In this paper an eigen-maximum likelihood linear regression (Eigen-MLLR) method is proposed to utilize a set of a priori noisy environment/speaker knowledge to online compensate the characteristics of unknown test environment/speaker. This idea is straightforward but is motivated from our recent findings that both the characteristics of different kinds of noisy environments and speakers could be simultaneously well organized in a PCA-constructed Eigen-MLLR subspace. Especially, the first three dimensions of the constructed Eigen-MLLR subspace are highly related to the SNR value, gender and type of noise. The proposed Eigen-MLLR was evaluated on Aurora 2 multi-condition training task. Experimental results showed that average word error rate (WER) of 6.14% was achieved. Moreover, Eigen-MLLR not only outperformed the multi-condition training baseline (Multi-Con., 13.72%) but also the blind ETSI advanced DSR front-end (ETSI-Adv., 8.65%), the histogram equalization (HEQ, 8.66%) and the non-blind reference model weighting (RMW, 7.29%) approaches.
Bibliographic reference. Liao, Yuan-Fu / Fang, Hung-Hsiang / Hsu, Chi-Hui (2008): "Eigen-MLLR environment/speaker compensation for robust speech recognition", In INTERSPEECH-2008, 1249-1252.