognition
Improved Algorithms for HMMs Language Modelling Large Vocabulary Systems
Letter to Sound and Architecture for TTS MLPs and TDNNs for Speech Recognition
New Architectures for Neural Networks Noise Reduction and Channel Adaption
Noisy Speech and Enhancement Pathological Voice Analysis Perception
Phoneme Classification and Labelling Phonetics Prosody: Analysis and Modelling of F0 Contours
Prosody: Phrasing Prosody: Prosodic Parameter Manipulation Prosody: Rhythm, Style, Emotion
Search Algorithms Segmentation and Labelling Speaker Adaptation and Normalization
Speaker Independence Speaker Recognition Speaker Variability
Speech Analysis, Articulatory Modelling Speech Analysis: Pitch and Prosody
Speech Coding Speech Input/Output Assessment Speech Processing and Coding
Speech Recognition, HMMs, NNs Speech Recognition in Noise
Speech Signal Processing Speech Synthesis
Speech Translation, Language Identification, Parsers
Spoken Language Dialogue Spoken Language Dialogue Application Syntactical Constraints
Synthesis: Articulatory and Source Modelling Synthesis: Sound Generation
Synthesis: Systems, Syntax, Prosody Telecommunication, Application Aspects
Visual Cues Voice Source Analysis and Modelling Word Spotting
Baker, Janet M.: "Dictation, directories, and data bases; emerging PC applications forlarge vocabulary speech recognition", 3-10.
Barry, William / Dalsgaard, Paul: "Speech database annotation. the importance of a multi-lingual approach", 13-20.
Lamel, Lori F. / Gauvain, Jean-Luc: "Identifying non-linguistic speech features", 23-30.
Peckham, Jeremy: "A new generation of spoken dialogue systems: results and lessons from the sundial project", 33-40.
Moore, Roger K.: "Whither a theory of speech pattern processing?", 43-47.
Noll, Peter: "Speech coding for communications", 479-488.
Ney, Hermann: "Modeling and search in continuous speech recognition", 491-498.
Eskenazi, Maxine: "Trends in speaking styles research", 501-509.
Bridle, John S.: "Models of speech recognition; personal perspectives on particular approaches", 513-515.
Lee, Kai-Fu: "The conversational computer: an apple perspective", 1377-1384.
Jekosch, Ute: "Speech quality assessment and evaluation", 1387-1394.
Santen, Jan P. H. van: "Timing in text-to-speech systems", 1397-1404.
Pieraccini, Roberto / Levin, Esther / Vidal, Enrique: "Learning how to understand language", 1407-1412.
Ozawa, Kazunori / Serizawa, Masahiro / Miyano, Toshiki / Nomura, Toshiyuki: "M-LCELP speech coding at bit-rates below 4kbps", 51-54.
Lopez-Gonzalo, Eduardo / Hernandez-Gomez, Luis A.: "Fast vector quantization using neural maps for CELP at 2400bps", 55-58.
Balss, U. / Kipper, U. / Reininger, Herbert / Wolf, Dietrich: "Improving the speech quality of CELP-coders by optimizing the long-term delay determination", 59-62.
Garcia-Mateo, Carmen / Alba-Castro, J. L. / Hernandez-Gomez, Luis A.: "A stochastic speech coder with multi-band long-term prediction", 63-66.
Wery, B. W. M. / Steeneken, Herman J. M.: "Intelligibility evaluation of 4-5 kbps CELP and MBE vocoders: the hermes program experiment", 67-70.
Dymarski, P. / Moreau, N.: "Algorithms for the CELP coder with ternary excitation", 241-244.
Mauc, M. / Baudoin, G. / Jelinek, M.: "Complexity reduction for federal standard 1016 CELP coder", 245-248.
Wuppermann, F. / Antweiler, Christiane / Kappelan, M.: "Objective analysis of the GSM half rate speech codec candidates", 249-252.
Gerson, Ira A. / Jasiuk, Mark A.: "A 5600 BPS VSELP speech coder candidate for half-rate GSM", 253-256.
Kondoz, A. M. / Evans, B. G. / Suddle, M. R.: "A speech coder for TV programme description", 257-260.
Miki, Satoshi / Mano, Kazunori / Ohmuro, Hitoshi / Moriya, Takehiro: "Pitch synchronous innovation CELP (PSI-CELP)", 261-264.
Moreno, Asunción / Fonollosa, José A. R. / Vidal, Josep: "Vocoder design based on HOS", 519-522.
Sedgwick, Nigel: "Emulation of a formant vocoder at 600 and 800 bps", 523-526.
Ma, W. / Kondoz, A. M. / Evans, B. G.: "A pitch synchronized synthesizer for the IMBE vocoder", 527-530.
Dutoit, Thierry / Leich, Henri: "An analysis of the performances of the MBE model when used in the context of a text-to-speech system", 531-534.
Chan, C. F.: "High-quality synthesis of LPC speech using multiband excitation model", 535-538.
Shoham, Yair: "High-quality speech coding at 2.4 kbps based on time-frequency interpolation", 741-744.
Marcato, Luca / Mumolo, Enzo: "Coding of speech signal by fractal techniques", 745-748.
Asanuma, Naomi / Nagabuchi, Hiromi: "A new reference signal for evaluating the quality of speech coded at low bit rates", 749-752.
Ma, Changxue / O'Shaughnessy, Douglas: "A psychophysical study of fourier phase and amplitude coding of speech", 753-756.
Beautemps, Denis / Badin, Pierre / Laboissiere, Rafael: "Recovery of vocal tract midsagittal and area functions from speech signal for vowels and fricative consonants", 73-76.
Narayanan, Shrikanth S. / Alwan, Abeer A.: "Strange attractors and chaotic dynamics in the production of voiced and voiceless fricatives", 77-80.
Nguyen, Noel / Hoole, Philip: "Frequency variations of the lowest main spectral peak in sibilant clusters", 81-84.
Loevenbruck, Helene / Perrier, Pascal: "Vocalic reduction : prediction of acoustic and articulatory variabilities with invariant motor commands", 85-88.
Savariaux, C. / Perrier, Pascal / Orliaguet, J. P.: "Compensating for labial perturbation in a rounded vowel: an acoustic and articulatory study", 89-92.
Sock, Rudolph / Löfqvist, Anders: "Resistance of bilabials /p, b/ to anticipatory labial and mandibular coarticulation from vowel types /i, a, u/", 541-544.
Jomaa, Mounir / Abry, Christian: "Jaw phasings and velocity profiles in arabic", 545-548.
Olesen, Morten: "Derivation of the transfer function for a speech production model including the nasal cavity", 549-552.
Bavegard, Mats / Högberg, Jesper: "Using artificial neural nets to compare different vocal tract models", 553-556.
Foldvik, Arne Kjell / Kristiansen, Ulf / Kvaerness, Jorn: "A time-evolving three-dimensional vocal tract model by means of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)", 557-558.
Schroeter, Juergen / Cranen, Bert: "Physiologically-motivated modeling of the voice source in articulatory analysis/synthesis", 95-98.
Oliveira, Luis C.: "Estimation of source parameters by frequency analysis", 99-102.
Strik, Helmer / Cranen, Bert / Boves, Lou: "Fitting a LF-model to inverse filter signals", 103-106.
Schoentgen, Jean: "Modelling the glottal pulse with a self-excited threshold auto-regressive model", 107-110.
Denzler, J. / Kompe, Ralf / Kießling, Andreas / Niemann, Heinrich / Nöth, Elmar: "Going back to the source: inverse filtering of the speech signal with ANNs", 111-114.
Leandro, Manuel A. / Pardo, Jose M.: "Low cost speaker dependent isolated word speech preselection system using static phoneme pattern recognition", 117-120.
Lamel, Lori F. / Gauvain, Jean-Luc: "High performance speaker-independent phone recognition using CDHMM", 121-124.
Gauvain, Jean-Luc / Lamel, Lori F. / Adda, Gilles / Adda-Decker, M.: "Speaker-independent continuous speech dictation", 125-128.
Schukat-Talamazzini, Ernst G. / Niemann, Heinrich / Eckert, Wieland / Kuhn, T. / Rieck, S.: "Automatic speech recognition without phonemes", 129-132.
Seino, Takashi / Nakagawa, Seiichi: "Spoken language identification using ergodic HMM with emphasized state transition", 133-136.
Apolloni, Bruno / Crivelli, Dario / Amato, Marco: "Neural time warping", 139-142.
Cerf, Philippe Le / Compernolle, Dirk Van: "Speaker independent small vocabulary speech recognition using MLPs for phonetic labeling", 143-146.
Drygajlo, Andrzej: "Multiresolution time-sequency speech processing based on orthogonal wavelet packet pulse forms", 147-150.
Ambikairajah, Eliathamby / Keane, M. / Kilmartin, L. / Tattersall, G.: "The application of the wavelet transform for speech processing", 151-154.
Iwahashi, Naoto / Sagisaka, Yoshinori: "Duration modelling with multiple split regression", 329-332.
Altmann, Gerry T. M. / Young, Duncan: "Factors affecting adaptation to time-compressed speech", 333-336.
Roelands, Marc / Verhelst, Werner: "Waveform similarity based overlap-add (WSOLA) for time-scale modification of speech: structures and evaluation", 337-340.
Wang, Hsiao-Chuan / Pai, Hsiao-Fen: "A study on the weighting factors of two-dimensional cepstral distance measure", 341-344.
Kamp, Yves / Ma, Changxue: "Connection between weighted LPC and higher-order statistics for AR model estimation", 345-347.
Chibelushi, C. C. / Mason, J. S. / Deravi, R.: "Integration of acoustic and visual speech for speaker recognition", 157-160.
