Interspeech'2005 - Eurospeech
The goal of this project was to build a unit selection voice that could portray emotions with varying intensities. A suitable definition of an emotion was developed along with a descriptive framework that supported the work carried out. A single speaker was recorded portraying happy and angry speaking styles. Additionally a neutral database was also recorded. A target cost function was implemented that chose units according to emotion mark-up in the database. The Dictionary of Affect supported the emotional target cost function by providing an emotion rating for words in the target utterance. If a word was particularly ‘emotional', units from that emotion were favoured. In addition intensity could be varied which resulted in a bias to select a greater number emotional units. A perceptual evaluation was carried out and subjects were able to recognise reliably emotions with varying amounts of emotional units present in the target utterance.
Bibliographic reference. Hofer, Gregor O. / Richmond, Korin / Clark, Robert A. J. (2005): "Informed blending of databases for emotional speech synthesis", In INTERSPEECH-2005, 501-504.