ISCA Archive Interspeech 2005
ISCA Archive Interspeech 2005

A phonetic study of the "er-hua" rimes in Beijing Mandarin

Wai-Sum Lee

The paper is the acoustical, articulatory, and physiological investigation of the phonetic changes of the "er-hua" rimes, i.e., the rimes affixed with the diminutive suffix "er" [Ä] ‘child', in Beijing Mandarin. Acoustically, all the [Ä]-suffixed rimes have a low F3 value, as an indication of being rhotacized. The other changes of the rimes after [Ä]-suffixation vary, depending on the type of component segments of the rimes. The rimes are added with a sub-syllabic [Ä], when the rimes end with a non-back vowel. When the rimes end with a back vowel, no [Ä] is added to the rimes and the whole of the rimes becomes rhotacized. For the rimes which contain a diphthong or triphthong with a final vowel element [i] or [e], the final vowel element is deleted. For the rimes which end with an alveolar [n], the nasal ending is deleted. For the rimes which end with a velar [N], the nasal ending is also deleted and the whole of the rimes is nasalized.


doi: 10.21437/Interspeech.2005-433

Cite as: Lee, W.-S. (2005) A phonetic study of the "er-hua" rimes in Beijing Mandarin. Proc. Interspeech 2005, 1093-1096, doi: 10.21437/Interspeech.2005-433

@inproceedings{lee05d_interspeech,
  author={Wai-Sum Lee},
  title={{A phonetic study of the "er-hua" rimes in Beijing Mandarin}},
  year=2005,
  booktitle={Proc. Interspeech 2005},
  pages={1093--1096},
  doi={10.21437/Interspeech.2005-433}
}