Sixth European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology

Budapest, Hungary
September 5-9, 1999

Hyper-Articulated Speech: Auditory and Visual Intelligibility

Denis Beautemps, Pascal Borel, Sébastien Manolios

Institut de la Communication Parlée, CNRS ESA 5009, INPG/Univ Stendhal, Grenoble, France

In the field of speech adaptability to environmental conditions, the intelligibility of hyper auditory and visual speech versus normal speech was investigated. The « Lombard » reflex was used to obtain auditory sequences produced with vocal effort for a set of French /b, d, g, p, t, k/ plosives. Analysis of plosive identifications showed an improvement with the auditory hyper condition in the plosive place of articulation for dentals and velars. Instruction to produce hyper-visual speech provided hyper-articulated labial movements for a set of French /a, i, y/ vowels and /b, v, z, J, l, r/ consonants. Analysis of visual identification scores showed a gain for the hyper-visual condition on the /i/ versus /a/ contrast, but to the detriment of identification of lip movement for consonants - results which were moreover confirmed by the lip shape analysis.

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Bibliographic reference.  Beautemps, Denis / Borel, Pascal / Manolios, Sébastien (1999): "Hyper-articulated speech: auditory and visual intelligibility", In EUROSPEECH'99, 109-112.