Sixth International Conference on Spoken Language Processing
(ICSLP 2000)

Beijing, China
October 16-20, 2000

Place of Articulation Cues for Voiced and Voiceless Plosives and Fricatives in Syllable-Initial Position

Willa S. Chen, Abeer Alwan

Department of Electrical Engineering, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA

In this paper, the acoustic correlates of the labial and alveolar place of articulation for both plosive and fricative consonants are investigated, and the results are analyzed in terms of vowel context, voicing and manner of articulation. Several measurements, including formant and noise measurements, are reported for CVs spoken by two male and two female talkers. It was found that the spectral amplitude of frication noise relative to F1 at vowel onset results in 84% or better correct classification for the fricatives in 3 vowel contexts. For plosives, a measure which quantifies the amplitude of noise at high frequencies relative to F1 at vowel onset (Av-Ahi [1]) resulted in 81 % or better correct classification in the three vowel contexts. Formant frequency cues, on the other hand, were not reliable measures for all vowel contexts.


  1. K.N. Stevens, S.Y. Manuel, and M. Metthies. Revisit- ing place of articulation measures for stop consonants : Implications for models of consonant production. ICPhS Proc. 1999, 2:1117 1120, 1999.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Chen, Willa S. / Alwan, Abeer (2000): "Place of articulation cues for voiced and voiceless plosives and fricatives in syllable-initial position", In ICSLP-2000, vol.4, 113-116.