Interspeech'2005 - Eurospeech

Lisbon, Portugal
September 4-8, 2005

Dynamic Language Model Adaptation Using Variational Bayes Inference

Yik-Cheung Tam, Tanja Schultz

Carnegie Mellon University, USA

We propose an unsupervised dynamic language model (LM) adaptation framework using long-distance latent topic mixtures. The framework employs the Latent Dirichlet Allocation model (LDA) which models the latent topics of a document collection in an unsupervised and Bayesian fashion. In the LDA model, each word is modeled as a mixture of latent topics. Varying topics within a context can be modeled by re-sampling the mixture weights of the latent topics from a prior Dirichlet distribution. The model can be trained using the variational Bayes Expectation Maximization algorithm. During decoding, mixture weights of the latent topics are adapted dynamically using the hypotheses of previously decoded utterances. In our work, the LDA model is combined with the trigram language model using linear interpolation. We evaluated the approach on the CCTV episode of the RT04 Mandarin Broadcast News test set. Results show that the proposed approach reduces the perplexity by up to 15.4% relative and the character error rate by 4.9% relative depending on the size and setup of the training set.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Tam, Yik-Cheung / Schultz, Tanja (2005): "Dynamic language model adaptation using variational Bayes inference", In INTERSPEECH-2005, 5-8.