Montacie, Claude / Floch, Jean-Luc Le: "Discriminant AR-vector models for free-text speaker verification", 161-164.
Thompson, J. / Mason, J. S.: "Within class optimization of cepstra for speaker recognition", 165-168.
Bimbot, Frédéric / Mathan, Luc: "Text-free speaker recognition using an arithmetic-harmonic sphericity measure", 169-172.
Moreno, Asunción / Poch, Dolors / Bonafonte, Antonio / Lleida, Eduardo / Llisterri, Joaquim / Marino, Jose B. / Nadeu, Climent: "Albayzin speech database: design of the phonetic corpus", 175-178.
Ribeiro, Carlos / Trancoso, Isabel / Serralheiro, Antonio: "A software tool for speech collection, recognition and reproduction", 179-182.
Karjalainen, Matti / Altosaar, Toomas: "An object-oriented database for speech processing", 183-186.
Chan, Dominic S. F. / Fourcin, Adrian J.: "Automatic annotation using multi-sensor data", 187-190.
Draxler, Christoph / Tillmann, Hans G. / Eisen, Barbara: "Prolog tools for accessing the phondat database of spoken German", 191-194.
Jekosch, Ute: "Cluster-similarity: a useful database for speech processing", 195-198.
Castagneri, G. / Fabbrizio, G. Di / Massone, A. / Oreglia, M.: "SIRVA - a large speech database collected on the Italian telephone network", 199-201.
Steeneken, Herman J. M. / Verhave, J. A. / Houtgast, Tammo: "Objective assessment of speech communication systems; introduction of a software based procedure", 203-206.
Danielsen, Sven W.: "Enhanced direct assessment of speech input systems within the SAM-a esprit project", 207-210.
Nicolas, Pascale / Romeas, Pascal: "Evaluation of prosody in the French version of multilingual text-to-speech synthesis: neutralising segmental information in preliminary tests", 211-214.
Saliu, Sokol / Kasuya, Hideki / Endo, Yasuo / Kikuchi, Yoshinobu: "A clinical voice evaluation system", 215-218.
Wrench, Alan A. / Jackson, M. S. / Jack, Mervyn A. / Soutar, D. S. / Robertson, A. G. / MacKenzie, J. / Laver, John: "A speech therapy workstation for the assessment of segmental quality: voiceless fricatives", 219-222.
Salavedra, Josep M. / Masgrau, Enrique / Moreno, Asunción / Jove, Xavier: "A speech enhancement system using higher order ar estimation in real environments", 223-226.
Bouquin, R. Le / Faucon, G. / Akbariazirani, A.: "Proposal of a composite measure for the evaluation of noise cancelling methods in speech processing", 227-230.
Crozier, P. M. / Cheetham, B. M. G. / Holt, C. / Munday, E.: "The use of linear prediction and spectral scaling for improving speech enhancement", 231-234.
Sorensen, Helge B. D. / Hartmann, Uwe: "Robust speaker-independent speech recognition using non-linear spectral subtraction based IMELDA", 235-238.
Vieregge, Willem H. / Broeders, A. P. A.: "Intra- and interspeaker variation of /r/ in dutch", 267-270.
Tronnier, Mechtild / Dantsuji, Masatake: "An acoustic approach to fricatives in Japanese and German", 271-274.
Viana, M. Céu / Trancoso, Isabel / Ribeiro, Carlos / Andrade, Amalia / d'Andrade, Ernesto: "The relationship between spelled and spoken portuguese: implications for speech synthesis and recognition", 275-278.
Schmidt, M. / Fitt, S. / Scott, C. / Jack, Mervyn A.: "Phonetic transcription standards for european names (ONOMASTICA)", 279-282.
Andersen, Ove / Dalsgaard, Paul / Barry, William: "Data-driven identification of poly- and mono-phonemes for four european languages", 759-762.
Hunnicutt, Sheri / Meng, Helen / Seneff, Stephanie / Zue, Victor W.: "Reversible letter-to-sound sound-to-letter generation based on parsing word morphology", 763-766.
Moore, Jan / Roach, Peter: "The role of context in the automatic recognition of stressed syllables", 767-770.
Young, Duncan / Altmann, Gerry T. M. / Cutler, Anne / Norris, Dennis: "Metrical structure and the perception of time-compressed speech", 771-774.
Pasdeloup, Valerie / Morais, José / Kolinsky, Régine: "Are stress and phonemic string processed separately? evidence from speech illusions", 775-778.
Son, Rob J. J. H. van / Pols, Louis C. W.: "Vowel identification as influenced by vowel duration and formant track shape", 285-288.
Goldenthal, William D. / Glass, James R.: "Modelling spectral dynamics for vowel classification", 289-292.
Stamenkovic, Milan / Bakran, Juraj / Tancig, Peter / Miletic, Marijan: "Perceptive and spectral volumes of synthesized and natural vowels", 293-296.
Gubrynowicz, Ryszard / Wrzoskowicz, Adam: "Labeller - a system for automatic labelling of speech continuous signal", 297-300.
Andersson, Ake / Broman, Holger: "Towards automatic speech-to-text alignment", 301-304.
Suaudeau, Nelly / Andre-Obrecht, Regine: "Sound duration modelling and time-variable speaking rate in a speech recognition system", 307-310.
Jones, M. / Woodland, Phil C.: "Using relative duration in large vocabulary speech recognition", 311-314.
Gong, Yifan / Treurniet, William C.: "Duration of phones as function of utterance length and its use in automatic speech recognition", 315-318.
Forsyth, M. E. / Jack, Mervyn A.: "Duration modelling and multiple codebooks in semi-continuous HMMs for speaker verification", 319-322.
Hochberg, Michael M. / Silverman, Harvey F.: "Constraining model duration variance in HMM-based connected-speech recognition", 323-326.
Tuerk, Christine / Robinson, Tony: "A new frequency shift function for reducing inter-speaker variance", 351-354.
Ono, Yoshio / Wakita, Hisashi / Zhao, Yunxin: "Speaker normalization using constrained spectra shifts in auditory filter domain", 355-358.
Zhao, Yunxin: "Self-learning speaker adaptation based on spectral variation source decomposition", 359-362.
Kosaka, Tetsuo / Willems, Edward / Takami, Jun-Ichi / Sagayama, Shigeki: "A dynamic approach to speaker adaptation of hidden Markov networks for speech recognition", 363-366.
Knohl, Lars / Rinscheid, Ansgar: "Speaker normalization and adaptation based on feature-map projection", 367-370.
Leeuw, Marcel de / Caelen, Jean: "Pitch synchronous calculation of acoustic cues using a cochlea model", 373-376.
McLaughlin, Stephen / Lowry, Andrew: "Nonlinear dynamical systems concepts in speech analysis", 377-380.
Klaassen, Arno J.: "Grouping of acoustical events using cable neurons and the theory of neuronal group selection", 381-384.
Gransden, I. R. / Beet, S. W.: "Computationally efficient methods of calculating instantaneous frequency for auditory analysis", 385-388.
Cutugno, Francesco / Maturi, Pietro: "Analysing connected speech with wavelets: some Italian data", 389-392.
Marasek, Krzysztof: "Speech transients analysis using AR-smoothed wigner-ville distribution", 393-396.
Pitermann, Michel / Caelen, Jean: "Comparison of the variability of formants and formant targets using dynamic modeling", 397-400.
Schoentgen, Jean / Azami, Zoubir: "Pitch-synchronous formant extraction by means of a compound auto-regressive model", 401-404.
Teston, Bernard: "A new air flowmeter design for the investigation of speech production", 405-408.
Magno Caldognetto, Emanuela / Vagges, Kyriaki / Ferrigno, Giancarlo / Zmarich, Claudio: "Articulatory dynamics of lips in Italian /'vpv/ and /'vbv/ sequences", 409-412.
Elgendy, Ahmed M.: "Restricted distribution of pharyngeal segments: acoustical or mechanical constraints?", 413-416.
Payan, Yohan / Perrier, Pascal: "Vowel normalization by articulatory normalization first attemps for vowel transitions", 417-420.
Miki, Nobuhiro / Kamiyama, Naohisa / Nagai, Nobuo: "Synthesis and analysis of vocal source with vibration of larynx", 421-424.
Znagui, Imad / Boudelaa, Sami: "Towards an acoustic-phonetic classification of modern standard arabic vowels", 425-427.
Marchal, Alain / Meunier, Christine: "Divers' speech: variable encoding strategies", 429-432.
Aguilar, L. / Blecua, B. / Machuca, M. / Mann, R.: "Phonetic reduction processes in spontaneous speech", 433-436.
Ganguli, N. R.: "Spectral characteristics of fricative sound", 437-440.
Bonastre, Jean-Francois / Meloni, Henri: "Automatic speaker recognition and analytic process", 441-444.
Duez, Danielle: "Second formant locus-nucleus patterns in French and Swedish", 445-447.
Meunier, Christine: "Temporal organisation of segments and sub-segments in consonant clusters.", 449-452.
Betari, Abdelkader / Bulot, Remy: "Automatic recognition of arabic stop consonants", 453-456.
Torres, I. / Iparraguirre, P.: "Acoustic-phonetic decoding of Spanish occlusive consonants", 457-460.
Christov, Philip: "Normalized vowel system representation for comparative phonetic studies", 461-464.
Thilly, Cécile: "Influence of prevocalic consonant on vowel duration in French CV[p] utterances", 465-468.
Czigler, Peter: "Temporal variation in consonant clusters in Swedish", 469-471.
Jassem, Wiktor: "Discriminant analysis of continuous consonantal spectra", 473-476.
Rooney, Edmund / Eckert, Miriam / Hiller, Steven / Vaughan, Rebecca / Laver, John: "Training consonants in a computer-aided system for pronunciation teaching", 561-564.
