5th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing

Sydney, Australia
November 30 - December 4, 1998

How To Handle "Foreign" Sounds in Swedish Text-to-Speech Conversion: Approaching the 'Xenophone' Problem

Robert Eklund, Anders Lindström

Telia Research AB, Sweden

This paper discusses the problem of handling 'foreign' speech sounds in Swedish speech technology systems, in particular speech synthesis. A production study is made, where it is shown that Swedish speakers add foreign speech sounds, here termed 'xenophones', to their phone repertoire when reading Swedish sentences with embedded English names and words. As a result of the observations, the phone set of a Swedish concatenative synthesizer is extended, and it is shown (by example) that this produces more natural-sounding synthetic speech.

Full Paper
Speech Synthesis Examples: #1   #2

Bibliographic reference.  Eklund, Robert / Lindström, Anders (1998): "How to handle "foreign" sounds in Swedish text-to-speech conversion: approaching the 'xenophone' problem", In ICSLP-1998, paper 0514.