Sixth European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology
Several different acoustic transforms of the speech signal are compared for use in the assessment and evaluation of concatenative speech synthesis. The transforms tested include LPC, LSP, MFCC, bispectrum, Mellin transform of the log spectrum, Wigner-Ville distribution (WVD), etc. The computed distances between a synthesised utterance and a naturally spoken version of the same sentence are compared by correlation with perceptually-based scores obtained from a MOS evaluation. The results show that the distances computed using the bispectrum have the highest degree of correlation with the MOS score. Both the RMFCC and the LPC outperform the MFCC and the LPCC. The WVD-based cepstrum is found to behave poorly in this task.
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Bibliographic reference. Chen, Jing-Dong / Campbell, Nick (1999): "Objective distance measures for assessing concatenative speech synthesis", In EUROSPEECH'99, 611-614.