Miksic, Andrej / Horvat, Bogomir: "Rhythm analysis of speech and music signals", 565-568.
Laan, Gitta P.M. / Bergem, Dick R. van: "The contribution of pitch contour, phoneme durations and spectral features to the character of spontaneous and read aloud speech", 569-572.
Garrido, Juan M. / Llisterri, Joaquim / Mota, Carme de la / Rios, Antonio: "Prosodic differences in reading style: isolated vs. contextualized sentences", 573-576.
Vroomen, Jean / Collier, Rene / Mozziconacci, Sylvie: "Duration and intonation in emotional speech", 577-580.
Ayer, C. M. / Hunt, Melvyn J. / Brookes, D. M.: "A discriminatively derived linear transform for improved speech recognition", 583-586.
Saerens, Marco: "Hidden Markov models assuming a continuous-time dynamic emission of acoustic vectors", 587-590.
Vaseghi, Saeed V. / Conner, P. N. / Milner, Ben P.: "Speech modelling using cepstral-time feature matrices", 591-594.
Abe, Yoshiharu / Nakajima, Kunio: "A bounded transition hidden Markov model for continuous speech recognition", 595-598.
Moyal, Ami / Cohen, Arnon: "Speaker independent phoneme recognition using a heuristic search", 599-602.
Class, F. / Kaltenmeier, A. / Regel-Brietzmann, Peter: "Optimization of an HMM - based continuous speech recognizer", 803-806.
Aerens, Marco S. / Bourlard, Hervé: "Linear and nonlinear prediction for speech recognition with hidden Markov models", 807-810.
Lokbani, M. N. / Jouvet, D. / Monne, J.: "Segmental post-processing of the n-best solutions in a speech recognition system", 811-814.
Matsuoka, Tatsuo / Lee, Chin-Hui: "A study of on-line Bayesian adaptation for HMM-based speech recognition", 815-818.
Maxwell, B. A. / Woodland, Phil C.: "Hidden Markov models using shared vector linear predictors", 819-822.
Omologo, M. / Svaizer, P.: "Talker localization and speech enhancement in a noisy environment using a microphone array based acquisition system", 605-608.
Kobayashi, Takao / Kanno, Toshio / Imai, Satoshi: "Generalized cepstral modeling of speech degraded by additive noise", 609-612.
Bakamidis, Stylianos / Carayannis, George: "Noise quality improvement through SVD equalization", 613-616.
Xie, Fei / Compernolle, Dirk Van: "Speech enhancement by nonlinear spectral estimation - a unifying approach", 617-620.
Kroschel, Kristian / Lange, Keld: "Subband array processing for speech enhancement", 621-624.
Pean, Vincent / Williams, Sheila / Eskenazi, Maxine: "The design and recording of icy, a corpus for the study of intraspeaker variability and the characterisation of speaking styles#", 627-630.
Ljolje, Andrej: "Speaker clustering for improved speech recognition", 631-634.
Heuvel, Henk van den / Cranen, Bert / Rietveld, A. C. M.: "Speaker-variability in spectral bands of dutch vowel segments", 635-638.
Itahashi, Shuichi / Tanaka, Kimihito: "A method of classification among Japanese dialects", 639-642.
Hernandez-Mendez, J. A. / Figueiras-Vidal, Anibal R.: "Measuring similarities among speakers by means of neural networks", 643-646.
Rangoussi, Maria / Bakamidis, Stylianos / Carayannis, George: "Robust endpoint detection of speech in the presence of noise", 649-652.
Angelini, B. / Brugnara, F. / Falavigna, D. / Giuliani, D. / Gretter, R. / Omologo, M.: "Automatic segmentation and labeling of English and Italian speech databases", 653-656.
Farhat, Azarshid / Perennou, Guy / Andre-Obrecht, Regine: "A segmental approach versus a centisecond one for automatic phonetic time-alignment", 657-660.
Heroaez, I. / Barandiaran, J. / Monte, E. / Etxebarria, B.: "A segmentation algorithm based on acoustical features using a self organizing neural network", 661-663.
Cosi, Piero: "SLAM: segmentation and labelling automatic module", 665-668.
Heise, Christian / Bothe, Hans-H.: "Phone and syllable segmentation by concurrent window modules", 669-672.
Eisen, Barbara: "Reliability of speech segmentation and labelling at different levels of transcription", 673-676.
Bergem, Dick R. van: "On the perception of acoustic and lexical vowel reduction", 677-680.
Ooyen, Brit van / Cutler, Anne / Bertinetto, Pier Marco: "Click detection in Italian and English", 681-684.
Nix, Andrew / Gaskell, Gareth / Marslen-Wilson, William: "Phonological variation and mismatch in lexical access", 685-688.
Zon, Monique van / Gelder, Beatrice de: "Perception of word boundaries by dutch listeners", 689-692.
Bonneau, Anne / Djezzar, Linda / Laprie, Yves: "Perception of French stop bursts, implications for stop identification", 693-696.
Kacic, Zdravko / Horvat, Bogomir: "Using isofrequency neural column for harmonic sound scene decomposition", 697-700.
Datta, A. K.: "Do ear perceive vowel through formants?", 701-704.
Vyas, Trupti / Pont, Michael J. / Mashari, Seyed J.: "Speech recognition using auditory models and neural networks", 705-708.
Ma, Changxue / Kohlrausch, Armin: "The influence of temporal processes on spectral masking patterns of harmonic complex tones and vowels", 709-712.
Kuwabara, Hisao: "Temporal effect on the perception of continuous speech and a possible mechanism in the human auditory system", 713-716.
Jones, Edward / Ambikairajah, Eliathamby: "Comparison of various adaptation mechanisms in an auditory model for the purpose of speech processing", 717-720.
Vartanian, I. A. / Chernigovskaya, T. V.: "Sensory-motor manifestations of speech-hearing interaction", 721-723.
Chernigovskaya, T. V. / Vartanian, I. A. / Tokareva, T. I.: "Syllable perception: lateralization of native and foreign languages", 725-726.
Pont, Michael J.: "Simulation of short-latency auditory evoked potentials: a pilot study", 727-730.
Kolinsky, Regine / Morais, Jose: "Intermediate representations in spoken word recognition: a cross-linguistic study of word illusions", 731-734.
Cao, Jianfen: "Time - varing manner on formant trajectories of Chinese diphthongs", 735-738.
Gong, Yifan / Haton, Jean-Paul: "Iterative transformation and alignment for speech labeling", 1759-1762.
Hübener, Kai / Hauenstein, Andreas: "Controlling search in segmentation lattices of speech signals", 1763-1766.
Shimodaira, Hiroshi / Nakai, Mitsuru: "Accent phrase segmentation using transition probabilities between pitch pattern templates", 1767-1770.
Reichl, W. / Ruske, Günther: "Syllable segmentation of continuous speech with artificial neural networks", 1771-1774.
Blomberg, Mats / Carlson, Rolf: "Labelling of speech given its text representation", 1775-1778.
Bosch, Louis F. M. ten: "On the automatic classification of pitch movements", 781-784.
Jensen, U. / Moore, Roger K. / Dalsgaard, Paul / Lindberg, Borge: "Modelling of intonation contours at the sentence level using CHMMs and the 1961 o'connor and arnold scheme", 785-788.
Taylor, Paul: "Automatic recognition of intonation from F0 contours using the rise/fall/connection model", 789-792.
Geoffrois, Edouard: "A pitch contour analysis guided by prosodic event detection", 793-796.
Demenko, Grazyna / Nowak, Ignacy / Imiolczyk, Janusz: "Analysis and synthesis of pitch movements in a read polish text", 797-800.
Ainsworth, William A. / Meyer, G. F.: "Noise adaptation: speech recognition by auditory models and human listeners", 825-828.
Nolazco Flores, J. A. / Young, Steve J.: "Adapting a HMM-based recogniser for noisy speech enhanced by spectral subtraction", 829-832.
Kobayashi, Tetsunori / Mine, Ryuji / Shirai, Katsuhiko: "Speech recognition under the unstationary noise based on the noise Markov model and spectral-subtraction", 833-836.
Gales, M. J. F. / Young, Steve J.: "HMM recognition in noise using parallel model combination", 837-840.
Buniet, Laurent / Fohr, Dominique / Anglade, Yolande / Junqua, Jean-Claude / Pierrel, Jean-Marie: "Selectively trained neural networks for connected word recognition in noisy environments", 841-844.
Angelini, B. / Brugnara, F. / Falavigna, D. / Giuliani, D. / Gretter, R. / Omologo, M.: "A baseline of a speaker independent continuous speech recognizer of Italian", 847-850.
Bahl, L. R. / Souza, P. V. de / Gopalakrishnan, P. S. / Nahamoo, D. / Picheny, Michael: "Word lookahead scheme for cross-word right context models in a stack decoder", 851-854.
Grayden, David B. / Scordilis, Michael S.: "Recognition of obstruent phonemes in speaker-independent fluent speech using a hierarchical approach", 855-858.
Plannerer, Bernd / Ruske, Günther: "A continuous speech recognition system using phonotactic constraints", 859-862.
Ouadou, M. / Rajouani, A. / Zyoute, M. / Rosenfeld, J. / Najim, M.: "Joint arabic-hebrew speech synthesis system", 865-868.
Lopez-Gonzalo, Eduardo / Olaszy, Gabor / Nemeth, Geza: "Improvements of the Spanish version of the multivox text-to-speech system", 869-872.
Ljungqvist, Mats / Fujisaki, Hiroya: "Generating intonation for Swedish text-to-speech conversion using a quantitative model for the F0 contour", 873-876.
