ISCA Archive Eurospeech 2001
ISCA Archive Eurospeech 2001

How visual co-presence and joint attention shape speaking

Susan E. Brennan

When people in conversation refer to things, they achieve a joint focus of attention that enables them to be confident that they are both talking about the same thing. When they cannot see one another, such as over a telephone, they must use verbal means to do so. For instance, they may reuse the same expression upon repeated referring, marking the mutual belief that they have achieved a joint perspective; this process has been called entrainment. In contrast, when they can see one another, such as when they are physically co-present in the same environment, they can use visual evidence and deictic (pointing) strategies to formulate and ground references to objects. In this way, visual co-presence shapes conversation.


Cite as: Brennan, S.E. (2001) How visual co-presence and joint attention shape speaking. Proc. 7th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (Eurospeech 2001), K11-12

@inproceedings{brennan01_eurospeech,
  author={Susan E. Brennan},
  title={{How visual co-presence and joint attention shape speaking}},
  year=2001,
  booktitle={Proc. 7th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (Eurospeech 2001)},
  pages={K11-12}
}