5th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing
In this paper, we offer an alternative to ToBI, the current de facto standard for machine-readable labelling of English prosody. We have three reasons for arguing that an alternative is needed. Firstly, the ToBI tone inventory is not maximally constrained; it appears to be difficult for transcribers to reach high inter-transcriber agreement scores for tone labels. Secondly, the growing demand for prosodically labelled data from non-standard varieties of English suggests a need for a transparent comparative transcription system. ToBI was not designed for this purpose. Thirdly, the low inter-transcriber agreement scores for ToBI suggest that the system is not as easy to apply as it may at first appear. In the present paper, we describe an alternative: the IViE system (Intonational Variation in English). We describe the structure of IViE and discuss its application with examples.
Bibliographic reference. Grabe, Esther / Nolan, Francis / Farrar, Kimberley J. (1998): "IVie - a comparative transcription system for intonational variation in English", In ICSLP-1998, paper 0099.