4th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing

Philadelphia, PA, USA
October 3-6, 1996

On-line Garbage Modeling with Discriminant Analysis for Utterance Verification

J. Caminero-Gil, C. de la Torre, L. Villarrubia, Cesar Martín del Alamo, Lúis Hernández

Speech Technology Group, Telefónica Investigación y Desarrollo, Madrid, Spain

Out-of-vocabulary (OOV) utterance detection and rejection are specially important and difficult problems in large-vocabulary and continuous speech recognition. In [1] we proposed an utterance verification procedure based on the use of frame-by-frame best acoustic state scores instead of using explicit garbage models. This procedure is usually referred to as on-line garbage modeling. In this contribution we extend our previous work in two major directions: a) we analyze, through the use of Discriminant Analysis, the possibilities of using L-best local scores and N-best utterance hypotheses scores for utterance verification; b) we present experimental results not only for a spontaneously spoken natural number recognition task, as in [1], but also for a flexible large vocabulary recognition task. All the results, based on a telephone database, show that the proposed on-line garbage modeling procedure outperforms, both in performance and computational cost, to other approaches based on the use of explicit garbage models.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Caminero-Gil, J. / Torre, C. de la / Villarrubia, L. / Martín del Alamo, Cesar / Hernández, Lúis (1996): "On-line garbage modeling with discriminant analysis for utterance verification", In ICSLP-1996, 2111-2114.