4th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing

Philadelphia, PA, USA
October 3-6, 1996

A New Method of Generating Speech Synthesis Units Based on Phonological Knowledge and Clustering Technique

Yuki Yoshida (1), Shin'ya Nakajima (1), Kazuo Hakoda (1), Tomohisa Hirokawa (2)

(1) NTT Human Interface Laboratories, Yokosuka-shi, Kanagawa, Japan
(2) NTT Multimedia Buisiness Department, Japan

This paper proposes a new method for generating synthesis units using context dependent phonemes to achieve high quality text-to-speech (TTS) synthesis. If all phoneme triplets (triphones) in Japanese axe considered, the number of synthesis units is very large; therefore, we introduce two techniques to reduce the number of synthesis units. The first technique decreases approximately 15,000 triphones to about 6,000 triphones based on phonological knowledge. The second technique is based on a segment quantization, which reduces the number of units even more. Experimental tests show that the proposed method is effective in improving articulation and intelligibility scores, that the number of synthesis units can be decreased without significant loss in TTS quality, and that the preference score is proportional to the number of synthesis units.

Full Paper   Sound Example #1   Sound Example #2  

Bibliographic reference.  Yoshida, Yuki / Nakajima, Shin'ya / Hakoda, Kazuo / Hirokawa, Tomohisa (1996): "A new method of generating speech synthesis units based on phonological knowledge and clustering technique", In ICSLP-1996, 1712-1715.