ISCA Archive ICSLP 1994
ISCA Archive ICSLP 1994

Improving the kelly-lochbaum vocal tract model using conical tube sections and fractional delay filtering techniques

Vesa Välimäki, Matti Karjalainen

An articulatory model of speech production is usually constructed by approximating the profile of the vocal tract using cylindrical tube sections. This is implemented by a digital ladder filter that is called the Kelly-Lochbaum model. In this paper we propose an extended approach, where the tube sections approximating the profile of the tract are conical instead of cylindrical. Furthermore, the length of each tube section in our model can be accurately controlled using a novel fractional delay filtering scheme. These refinements result in an accurate and intuitively controllable vocal tract model that is well suited for articulatory speech synthesis.


Cite as: Välimäki, V., Karjalainen, M. (1994) Improving the kelly-lochbaum vocal tract model using conical tube sections and fractional delay filtering techniques. Proc. 3rd International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP 1994), 615-618

@inproceedings{valimaki94_icslp,
  author={Vesa Välimäki and Matti Karjalainen},
  title={{Improving the kelly-lochbaum vocal tract model using conical tube sections and fractional delay filtering techniques}},
  year=1994,
  booktitle={Proc. 3rd International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP 1994)},
  pages={615--618}
}