8th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association

Antwerp, Belgium
August 27-31, 2007

A Novel Energy Distribution Comparison Approach for Robust Speech Spectrum Vector Quantization

Ahmed Ismail (1), Yasser Dakroury (2), Hazem Abbas (1)

(1) Mentor Graphics Corp., Egypt
(2) Ain Shams University, Egypt

Vector Quantization (VQ) has been extensively used in speech vocoders. The training process normally requires a very large training-set. This paper introduces a novel energy distribution comparison distortion measure for the high-band speech spectrum that enables the vector quantizer to operate given a relatively small training-set. This measure has been used in the construction of a segmental vocoder using the pitch period as segments. A description of the proposed approach, the Energy-Mass distortion measure, is given and compared to the use of MFCC as a distortion measure showing the ability of the proposed approach to better represent the speech formants, when operating under the small training-set constraint. Finally, the performance of the new Energy-Mass is evaluated using the Spectral Distortion (SD). Speech quality perceived by the receiver is evaluated using the recently standardized objective quality measure PESQ, where an improvement of 0.3 PESQ score was obtained.

Full Paper

Acoustic Examples (HTML file opening in a new window)

Bibliographic reference.  Ismail, Ahmed / Dakroury, Yasser / Abbas, Hazem (2007): "A novel energy distribution comparison approach for robust speech spectrum vector quantization", In INTERSPEECH-2007, 1665-1668.