Sixth European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology
In large-vocabulary, speaker-independent speech recognition systems, modeling of vocabulary words by subword units is mandatory. This paper studies the use of triphone units for Mandarin speech recognition compared to biphone and context-independent phonetic units. In order to solve unseen triphones in speech recognition, decision-tree based clustering is used in triphone units. This method achieves high recognition performance with limited training data and also reduces the model training time. The robustness and effectiveness of the cross-word, tree-based triphone units have been proved by the speaker-independent continuous Mandarin speech recognition task. The training computation time reduces by about 2.3 times after tying states for triphone models, the recognition syllable accuracy increases 28.7% compared to monophone units and by 13.5% compared to biphone units.
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Bibliographic reference. Liu, Yi / Fung, Pascale (1999): "Decision tree-based triphones are robust and practical for mandarian speech recognition", In EUROSPEECH'99, 895-898.