Sixth International Conference on Spoken Language Processing
This paper describes the accentuation of compound nouns in Tokyo Japanese in the framework of Optimality Theory (Prince & Smolensky 1993). This new theory assumes that output forms of language production are determined by the interaction of language-universal constraints that are ranked in a particular way for a particular grammar. In this respect it differs from previous phonological theories which held that optimal outputs are produced by (mostly language-specific) rules that apply to input structures in a derivational, i.e. step-by-step, fashion. The ultimate goal of this paper is to demonstrate that the new constraint-based approach provides a simple description of the seemingly complex system of compound noun accentuation in (Tokyo) Japanese which cannot be captured by the traditional rule-based derivational approach.
Bibliographic reference. Kubozono, Haruo (2000): "A constraint-based analysis of compound accent in Japanese", In ICSLP-2000, vol.3, 438-441.