Third International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP 94)
This paper describes a study which is concerned with the effects of changing fundamental frequency (fO) and segmental duration, examining their interaction with different speaking styles ("angry" and "kind"). It was found that whereas appropriate settings of both duration and F0 can change the perception of these affects in the resultant speech, neither cue alone is strong enough to override the effect of the original voice source. The relative importance of these prosodic cues varied depending on the kind of affect studied.
Bibliographic reference. Ofuka, Etsuko / Valbret, Helene / Waterman, Mitch / Campbell, Nick / Roach, Peter (1994): "The role of F0 and duration in signalling affect in Japanese: anger, kindness and Politeness", In ICSLP-1994, 1447-1450.