Sixth European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology
(EUROSPEECH'99)

Budapest, Hungary
September 5-9, 1999

Missing Data Theory, Spectral Subtraction and Signal-to-Noise Estimation for Robust ASR: An Integrated Study

Ascension Vizinho, Phil Green, M. Cooke, Ljubomir Josifovski

Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, UK

In the missing data approach to robust Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR), time-frequency regions which carry reliable speech information are identified. Recognition is then based on these regions alone. In this paper, we address the problem of identifying reliable regions and propose two criteria to solve this based on negative energy and SNR. These criteria are evaluated on the TIDigits corpus for several noise sources and compared with spectral subtraction. We show that in this task the missing data method performs considerably better than spectral subtraction and the combination of the two techniques outperforms either technique used alone. We report robust performance at 0dB SNR for car noise and 10dB SNR for factory noise.


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Bibliographic reference.  Vizinho, Ascension / Green, Phil / Cooke, M. / Josifovski, Ljubomir (1999): "Missing data theory, spectral subtraction and signal-to-noise estimation for robust ASR: an integrated study", In EUROSPEECH'99, 2407-2410.