4th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing

Philadelphia, PA, USA
October 3-6, 1996

APVQ Encoder Applied to Wideband Speech Coding

J. M. Salavedra (1), E. Masgrau (2)

(1) Department of Signal Theory and Communications, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
(2) Department of Electrical Engineering and Computers, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain

This paper describes a coding scheme for broadband speech (sampling frequency 16KHz). We present a wideband speech encoder called APVQ (Adaptive Predictive Vector Quantization). It combines Subband Coding, Vector Quantization and Adaptive Prediction as it is represented in Fig.1. Speech signal is split in 16 subbands by means of a QMF filter bank and so every subband is 500Hz wide. This APVQ encoder can be seen as a vectorial extension of a conventional ADPCM encoder. In this scheme, signal vector is formed with one sample of the normalized prediction error signal coming from different subbands and then it is vector quantized. Prediction error signal is normalized by its gain and normalized prediction error signal is the input of the VQ and therefore an adaptive Gain-Shape VQ is considered. This APVQ Encoder combines the advantages of Scalar Prediction and those of Vector Quantization. We evaluate wideband speech coding in the range from 1.5 to 2 bits/sample, that leads to a coding rate from 24 to 32 kbps.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Salavedra, J. M. / Masgrau, E. (1996): "APVQ encoder applied to wideband speech coding", In ICSLP-1996, 941-944.