Sixth International Conference on Spoken Language Processing
(ICSLP 2000)

Beijing, China
October 16-20, 2000

In Search of Paralinguistic Features

Hyun Bok Lee

Seoul National University, Korea

The aim of this paper is twofold: 1) to examine the nature, scope and function of the paralinguistic features on the basis of a survey of the previous studies, and 2) to make an attempt to search and exemplify paralinguistic features operating at various linguistic and non-linguistic units in several languages. A special emphasis will be placed on the paralinguistic functions of phonetic elements including segmental a s well as prosodic features. The term "Paralinguistic feature" has been reexamined and its scope broadened in this paper so that it can accommodate any phonetic features, whether intentional or not on the part of the speaker, that can perform the paralinguistic function of contributing and modifying the basic meaning of words, etc. In view of the growing importance of paralinguistic features, a new term "Paraphonetic feature" is suggested to include exclusive ly vocal or phonetic media operating as paralinguistic features in human communica tion. Therefore paraphonetic features include not only prosodic features such as pitch, intensity, duration, speech rhythm and intonation but also segmental elements such as vowels, consonants, voice quality and airstream mechanism involved.


Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Lee, Hyun Bok (2000): "In search of paralinguistic features", In ICSLP-2000, vol.2, 334-340.