Meyer, P. / Rühl, Hans-Wilhelm / Krüger, R. / Kugler, M. / Vogten, L. L. M. / Dirksen, A. / Belhoula, Karim: "PHRITTS - a text-to-speech synthesizer for the German language", 877-880.
Belhoula, Karim: "Rule-based grapheme-to-phoneme conversion of names", 881-884.
Murray, Iain R. / Black, Morag M.: "A prototype text-to-speech system for scottish gaelic", 885-887.
Imiolczyk, Janusz / Nowak, Ignacy / Demenko, Grazyna: "A text-to-speech system for polish", 889-892.
Macchi, Marian / Altom, Mary Jo / Kahn, Dan / Singhal, Sharad / Spiegel, Murray F.: "Intelligibility as a function of speech coding method for template-based speech synthesis", 893-896.
Gaved, Maggie: "Pronunciation and text normalisation in applied text-to-speech systems", 897-900.
House, Jill / MacDermid, Catriona / McGlashan, Scott / Simpson, Andrew / Youd, Nick: "Evaluating synthesised prosody in simulations of an automated telephone enquiry service", 901-904.
Morton, Katherine / Tatham, Marcel: "Speech synthesis in dialogue systems", 905-908.
Abadjieva, Elissaveta / Murray, Iain R. / Arnott, John L.: "Applying analysis of human emotional speech to enhance synthetic speech", 909-912.
Lewis, Eric / Tatham, Marcel: "A generic front end for text-to-speech synthesis systems", 913-916.
Luk, Robert W. P. / Damper, Robert I.: "Experiments with silent-e and affix correspondences in stochastic phonographic transduction", 917-920.
Fries, Georg: "Phoneme-dependent speech synthesis in the time and frequency domains", 921-924.
Karlsson, Inger / Neovius, Lennart: "Speech synthesis experiments with the glove synthesiser", 925-928.
Kraft, Volker: "Auditory detection of discontinuities in synthesis-by-concatenation", 929-932.
Lee, Yun-Keun / Ahn, Seung-Kwon: "Effects of the phase jitters on naturalness of synthesized speech", 933-936.
Williams, Briony: "Letter-to-sound rules for the welsh language", 937-940.
Müller, Christel / Runge, Fred: "Dialogue design principles - key for usability of voice processing", 943-946.
Dybkjaer, Hans / Bernsen, Niels Ole / Dybkjaer, Laila: "Wizard-of-oz and the trade-off between naturalness and recogniser constraints", 947-950.
Jones, Cerian / Garigliano, Roberto: "Dialogue analysis and generation: a theory for modelling natural English dialogue", 951-954.
MacDermid, Catriona: "Features of naive callers' dialogues with a simulated speech understanding and dialogue system", 955-958.
Duermael, Fabrice / Gaiffe, Bertrand: "Refering to actions in man-machine command dialogues", 959-962.
Yamashita, Yoichi / Mizoguchi, Riichiro: "Next utterance prediction based on two kinds of dialog models", 1161-1164.
Andemach, T. / Deville, G. / Mortier, L.: "The design of a real world wizard of oz experiment for a speech driven telephone directory information system", 1165-1168.
Young, Sheryl R.: "Dialog structure and plan recognition in spontaneous spoken dialog", 1169-1172.
Hirschberg, Julia / Nakatani, Christine: "A speech-first model for repair identification in spoken language systems", 1173-1176.
Young, Sheryl R. / Ward, Wayne: "Recognition confidence measures for spontaneous spoken dialog", 1177-1179.
Zhao, R. / Kenny, P. / Labute, P. / O'Shaughnessy, Douglas: "Issues in large scale statistical language modeling", 965-968.
Garigliano, Roberto / Johnson, Kevin / Collingham, Russell J.: "A data-driven case for a spontaneous speech grammar", 969-972.
Kneser, Reinhard / Ney, Hermann: "Improved clustering techniques for class-based statistical language modelling", 973-976.
Wright, J. H. / Jones, G. J. F. / Lloyd-Thomas, H.: "A consolidated language model for speech recognition", 977-980.
McCandless, Michael K. / Glass, James R.: "Empirical acquisition of word and phrase classes in the atis domain", 981-984.
Chiang, Tung-Hui / Su, Keh-Yih: "The effects of parameter smoothing on robust learning in syntactic ambiguity resolution", 1183-1186.
Vidal, Enrique / Pieraccini, Roberto / Levin, Esther: "Learning associations between grammars: a new approach to natural language understanding", 1187-1190.
Jardino, Michele / Adda, Gilles: "Language modelling for CSR of large corpus using automatic classification of words", 1191-1194.
Lucke, Helmut: "Inference of stochastic context-free grammar rules from example data using the theory of Bayesian belief propagation", 1195-1198.
Witschel, Petra: "Constructing linguistic oriented language models for large vocabulary speech recognition", 1199-1202.
Banga, Eduardo R. / Garcia-Mateo, Carmen: "New frequency domain prosodic modification techniques", 987-990.
Wang, H. D. / Degryse, D. / Carrara, Fabrizio: "A prosody modification approach for auditory user feedback in the spell pronunciation teaching system", 991-994.
Takagi, Tohru / Miyasaka, Eiichi: "A speech prosody conversion system with a high quality speech analysis-synthesis method", 995-998.
Swerts, Marc / Collier, Rene: "On the perceived serial position of discourse units", 999-1002.
Bagshaw, Paul C. / Hiller, Steven / Jack, Mervyn A.: "Enhanced pitch tracking and the processing of F0 contours for computer aided intonation teaching", 1003-1006.
Tadj, Chakib / Poirier, Franck: "Improved DVQ algorithm for speech recognition: a new adaptive learning rule with neurons annihilation", 1009-1012.
Sasaki, Taro / Kitamura, Tadashi / Iwata, Akira: "Speaker-independent 212 word recognition using combNET-II", 1013-1016.
Castano, M. A. / Vidal, Enrique / Casacuberta, Francicso: "Learning direct acoustic-to-semantic mappings through simple recurrent networks", 1017-1020.
Vaseghi, Saeed V. / Milner, Ben P.: "Noise-adaptive hidden Markov models based on wiener filters", 1023-1026.
Wong, K. F. / Leung, S. H. / Ng, H. C.: "Noisy speech recognition using singular value decomposition and two-sided linear prediction", 1027-1030.
Martin, Franck / Shikano, Kiyohiro / Minami, Yasuhiro: "Recognition of noisy speech by composition of hidden Markov models", 1031-1034.
Gao, Yuqing / Haton, Jean-Paul: "Noise reduction and speech recognition in noise conditions tested on LPNN-based continuous speech recognition system", 1035-1038.
Trompf, Michael / Richter, Ralf / Eckhardt, Harald / Hackbarth, Heidi: "Combination of distortion-robust feature extraction and neural noise reduction for ASR", 1039-1042.
Mokbel, C. / Monné, J. / Jouvet, D.: "On-line adaptation of a speech recognizer to variations in telephone line conditions", 1247-1250.
Wittmann, Matthias / Schmidbauer, Otto / Aktas, Abdulmesih: "Online channel compensation for robust speech recognition", 1251-1254.
Alexandre, Patrice / Boudy, Jerome / Lockwood, Philip: "Evaluation of car noise reduction/compensation techniques for digit recognition in a speaker-independent context", 1255-1258.
Brancaccio, A. / Pelaez, C.: "Experiments on noise reduction techniques with robust voice detector in car environment", 1259-1262.
Nakamura, Satoshi / Akabane, Toshio / Hamaguchi, Seiji: "Robust word spotting in adverse car environments", 1045-1048.
Rose, Richard C.: "Definition of subword acoustic units for wordspotting", 1049-1052.
Kiyama, Jiro / Itoh, Yoshiaki / Oka, Ryuichi: "Spontaneous speech recognition by sentence spotting", 1053-1056.
Jeanrenaud, P. / Ng, K. / Siu, M. / Rohlicek, J.R. / Gish, H.: "Phonetic-based word spotter: various configurations and application to event spotting", 1057-1060.
Imamura, Akihiro / Kitai, Mikio: "An application of word-spotting in a voice activated service entry system", 1061-1064.
Lleida, Eduardo / Marino, Jose B. / Salavedra, Josep M. / Bonafonte, Antonio / Monte, E. / Martinez, A.: "Out-of-vocabulary word modelling and rejection for keyword spotting", 1265-1268.
O'Kane, M. J. / Kenne, P. E.: "Word and phrase spotting with limited training", 1269-1272.
Boite, Jean-Marc / Bourlard, Hervé / D'hoore, Bart / Haesen, Marc: "A new approach towards keyword spotting", 1273-1276.
Alvarez-Cercadillo, J. / Hernandez-Gomez, Luis A.: "Grammar learning and word spotting using recurrent neural networks", 1277-1280.
Okawa, Shigeki / Kobayashi, Tetsunori / Shirai, Katsuhiko: "Word spotting in conversational speech based on phonemic unit likelihood by mutual information criterion", 1281-1284.
Dohnal, F.: "Generalized frequency domain adaptive filter for acoustic echo canceller", paper 1067.
Crestel, J. / Guitton, M.: "Estimation of speech signal classification features in a simulated hyperbaric environment", 1069-1072.
Pollak, Petr / Sovka, Pavel / Uhlir, Jan: "Noise suppression system for a car", 1073-1076.
Heitkamper, Peter / Walker, Michael: "Adaptive gain control and echo cancellation for hands-free telephone systems", 1077-1080.
Campbell, W. Nick: "Predicting segmental durations for accommodation within a syllable-level timing framework", 1081-1084.
Fjallbrant, Tore / Mekuria, Fisseha / Amirijoo, Shahrokh: "A filtersank based on physiologically measured characteristics in an auditory model for speech signal processing", 1085-1088.
