Third International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP 94)

Yokohama, Japan
September 18-22, 1994

Phonation Types Analysis in Standard Chinese

Agnès Belotel-Grenié, Michel Grenié

Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, URA-CNRS 1235 Langues, Langage & Cognition, Val bonne, France

Standard Chinese is a tone language. Differencies in tone patterns of a syllable may lead to lexically semantic distinctions. The present study tries to examine and to caracterise phonation types in Standard Chinese. It was found that changes in phonation types frequently occurred for tones 3 and t4 and only few examples of creaky voice were observed for female speakers. Two measures using H2-H1 and Fl-H1 differences in dB were used on words containing vowel lal to quantify as precisely as possible changes in phonation types. Fl-H1 showed more salient and statistically significant differences. Moreover we noted a negative correlation between F0 values and Fl-H1 values for all speakers. These observations confirm that creaky voice phonation is not distinctive and suggest that creaky voice is used as a redundant cue of tone 3 and tone 4. Keywords: Standard Chinese, phonation types, creaky voice, tone

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Belotel-Grenié, Agnès / Grenié, Michel (1994): "Phonation types analysis in standard Chinese", In ICSLP-1994, 343-346.