Interspeech'2005 - Eurospeech
This paper proposes a method of predicting the formant frequencies of a frame of speech from its mel-frequency cepstral coefficient (MFCC) representation. Prediction is achieved through the creation of a Gaussian mixture model (GMM) which models the joint density of formant frequencies and MFCCs. Using this GMM and an input MFCC vector, a maximum a posteriori (MAP) prediction of the formant frequencies is generated. Formant prediction accuracy is evaluated on both a constrained vocabulary connected digits database and on a 5000 word large vocabulary database. Experiments first examine the accuracy of formant frequency prediction as the number of clusters in the GMM is varied with a best formant frequency prediction error of 3.72% being obtained. Secondly the effect of noise on formant prediction accuracy is examined. A fall in accuracy is observed with reducing signal-to-noise ratios, but by using a GMM matched to the noise conditions formant prediction accuracy is significantly improved.
Bibliographic reference. Darch, Jonathan / Milner, Ben / Vaseghi, Saeed (2005): "Formant frequency prediction from MFCC vectors in noisy environments", In INTERSPEECH-2005, 1129-1132.