Sixth European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology
This paper describes the development of a three-dimensional articulatory vocal tract model at KTH. The model represents vocal and nasal tract walls, lips, teeth and tongue as parameterised polygon surfaces. This allows the geometry of the vocal tract to be set with a small number of articulatory parameters. As the cross-sectional areas in addition are given directly from the vocal tract geometry, the model is suitable for articulatory synthesis in 3D. The second field of application is pronunciation training, where the model can provide visual feedback to hearing-impaired children and adult second language learners. A 3D model can improve both articulatory and visual speech synthesis as it provides information lacking in the 2D models traditionally used. Correctness of the model will increase with the amount of articulatory data incorporated, as exemplified by this paperís description of the method to improve the tongue model.
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Bibliographic reference. Engwall, Olov (1999): "Modeling of the vocal tract in three dimensions", In EUROSPEECH'99, 113-116.