Jean, Fu-Rong / Kuo, Chih-Chung / Wang, Hsiao-Chuan: "Spectral sensitivity weighted transform coding for LSP parameters", 1089-1092.
Martin, Rainer: "An efficient algorithm to estimate the instantaneous SNR of speech signals", 1093-1096.
Mauuary, L. / Monne, J.: "Speech/non-speech detection for voice response systems", 1097-1100.
Osipov, Alexander / Zentsov, Vladimir: "Time-spectral approach to compiling speech reconstruction", 1101-1104.
Haigh, J. A. / Mason, J. S.: "A voice activity detector based on cepstral analysis", 1105-1106.
Paulus, Jürgen / Antweiler, Christiane / Gerlach, Christian G.: "High quality coding of wideband speech at 24 kbit/s", 1107-1110.
Dia, H. / Feng, Gang / Mahieux, Y.: "A 32 kbit/s wideband speech coder based on transform coding", 1111-1114.
Gottesman, Oded / Shoham, Yair: "Realtime implementation of high-quality 32 kbps wideband LD-CELP coder", 1115-1118.
Popescu, A. / Vicard, D. / Druilhe, F.: "A fixed-point implementation of the 16 kb/s LD-CELP speech coding algorithm", 1119-1122.
Gerlach, Christian G.: "Optimality of sequential quantization in analysis-by-synthesis speech codecs", 1123-1126.
Kastantin, Radwan / Feng, Gang: "A sub-band MPLPC coder for high quality speech coding at 16 kbit/s", 1127-1130.
Mumolo, Enzo / Rebelli, Alessio: "Optimal multepulse excitation determination by simulated annealing", 1131-1134.
Law, K. W. / Chan, C. F.: "Split vector quantization of the LPC parameters using weighted lattice structure", 1135-1138.
Bruhn, Stefan: "A new approach to noiseless interframe coding of LPC parameters in vector quantizer applications", 1139-1142.
Svendsen, Torbjörn: "Efficient quantization of speech spectral information", 1143-1146.
Feldes, Stefan: "Enhancing robustness of coded LPC-spectra to channel errors by use of residual redundancy", 1147-1150.
Atungsiri, S. A. / Kondoz, A. M. / Evans, B. G.: "Multi-rate source and channel coding for mobile communication systems", 1151-1154.
Moriya, Takehiro / Miki, Satoshi / Mano, Kazunori / Ohmuro, Hitoshi: "Training method of the excitation codebook for CELP", 1155-1158.
Bruce, Gösta / Granström, Björn / Gustafson, Kjell / House, David: "Phrasing strategies in prosodic parsing and speech synthesis", 1205-1208.
Strangert, Eva / Strangert, Bo: "Prosody in the perception of syntactic boundaries", 1209-1210.
Pijper, Jan Roelof de / Sanderman, Angelien: "Prosodic cues to the perception of constituent boundaries", 1210-1214.
Grabe, Esther / Hoist, Tara / Nolan, Francis / Warren, Paul: "Acoustic cues to syntactic structure - evidence from prosodic and segmental effects", 1215-1218.
Beaugendre, Frédéric / Lacheret-Dujour, Anne: "Automatic generation of French intonation based on a perceptual study and morpho-syntactic information", 1219-1222.
Zahorian, Stephen A. / Nossair, Zaki B. / Norton III, Claude A.: "A partitioned neural network approach for vowel classification using smoothed time/frequency features", 1225-1228.
Kitamura, Tadashi: "Speaker-independent 100 word recognition using dynamic spectral features of speech and a neural network", 1229-1232.
Zhu, Ming / Fellbaum, Klaus: "Speaker independent isolated word recognition using vector quantization and neural networks", 1233-1236.
Elenius, Kjell O. E. / Traven, Hans G. C.: "Multi-layer perceptrons and probabilistic neural networks for phoneme recognition", 1237-1240.
Blackburn, C. S. / Vonwiller, Julie P. / King, R. W.: "Automatic accent classification using artificial neural networks", 1241-1244.
Huckvale, Mark: "The benefits of tiered segmentation for the recognition of phonetic properties", 1473-1476.
Lubensky, David M.: "Generalized context-dependent phone modeling using artificial neural networks", 1477-1480.
Hild, Hermann / Waibel, Alex: "Speaker-independent connected letter recognition with a multi-state time delay neural network", 1481-1484.
Bodenhausen, Ulrich / Waibel, Alex: "Tuning by doing: flexibility through automatic structure optimization", 1485-1488.
Windheuser, Christoph / Bimbot, Frédéric: "Phonetic features for spelled letter recognition with a time delay neural network", 1489-1492.
Bappert, Veronika / Jobst, Matthias: "Training of a time-delay neural network for speech recognition by solving stiff differential equations", 1493-1496.
Sagayama, Shigeki / Takami, Jun-ichi / Nagai, Akito / Singer, Harald / Yamaguchi, Kouichi / Ohkura, Kzumi / Kita, Kenji / Kurematsu, Akira: "ATREUS: a speech recognition front-end for a speech translation system", 1287-1290.
Morimoto, Tsuyoshi / Takezawa, Toshiyuki / Yato, Fumihiro / Sagayama, Shigeki / Tashiro, Toshihisa / Nagata, Masaaki / Kurematsu, Akira: "ATR's speech translation system: ASURA", 1291-1294.
Woszczyna, Monika / Coccaro, N. / Eisele, A. / Lavie, A. / McNair, A. / Polzin, T. / Rogina, Ivica / Rose, C. P. / Sloboda, Tilo / Tomita, M. / Tsutsumi, J. / Aoki-Waibel, N. / Waibel, Alex / Ward, Wayne: "Recent advances in JANUS: a speech translation system", 1295-1298.
Rayner, Manny / Bretan, Ivan / Carter, David / Collins, Michael / Digalakis, Vassilios / Gamback, Bjorn / Kaja, Jaan / Karlgren, Jussi / Lyberg, Bertil / Pulman, Stephen / Price, Patti / Samuelsson, Christer: "Spoken language translation with MID-90's technology: a case study", 1299-1302.
Hazen, Timothy J. / Zue, Victor W.: "Automatic language identification using a segment-based approach", 1303-1306.
Muthusamy, Yeshwant / Berkling, Kay / Arai, Takayuki / Cole, Ronald / Barnard, Etienne: "A comparison of approaches to automatic language identification using telephone speech", 1307-1310.
Cheng, Ying / Normandin, Yves / Fortier, Paul: "Integration of neural networks and robust parsers in natural language understanding", 1311-1314.
Dauchy, Pierre / Mignot, Christophe / Valot, Claude: "Joint speech and gesture analysis some experimental results on multimodal interface", 1315-1318.
Hirose, Keikichi / Asano, Yasuharu: "Generation of speech reply in the speech response system", 1319-1322.
Dermatas, Evangelos / Kokkinakis, George: "A fast multilingual probabilistic tagger", 1323-1326.
Murakami, Jin'ichi / Yamatomo, Hiroki / Sagayama, Shigeki: "The possibility for acquisition of statistical network grammar using ergodic HMM", 1327-1330.
Millien, Evelyne / Kuhn, Roland: "A robust analyzer for spoken language understanding", 1331-1334.
Dutton, R. T. / Foster, John C. / Jack, Mervyn A. / Stentiford, F. W.: "Identifying usability attributes of automated telephone services", 1335-1338.
Hunt, Andrew: "Utilising prosody to perform syntactic disambiguation", 1339-1342.
Hiller, Steven / Rooney, Edmund / Leffevre, Jean-Paul / Jack, Mervyn A.: "Spell: an automated system for computer-aided pronunciation teaching", 1343-1346.
Rooney, Edmund / Vaughan, Rebecca / Hiller, Steven / Carraro, Fabrizio / Laver, John: "Training vowel pronunciation using a computer-aided teaching system", 1347-1350.
Zajicek, Mary / Brownsey, Ken: "Methods for traversing a pre-recorded speech message network to optimise dialogue in telephone answering systems", 1351-1354.
Hanes, Roger / Salter, Jo / Popay, Paul / Hedley, Frances: "Service creation tools for creating speech interactive services", 1355-1358.
Hirschberg, Julia / Terken, Jacques: "Deaccentuation and persistence of grammatical function and surface position", 1359-1362.
Euler, Stefan / Riedel, K.: "Design and implementation of a speech server for unix based multimedia applications", 1363-1366.
Goodine, David / Zue, Victor W.: "Romaine: a lattice based approach to lexical access", 1367-1370.
Albina, Toffee A. / Bernstein, Erica G. / Goblirsch, David M. / Lake, Douglas E.: "A system for clustering spoken documents", 1371-1374.
Vergeynst, Nathalie A. / Edwards, Keith / Foster, John C. / Jack, Mervyn A.: "Spoken dialogues for human-computer interaction over the telephone: complexity measures", 1415-1418.
Hirschman, Lynette / Pao, Christine: "The cost of errors in a spoken language system", 1419-1422.
Simpson, Andrew / Eraser, Norman M.: "Black box and glass box evaluation of the SUNDIAL system", 1423-1426.
Delogu, Cristina / Carlo, Andrea Di / Sementina, Ciro / Stecconi, Silvia: "A methodology for evaluating human-machine spoken language interaction", 1427-1430.
Morin, Philippe / Junqua, Jean-claude: "Error correction and ambiguity resolution in multimodal man-machine dialogue", 1431-1434.
Castaing, Marie-Franoise / True-Martini, Dominique: "Analysis of the speaker and operator behaviours", 1437-1439.
Ginestel-Mailland, Alix de / Calmes, Martine de / Perennou, Guy: "Multi-level transcription of speech corpora from orthographic forms", 1441-1444.
