INTERSPEECH 2004 - ICSLP
In this paper we report on a production experiment for multimodal referring expressions. Subjects performed an object identification task in an interactive setting. 20 subjects participated and were asked if they could identify 30 countries on a world map on the wall. Subjects performed their tasks on two distances: close (10 subjects) and at a distance of 2.5 meters (10 subjects). The assumption is that these conditions yield precise and imprecise pointing gestures respectively. In addition we varied the 'size' of target objects (large or isolated objects versus small objects). This study resulted in a corpus of 600 multimodal referring expressions. A statistical analysis (ANOVA) revealed a main effect of distance (subjects adapt their language to the kind of pointing gesture) and also a main effect of target (smaller objects are more difficult to describe than large or isolated objects).
Bibliographic reference. Sluis, Ielka van der / Krahmer, Emiel (2004): "The influence of target size and distance on the production of speech and gesture in multimodal referring expressions", In INTERSPEECH-2004, 1005-1008.