Interspeech'2005 - Eurospeech
In this paper, the effects of prosodic features on the interpretation of elliptical clarification requests in dialogue are studied. An experiment is presented where subjects were asked to listen to short human-computer dialogue fragments in Swedish, where a synthetic voice was making an elliptical clarification after a user turn. The prosodic features of the synthetic voice were systematically varied, and the subjects were asked to judge what was actually intended by the computer. The results show that an early low F0 peak signals acceptance, that a late high peak is perceived as a request for clarification of what was said, and that a mid high peak is perceived as a request for clarification of the meaning of what was said. The study can be seen as the beginnings of a tentative model for intonation of clarification ellipses in Swedish, which can be implemented and tested in spoken dialogue systems.
Bibliographic reference. Edlund, Jens / House, David / Skantze, Gabriel (2005): "The effects of prosodic features on the interpretation of clarification ellipses", In INTERSPEECH-2005, 2389-2392.