Ljolje, Andrej / Riley, Michael D.: "Automatic segmentation of speech for TTS", 1445-1448.
Boeffard, O. / Cherbonnel, B. / Emerard, F. / White, S.: "Automatic segmentation and quality evaluation of speech unit inventories for concatenation-based, multilingual PSOLA text-to-speech systems", 1449-1452.
Coile, Bert Van: "On the development of pronunciation rules for text-to-speech synthesis", 1455-1458.
Daelemans, Walter / Bosch, Antal van den: "Tabtalk: reusability in data-oriented grapheme-to-phoneme conversion", 1459-1462.
Lindström, Anders / Ljungqvist, Mats / Gustafson, Kjell: "A modular architecture supporting multiple hypotheses for conversion of text to phonetic and linguistic entities", 1463-1466.
Iles, Jon / Edmondson, William: "The use of a non-linear model for text-to-speech conversion", 1467-1470.
Wieringen, Astrid van / Cullen, John K. / Pols, Louis C. W.: "The perceptual relevance of CV- and VC- transitions in identifying stop consonants: cross-language results", 1499-1502.
Heuven, Vincent J. van / Jongenburger, Willy: "Perceptual effects of place and voicing assimilation in dutch consonants", 1503-1506.
Ooyen, Brit van: "Detection of vowels and consonants by human listeners: effects of minimising auditory memory load", 1507-1510.
Bailly, Gerard: "Resonances as possible representation of speech in the auditory-to-articulatory transform", 1511-1514.
Goedemans, Rob / Heuven, Vincent J. van: "A perceptual explanation of the weightlessness of the syllable onset", 1515-1518.
Bocchieri, Enrico: "A study of the beam-search algorithm for large vocabulary continuous speech recognition and methods for improved efficiency", 1521-1524.
Fissore, L. / Giachin, E. / Laface, Pietro / Massafra, P.: "Using grammars in forward and backward search", 1525-1528.
Fink, Gernot A. / Kummert, Franz / Sagerer, Gerhard / Seestaedt, Bernd: "Robust interpretation of speech", 1529-1532.
Hetherington, I. Lee / Phillips, Michael S. / Glass, James R. / Zue, Victor W.: "A* word network search for continuous speech recognition", 1533-1536.
Lacouture, Roxane / Normandin, Yves: "Efficient lexical access strategies", 1537-1540.
Torres, I. / Casacuberta, Francisco: "Multiple codebook Spanish phone recognition using semicontinuous hidden Markov models", 1543-1546.
Bonafonte, Antonio / Ros, Xavier / Marifio, Jose B.: "An efficient algorithm to find the best state sequence in HSMM", 1547-1550.
Acero, Alex / Crespo, C. / Torre, C. de la / Torrecilla, J. C.: "Robust HMM-based endpoint detector", 1551-1554.
Galiano, Isabel / Casacuberta, Francisco: "Experiments on Spanish phone recognition using automatically derived phonemic baseforms", 1555-1558.
Nakagawa, Seiichi / Suzuki, Hideyuki / Zhao, Li: "Evaluation of VQ-distortion based HMM", 1559-1562.
Song, Jianming: "Continuous HMM for word spotting and rejection of non vocabulary word in speech recognition over telephone networks", 1563-1566.
Huo, Qiang / Chaw, Chorkin / Lee, Chin-Hui: "Bayesian learning of the parameters of discrete and tied mixture HMMs for speech recognition", 1567-1570.
Fink, Gernot A. / Kummert, Franz / Sagerer, Gerhard / Schukat-Talamazzini, Ernst G.: "Speech recognition using semantic hidden Markov networks", 1571-1574.
Downey, Simon / Russell, Martin / Nowell, Peter / Bijl, David / Galloway, Kirsta / Ponting, Keith: "Experiments in vocabulary independent speech recognition using phoneme decision trees", 1575-1578.
Gales, M. J. F. / Young, Steve J.: "Segmental hidden Markov models", 1579-1582.
Wang, Xue / Bosch, Louis F. M. ten / Pols, Louis C. W.: "Impact of dimensionality and correlation of observation vectors in HMM-based speech recognition", 1583-1586.
Class, F. / Kaltenmeier, A. / Regel-Brietzmann, Peter: "Evaluation of an HMM speech recognizer with various continuous speech databases", 1587-1590.
Wrzoskowicz, Adam: "Hidden Markov models for noisy speech recognition", 1591-1594.
Tsoukalas, D. E. / Mourjopoulos, J. / Kokkinakis, George: "Neural network speech enhancer utilizing masking properties", 1595-1598.
Castro, Maria J. / Perez, Juan C.: "Comparison of geometric, connections and structural techniques on a difficult isolated word recognition task", 1599-1602.
Mellouk, A. / Gallinari, P. / Rauscher, F.: "Prediction and discrimination in neural networks for continuous speech recognition", 1603-1606.
Ran, Shuping / Millar, J. Bruce: "Two schemes of phonetic feature extraction using artificial neural networks", 1607-1610.
Petek, Bojan / Ferligoj, Anuska: "On use of discriminant analysis in predictive connectionist speech recognition", 1611-1614.
Russell, N. H. / Fallside, Frank / Prager, R. W.: "Non-linear time compression for lexical access", 1615-1618.
Brierton, Richard / Sedgwick, Nigel: "Talker enrollment for speech recognition by synthesis", 1619-1622.
Takeda, Kauzya / Inoue, Naomi / Kuroiwa, Shingo / Konuma, Tomohiro / Yamamoto, Seiichi: "Improving robustness of network grammar by using class HMM", 1623-1626.
Elliott, J. A. / Forsyth, M. E. / McInnes, F. R. / Ramsey, N. W.: "Parallelising k-means clustering on distributed memory MIMD computers", 1627-1630.
Berenyi, P. / Vicsi, Klára: "On the proper sub-word unit inventory for CSR", 1631-1634.
Deng, Li / Sun, Don: "Speech recognition using the atomic speech units constructed from overlapping articulatory features", 1635-1638.
Siohan, Olivier / Gong, Yifan / Haton, Jean-Paul: "A Bayesian approach to phone duration adaptation for lombard speech recognition", 1639-1642.
Hernando, J. / Marino, Jose B. / Nadeu, Climent: "Multiple multilabeling to improve HMM-based speech recognition in noise", 1643-1646.
Richter, Lutoslawa / Domagaia, Piotr: "Discrimination of polish stop consonants based on mapped techniques", 1647-1650.
Eckert, Wieland / McGlashan, Scott: "Managing spoken dialogues for information services", 1653-1656.
Heisterkamp, Paul: "Ambiguity and uncertainty in spoken dialogue", 1657-1660.
Gerbino, Elisabetta / Danieli, Morena: "Managing dialogue in a continuous speech understanding system", 1661-1664.
Lefebvre, P. / Duncan, G. / Poirier, Franck: "Speaking with computers: a multimodal approach", 1665-1668.
Morin, Philippe / Junqua, Jean-Claude: "Habitable interaction in goal-oriented multimodal dialogue systems", 1669-1672.
Nielsen, Jorn Stern / Baungaard, Bo: "Test of voice quality on ATM based equipment", 1675-1678.
Klaus, Harald / Klix, H. / Sotscheck, Jochem / Fellbaum, Klaus: "An evaluation system for ascertaining the quality of synthetic speech based on subjective category rating tests", 1679-1682.
Mariniak, Arnd: "A global framework for the assessment of synthetic speech without subjects", 1683-1686.
Neovius, Lennart / Raghavendra, Parimala: "Comprehension of KTH text-to-speech with "listening speed" paradigm", 1687-1690.
Tillmann, Hans G. / Pompino-Marschall, Bernd: "Theoretical principles concerning segmentation, labelling strategies and levels of categorical annotation for spoken language database systems", 1691-1694.
Wyard, Peter: "The comparative assessment of commercial speech recognisers", 1881-1884.
Riccio, A. / Ceglie, F. / Brancaccio, A.: "Reliable assessment of speech recognisers for telephone environment", 1885-1888.
Garnier-Rizet, Martine: "Evaluation of a rule-based text-to-speech system for French at the segmental level", 1889-1892.
Delogu, Cristina / Paoloni, Andrea / Ridolfi, P. / Vagges, Kyriaki: "Intelligibility of speech produced by text-to-speech synthesizers over the orthophonic and telephonic channel", 1893-1896.
Spiegel, Murray F.: "Using the ORATOR® synthesizer for a public reverse-directory service: design, lessons, and recommendations", 1897-1900.
Grau, Sophie / d'Alessandro, Christophe / Richard, Gael: "A speech formant synthesizer based on harmonic + random formant-waveforms representations", 1697-1700.
Hauptmann, Alexander G.: "SPEAKEZ: a first experiment in concatenation synthesis from a large corpus", 1701-1704.
Kerkhoff, J. / Boves, Lou: "Designing control rules for a serial pole-zero vocal tract model", 1705-1708.
Nakajima, Shin'ya: "English speech synthesis based on multi-layered context oriented clustering; towards multi-lingual speech synthesis", 1709-1712.
Tuerk, Christine / Robinson, Tony: "Speech synthesis using artificial neural networks trained on cepstral coefficients", 1713-1716.
Renals, Steve / MacKay, David: "Bayesian regularisation methods in a hybrid MLP-HMM system", 1719-1722.
Schmid, P. / Cole, Ronald / Fanty, M. / Bourlard, Hervé / Haessen, M.: "Real-time, neural network-based, French alphabet recognition with telephone speech", 1723-1726.
Rigoll, Gerhard: "Joint optimization of multiple neural codebooks in a hybrid connectionist-HMM speech recognition system", 1727-1729.
Kurimo, Mikko: "Using LVQ to enhance semi-continuous hidden Markov models for phonemes", 1731-1734.
