7th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing

September 16-20, 2002
Denver, Colorado, USA

Real-Time Sound Source Localization and Separation for Robot Audition

Kazuhiro Nakadai, Hiroshi G. Okuno, Hiroaki Kitano

Japan Science and Technology Corporation, Japan

Robot audition in the real world should cope with environment noises and reverberation and motor noises caused by the robotís own movements. This paper presents the active direction-pass filter (ADPF) to separate sounds originating from the specified direction with a pair of microphones. The ADPF is implemented by hierarchical integration of visual and auditory processing with hypothetical reasoning on interaural phase difference (IPD) and interaural intensity difference (IID) for each subband. In creating hypotheses, the reference data of IPD and IID is calculated by the auditory epipolar geometry on demand. Since the performance of the ADPF depends on the direction, the ADPF controls the direction by motor movement. The human tracking and sound source separation based on the ADPF is implemented on an upper-torso humanoid and runs in real-time with 4 PCs connected over Gigabit ethernet. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of each sound separated by the ADPF from a mixture of two speeches with the same loudness is improved to about 10 dB from 0 dB.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Nakadai, Kazuhiro / Okuno, Hiroshi G. / Kitano, Hiroaki (2002): "Real-time sound source localization and separation for robot audition", In ICSLP-2002, 193-196.