EUROSPEECH 2001 Scandinavia
Perceptual and acoustic representations of vowel data were compared directly to evaluate the perceptual relevance of several speaker normalization transformations. The acoustic representations consisted of raw F0 and formant data. The perceptual representations were obtained through an experimental procedure, with phonetically trained listeners as subjects who had to judge vowel quality on three continuous scales: vowel height, vowel advancement and vowel rounding or spreading. The raw acoustic data were transformed according to several normalization schemes. The perceptual and the acoustic representations were compared using regression techniques. A zscore-transformation of the raw data appeared to resemble the perceptual data.
Bibliographic reference. Adank, Patti / Hout, Roeland van / Smits, Roel (2001): "A comparison between human vowel normalization strategies and acoustic vowel transformation techniques", In EUROSPEECH-2001, 481-484.