Aibar, Pablo / Casacuberta, Francisco: "An improvement of the two-level DP matching algorithm using k-NN techniques for acoustic-phonetic decoding", 1735-1738.
Bourlard, Hervé / Boite, Jean-Marc / D'Hoore, Bart / Saerens, Marco: "Performance comparison of hidden Markov models and neural networks for task dependent and independent isolated word recognition", 1925-1928.
Haffner, Patrick: "Connectionist speech recognition with a global MMI algorithm", 1929-1932.
Boiteau, Denys / Haffner, Patrick: "Connectionist segmental post-processing of the n-best solutions in isolated and connected word recognition task", 1933-1936.
Martens, Jean-Pierre / Vorstermans, Annemie / Cremelie, Nick: "A new dynamic programming/multi-layer perceptron hybrid for continuous speech recognition", 1937-1940.
Robinson, Tony / Almeida, L. / Boite, Jean-Marc / Bourlard, Hervé / Fallside, Frank / Hochberg, Michael M. / Kershaw, D. / Kohn, P. / Konig, Y. / Morgan, Nelson / Neto, J. P. / Renals, Steve / Saerens, Marco / Wooters, C.: "A neural network based, speaker independent, large vocabulary, continuous speech recognition system: the WERNICKE project", 1941-1944.
Bothe, Hans-H. / Rieger, Frauke / Tackmann, Robert: "Visual coarticulation effects in syllable environment", 1741-1744.
Shadle, Christine H. / Carter, J. N. / Monks, T. P. / Field, J.: "Depth measurement of face and palate by structured light", 1745-1748.
Boe, Louis-Jean / Kandel, Sonia / Chappelet, Annie / Lallouache, Tahar: "Visiolab: a multimedia environment for the study of bimodal speech perception", 1749-1752.
Robert-Ribes, Jordi / Lallouache, Tahar / Escudier, Pierre / Schwartz, Jean-Luc: "Integrating auditory and visual representations for audiovisual vowel recognition", 1753-1756.
Baungaard, Bo / Nielsen, Jorn Stern: "Speech recognition over packetized voice systems", 1781-1784.
Jenkins, I. W. G.: "Voice applications on BT's derived services network", 1785-1788.
Magadur, Jean-Yves / Gavignet, Frédéric / Andry, Francois / Charpentier, Francis: "A French oral dialogue system for flight reservations over the telephone", 1789-1792.
Kuroiwa, Shingo / Takeda, Kazuya / Inoue, Naomi / Nogaito, Izuru / Yamamoto, Seiichi / Shouzakai, Makoto / Owa, Kunihiko / Takahashi, Masahiko / Matsumoto, Ryuuji: "A voice-activated extension telephone exchange system", 1793-1796.
Ortel, William C. G. / Yashchin, Dina: "The VOIS project in retrospect", 1797-1800.
Lleida, Eduardo / Marino, Jose B. / Moreno, Arturo: "TELEMACO - a real time keyword spotting application for voice dialling", 1801-1804.
Wyard, Peter: "The relative importance of the factors affecting recogniser performance with telephone speech", 1805-1808.
Burger, Thomas / Schultheiß, Ulrich: "A robust acoustic echo canceller for a hands-free voice-controlled telecommunication terminal", 1809-1812.
Hart, J. E. / Naylor, P. A. / Tanrikulu, O.: "Polyphase allpass IIR structures for sub-band acoustic echo cancellation", 1813-1816.
Monaghan, James / Cheepen, Christine: "Speech input systems and their effect on written language skills", 1817-1820.
Olaszy, Gabor / Nemeth, Geza: "Voxaid: an interactive speaking communication aid software for the speech impaired", 1821-1824.
Hartmann, U. / Hermansen, K. / Fink, F. K.: "Feature extraction for profoundly deaf people", 1825-1828.
Hauenstein, Alfred: "Architecture of a 10,000 word real time speech recognizer", 1829-1832.
Hermann, Thomas / Eckhardt, Harald / Trompf, Michael / Hackbarth, Heidi: "A noise-robust real-time word recognition hardware module", 1833-1836.
Koo, Myoung-Wan: "KARS: a speaker-independent, vocabulary-independent speech recognition system", 1837-1840.
McInnes, F. R. / Elliott, J. A. / Ramsey, N. W. / Forsyth, M. E. / Sutherland, A. M. / Jack, Mervyn A.: "A parallel processing keyword recogniser for police national computer enquiries", 1841-1844.
Paoloni, Andrea / Svendsen, Torbjörn / Kaspar, B. / Johnston, Denis / Hult, Gunnar: "Cost232: speech recognition over the telephone line", 1845-1848.
Hazan, Valerie / Shi, Bo: "Individual variability in the perception of synthetic speech", 1849-1852.
Ludovic, Ye. K. / Pilipenko, V. V. / Tseitlin, G. E. / Nagornaya, L. I. / Terzian, T.: "Speech recognition system and its application for blind PC users", 1853-1855.
Music, Bradley / Povlsen, Claus: "The NLP module of a spoken language dialogue system for Danish flight reservations", 1859-1862.
Clementino, D. / Fissore, L.: "A man-machine dialogue system for speech access to train timetable information", 1863-1866.
Blomberg, Mats / Carlson, Rolf / Elenius, Kjell O. E. / Granström, Björn / Gustafson, Joakim / Hunnicutt, Sheri / Lindell, Roger / Neovius, Lennart: "An experimental dialogue system: waxholm", 1867-1870.
Eckert, Wieland / Kuhn, T. / Niemann, Heinrich / Rieck, S. / Scheuer, A. / Schukat-Talamazzini, Ernst G.: "A spoken dialogue system for German intercity train timetable inquiries", 1871-1874.
Labropoulou, Kyriaki / Fakotakis, Nikos: "A telephone banking system based on HMM keyword recognition", 1875-1878.
Lewin, Ian / Russell, Martin / Carter, David / Browning, Sue / Ponting, Keith / Pulman, Stephen: "A speech-based route enquiry system built from general-purpose components", 2047-2050.
Yang, Changwen / O'Shaughnessy, Douglas: "The inks ATIS system and its n-best interface", 2051-2054.
Nitta, T. / Masai, Y. / Iwasaki, J. / Tanaka, S. / Karwo, Bi / Matsu'ura, H.: "A multimodal directory guidance system with an interactive mechanism", 2055-2058.
Bonneau-Maynard, H. / Gauvain, Jean-Luc / Goodine, David / Lamel, Lori F. / Polifroni, Joseph / Seneff, Stephanie: "A French version of the MIT-ATIS system: portability issues", 2059-2062.
Glass, James R. / Goodine, David / Phillips, Michael / Sakai, Shinsuke / Seneff, Stephanie / Zue, Victor W.: "A bilingual Voyager system", 2063-2066.
Kröger, Bernd J.: "A gestural approach for controlling an articulatory speech synthesizer", 1903-1906.
Boersma, Paul: "An articulatory synthesizer for the simulation of consonants", 1907-1910.
Carlson, Rolf / Nord, Lennart: "Vowel dynamics in a text-to-speech system some considerations", 1911-1914.
Frehr, Ida / Elmlund, Marianne / Nielsen, Henrik: "Improving the spectral balance of digital speech synthesis applied to a female, synthetic voice", 1915-1918.
Ishikawa, Yasushi / Ebihara, Tadashi / Nakajima, Kunio: "A new model of excitation for text-to-speech synthesis", 1919-1922.
Charpillet, Francois / Martino, Joseph Di: "A level-building top-down parsing algorithm for context-free grammars in continuous speech recognition", 1947-1949.
Collingham, Russell J. / Garigliano, Roberto: "Using anti-grammar and semantic categories for the recognition of spontaneous speech", 1951-1954.
Isotani, Ryosuke / Sagayama, Shigeki: "Speech recognition using particle n-grams and content-word n-grams", 1955-1958.
Dupont, Pierre: "Dynamic use of syntactical knowledge in continuous speech recognition", 1959-1962.
Plante, Fabrice / Borel, Jocelyne / Berger-Vachon, Christian / Kauffmann, Isabelle: "Acoustic detection of laryngeal diseases in children", 1965-1968.
Deliyski, Dimitar D.: "Acoustic model and evaluation of pathological voice production", 1969-1972.
Kasuya, Hideki / Endo, Yasuo / Saliu, Sokol: "Novel acoustic measurements of jitter and shimmer characteristics from pathological voice", 1973-1976.
Krom, Guus de: "An experiment involving the consistency and reliability of voice quality ratings for different types of speech fragments", 1977-1980.
Nord, Lennart / Hammarberg, Britta / Lundstrom, Elisabet: "Laryngectomee speech in noise - voice effort and intelligibility", 1981-1984.
Horvei, Berit / Ottesen, Georg / Stensby, Sveire: "Analysing prosody by means of a double tree structure", 1987-1990.
Caelen-Haumont, Genevičve: "Prosody and discourse interpretation", 1991-1994.
Epitropakis, George / Tambakas, D. / Fakotakis, Nikos / Kokkinakis, George: "Duration modelling for the greek language", 1995-1998.
Epitropakis, George / Yiourgalis, Nickolas / Kokkinakis, George: "Prosody control of TTS-systems based on linguistic analysis", 1999-2002.
Kompe, Ralf / Kießling, Andreas / Kuhn, T. / Mast, Marion / Niemann, Heinrich / Nöth, Elmar / Ott, K. / Batliner, Anton: "Prosody takes over: a prosodically guided dialog system", 2003-2006.
Langlais, P. / Meloni, Henri: "Integration of a prosodic component in an automatic speech recognition system", 2007-2010.
Horne, Merle / Filipsson, Marcus / Ljungqvist, Mats / Lindström, Anders: "Referent tracking in restricted texts using a lemmatized lexicon: implications for generation of intonation", 2011-2014.
Bannert, Robert: "Perceptual significance of focus accent in spoken Swedish", 2015-2016.
Montresor, Silvio / Baudry, Marc: "Pitch estimation of speech signal with the wavelet transform", 2017-2020.
Rheem, Jae Yeol / Bae, Myung Jin / Ann, Sou Guil: "A spectral AMDF method for pitch extraction of noise-corrupted speech", 2021-2024.
Yang, Gao / Leich, Henri: "A reliable postprocessor for pitch determination algorithms", 2025-2028.
Meyer, G. F. / Ainsworth, William A.: "Vowel pitch period extraction by models of neurones in the mammalian brain-stem", 2029-2032.
Schoentgen, Jean / Guchteneere, Raoul de: "Auto-regressive linear models of jitter", 2033-2036.
Wei, Jianing / Howells, David / Faulkner, Andrew / Fourcin, Adrian: "Larynx period detection methods in speech pattern hearing AIDS", 2037-2040.
Bezooijen, Renee van: "Fundamental frequency of dutch women: an evaluative study", 2041-2044.
Fujisaki, Hiroya / Ohno, Sumio / Nasuno, Hideki / Hirose, Keikichi: "Proposal and implementation of a spoken word recognizer using utterance normalization and multiple templates on a single VLSI chip", 2069-2072.
Strong, Robert: "CASPER: a speech interface for the macintosh", 2073-2076.
Ellermann, Claudia / Even, Stijn Van / Huang, Caroline / Manganaro, Linda: "Dragon systems' experiences in small to large vocabulary multi-lingual speech recognition applications", 2077-2080.
Jouvet, D. / Lokbani, M. N. / Monne, J.: "Application of the n-best solutions algorithm to speaker-independent spelling recognition over the telephone", 208-2084.
Braun, Jerome / Mazor, Baruch: "Language based approach to system control in speech recognition systems", 2085-2088.
Balestri, Marcello / Lazzaretto, Stefano / Salza, Pier Luigi / Sandri, Stefano: "The CSELT system for Italian text-to-speech synthesis", 2091-2094.
Alissali, Mamoun / Bailly, Gerard: "COMPOST: a client-server model for applications using text-to-speech systems", 2095-2098.
Traber, Christof: "Syntactic processing and prosody control in the SVOX TTS system for German", 2099-2102.
Prevost, Scott / Steedman, Mark: "Using context to specify intonation in speech synthesis", 2103-2106.
Abe, Masanobu / Sato, Hirokazu: "Statistical analysis of the acoustic and prosodic characteristics of different speaking styles", 2107-2110.
Hayamizu, Satoru / Itou, Katunobu / Tanaka, Kazuyo: "Detection of unknown words in large vocabulary speech recognition", 2113-2116.
Kenny, P. / Labute, P. / Li, Z. / Hollan, R. / Lennig, M. / O'Shaughnessy, Douglas: "A very fast method for scoring phonetic transcriptions", 2117-2120.
Hetherington, I. Lee / Zue, Victor W.: "New words: implications for continuous speech recognition", 2121-2124.
Steinbiss, Volker / Ney, Hermann / Haeb-Umbach, Reinhold / Iran, B.-H. / Essen, U. / Kneser, Reinhard / Oerder, M. / Meier, H.-G. / Aubert, X. / Dugast, Christian / Geller, D. / Hollerbauer, W. / Bartosik, H.: "The Philips research system for large-vocabulary continuous-speech recognition", 2125-2128.
Minami, Yasuhiro / Shikano, Kiyohiro / Yamada, Tomokazu / Matsuoka, Tatsuo: "Very-large-vocabulary continuous speech recognition algorithm for telephone directory assistance", 2129-2132.
Matsunaga, Shoichi / Yamada, Tomokazu / Shikano, Kiyohiro: "Dictation system using inductively auto-generated syntax", 2135-2138.
Antoene, Jean-Yves / Caillaud, Bertrand / Caelen, Jean: "Syntax-semantics cooperation in micro: a multi-agent speech understanding system", 2139-2142.
Hwang, M. Y. / Alleva, F. / Huang, X.: "Senones, multi-pass search, and unified stochastic modeling in sphinx-II", 2143-2146.
Issar, Sunil / Ward, Wayne: "CMLPs robust spoken language understanding system", 2147-2150.
Sakai, Shinsuke / Phillips, Michael: "J-SUMMIT: Japanese spontaneous speech recognition", 2151-2154.
Bellegarda, Jerome R. / Kanevsky, Dimitri: "A new interface paradigm: automatic recognition of integrated speech and handwriting information", 2157-2160.
Rudnicky, Alexander I.: "Factors affecting choice of speech over keyboard and mouse in a simple data-retrieval task", 2161-2164.
Basson, Sara / Yashchin, Dina / Kalyanswamy, Ashok / Silverman, Kim: "Comparing synthesizers for name and address provision: field trial results", 2165-2168.
Silverman, Kim / Kalyanswamy, Ashok / Silverman, Julie / Basson, Sara / Yashchin, Dina: "Synthesiser intelligibility in the context of a name-and-address information service", 2169-2172.
Marzi, Ruth: "Enhancing user acceptance at the managerial workplace", 2173-2175.
Suhm, B. / Woszczyna, Monika / Waibel, Alex: "Detection and transcription of new words", 2179-2182.
Jimenez, Victor M. / Marzal, Andres / Vidal, Enrique: "Efficient enumeration of sentence hypotheses in connected word recognition", 2183-2186.
O'Shaughnessy, Douglas: "Locating disfluencies in spontaneous speech: an acoustical analysis", 2187-2190.
Nguyen, Roselyne / Smaili, Kamel / Haton, Jean-Paul / Perennou, Guy: "Integration of phonological knowledge in a continuous speech recognition system", 2191-2194.
Dumouchel, Pierre / O'Shaughnessy, Douglas: "Prosody and continuous speech recognition", 2195-2198.
Bergmann, H. / Hamer, H.-H. / Noll, A. / Paeseler, A. / Tomaschewski, H.: "Spoken-language processing for restricted domains: a sublanguage approach", 2199-2202.
Young, Steve J. / Woodland, Phil C.: "The use of state tying in continuous speech recognition", 2203-2206.
Woodland, Phil C. / Young, Steve J.: "The HTK tied-state continuous speech recogniser", 2207-2210.
Devillers, Laurence / Dugast, Christian: "Combination of training criteria to improve continuous speech recognition", 2211-2214.
Zlokarnik, Igor: "Experiments with an articulatory speech recognizer", 2215-2218.
Antoniol, Giuliano / Cettolo, Mauro / Federico, Marcello: "Techniques for robust recognition in restricted domains", 2219-2221.
Mouria, Feriel / Gong, Yifan / Haton, Jean-Paul: "Use of explicit context-dependent phonemic model in continuous speech recognition", 2223-2226.
Gong, Yifan: "Base transformation for environment adaptation in continuous speech recognition", 2227-2230.
Mazor, Baruch / Feng, Ming-Whei: "Improved a-posteriori processing for keyword spotting", 2231-2234.
Ortega-Garcia, J. / Paez-Borrallo, J. M. / Hernandez-Gomez, Luis A.: "Single and multi-channel speech enhancement for a word spotting system", 2235-2238.
Ney, Hermann / Essen, Ute: "Estimating 'small' probabilities by leaving-one-out", 2239-2242.
Young, Sheryl R. / Ward, Wayne: "Semantic and pragmatically based re-recognition of spontaneous speech", 2243-2246.
Hildebrandt, Bernd / Fink, Gernot A. / Kummert, Franz / Sagerer, Gerhard: "Modeling of time constituents for speech understanding", 2247-2250.
Matousek, Vaclav: "Phonetic segmentation method for the continuous czech speech recognition", 2251-2254.
Hauptmann, Alexander G. / Chase, Lin L. / Mostow, Jack: "Speech recognition applied to reading assistance for children: a baseline language model", 2255-2258.
Weenink, David J. M. / Pols, Louis C. W.: "Modelling speaker normalization by adapting the BIAS in a neural net", 2259-2262.
Artieres, T. / Gallinari, P.: "Neural models for extracting speaker characteristics in speech modelization systems", 2263-2266.
Zinke, J.: "Influence of pattern compression on speaker verification", 2267-2270.
Schiel, Florian: "A comparative study of speaker adaptation under realistic conditions", 2271-2274.
Irvine, D. A. / Owens, F. J.: "A comparison of speaker recognition techniques for telephone speech", 2275-2278.
Veth, Johan de / Gallopyn, Guido / Bourlard, Hervé: "Speaker verification over telephone channels based on concatenated phonemic hidden Markov models", 2279-2282.
Cox, Stephen: "Speaker adaptation using a predictive model", 2283-2286.
Sun, Z. P. / Mason, J. S.: "Combining features via LDA in speaker recognition", 2287-2290.
Elvira, J. M. / Carrasco, R. A.: "Neural networks for speech and speaker recognition through a digital telephone exchange", 2291-2294.
Homayounpour, M. Mehdi / Goldman, J. Philippe / Chollet, Gérard / Vaissičre, Jacqueline: "Performance comparison of machine and human speaker verification", 2295-2298.
Hannah, M. I. / Sapeluk, A. T. / Damper, Robert I. / Roger, I. M.: "The effect of utterance length and content on speaker-verifier performance", 2299-2302.
Lipeika, Antanas / Lipeikiene, Joana: "The use of pseudostationary segments for speaker identification", 2303-2306.
Federico, A. / Paoloni, Andrea: "Bayesian decision in the speaker recognition by acoustic parametrization of voice samples over telephone lines", 2307-2310.